Taxonomy of meanings for 在:

  • zài (OC: sɡɯɯs MC: dzəi) 昨代切 去 廣韻:【所在 】
  • zài (OC: sɡɯɯʔ MC: dzəi) 昨宰切 上 廣韻:【居也存也昨宰切一 】
    • BE IN
      • vt(oN)be in the contextually determinate place > be inside, be there; be present
      • vt[0]oN.postadVN=timeduring, at (a time)
      • vt[0]oN.postadVN=placein, into
      • vt+prep+Nliterally: be in the place N
      • vt+prep+Nabstractconsist in
      • vt+prep+N1.postadN2in
      • vt0oN.adStemporalOBI 3: at (a certain time), during (a certain period)
      • vt0oNfigurativethe point is in; the abstract thing resides in
      • vtoN.adVplacein; at
      • vtoN.postadVin; at
      • vtoNbe in the place N
      • vtoNfigurativebe in; hold (an office etc.)
      • vtoNabstract(abstractly:) be present in (a person); consist in; belong to; reside in
      • vtoNimperativekeep in the place N!
      • vtoNspacebe in (a certain place)
      • vtoN.adVfigurativein; at
      • vt+NN=timehappen at the time N; be cone at the time N
      • vt prep Nfigurativefiguratively dwell in, live in, be immersed in
      • vtoNfigurativebe concerned with
      • vtoNfigurativeabstract: consist in
      • vt prep Nfigurativereside in; consist in
      • vtoNbe visibly present in
      • EXIST
        • vi(0)post.vt[0]oN V=existential有+N+在 there exists an N
        • vibe in existence, be at hand; exist unimpaired
        • LIVE
          • viremain alive, survive; be alive
          • PERSIST
            • vtoNcausativecause not to perish, cause to persist
            • persist as one pleases>UNRESTRAINED
              • vipermissiveallow oneself to exist freely as one is (ZHUANG 在宥)
        • FINAL PARTICLES
          • vpostadSemphaticexist > that's how it is > sentence final particle giving emphasis to a statement (frequently used in vernacular texts of the late Tang and Song periods)
          • vpostadSemphaticexist > that's how it is > sentence final particle giving emphasis to a statement (frequently used in vernacular texts of the late Tang and Song periods); in the pattern with negated VP (the negator is usually 未) the emphasis is on the fact that an action should have been performed or was expected to be performed, but was in fact not
          • VPpostadSemphaticvernacular sentence final phrase giving emphasis to a statement (Song period)
          • VPpostadSemphaticvernacular sentence final phrase giving emphasis to a statement (early examples in Song texts, more frequently used during Yuan and Ming)
      • BE ON
        • vtoN.postadVon
        • vtoNbe on
        • DEPEND ON
          • vtoNdepend on N
          • vtoN.adVdepending on N
          • RELY ON
            • vt+N.postVrelying on, in accordance with
            • vtoNstativedepend on; be one's responsibility (在我)
          • the point resides in>IMPORTANT
            • vt0oNthe point is N; the important thing is N
    • cause to be in>PUT
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2permissive
      • cause one’s attention to be in>THINK
        • vtoNpsychbe concerned with, think about, concern oneself with (SHU)
        • think about so as to understand>INVESTIGATE
          • vtoNinvestigate
      • what something is in>PLACE
        • nabplaceLiao Dynasty: place