ACCOMPANY  陪伴

FOLLOW AND be TOGETHER with, TYPICALLY so as to SERVE.
TRAVEL WITHPARTNERESCORTCHAPERONEATTEND

Kind Of

FOLLOW

Old Chinese Criteria

[ASCENDING/DESCENDING]

[GENERAL or SPECIALISED]

[GRAMMATICALISED/LEXICAL]

[HIERARCHICAL/NON-HIERARCHICAL]

[MOVING/STATIONARY]

1. The general word for accompanying someone of superior status is probably shì 侍 refers to polite attendance upon a master or leader, typically while in residence, but occasionally also on journeys. See SERVE.

[ASCENDING], [STATIONARY]

2. Péi 陪 typically refers to accompanying someone who is moving, and it adds to the literal meaning of accompaniment of a superior that of general support.

[ASCENDING], [MOVING]

3. Jù 俱 and xié 偕 refer to a symmetric relation of togetherness rather than the transitive action of accompaniment of a superior. See TOGETHER.

[GENERAL], [NON-HIERARCHICAL]

4. Yǔ 與 adds to the notion of accompaniment that of tactical association, the siding with someone, and occasionally the latter nuance is stronger than the meaning "to accompany" so that the word comes to mean purely "to side with".

[DESCENDING!]

5. Ba4n 伴 is to keep company as a friend.

6. Co2ng 從 is to keep company as a follower.

7. So4ng 送 is to keep company with someone who is leaving.

Modern Chinese Criteria

陪伴 is a current modern word for accompaniment.

陪 is a more informal word for accompanying a person.

陪同 focusses on the subservient status of the accompanying person.

隨同 focusses on the very low status of the accompanying person.

伴隨 refers to a more than very short-term spell of accompanying.

奉陪 refers to exceedingly polite accompanying of a guest etc..

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

Old Chinese Contrasts

1. The person accompanied may be obligatorily of distinctly higher status (péi 陪, shì 侍 ), or that person may be of any status (jiē 偕, jù 俱, yǔ 與 )

2. The togetherness may be primarily in terms of physical vicinity (shì 侍, jiē 偕, péi 陪 ) or it may be in terms of forms of forms of collaborative togetherness that are not essentially spatial (yǔ 與 ).

3. The togetherness may include the notion of support (yǔ 與, péi 陪, shì 侍 ), or it may be more simply a matter of intentional spatial proximity (all others [JP]).

4. The notion of togetherness may be typically grammaticalised and adverbial (jiē 偕, jù 俱 ), or it may be ungrammaticalised and fully verbal (all others).

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

ACCOMPANY

comitari refers to the autonomous act of accompanying someone out of one's own perceived best interests.

deducere refers to the accompanying someone out of a sense of friendship duty, often in an officious way.

prosequi refers to the decision to follow someone as a demonstrative deep respect and even reverence.

MOVE TO DOEDERLEIN

SELF-INTERESTED or ALTRUISTIC

INCONSPICUOUS or DEMONSTRATIVE

comitari refers to the autonomous act of accompanying someone out of one's own perceived best interests. SELF-INTERESTED

deducere refers to the accompanying someone out of a sense of friendship duty, often in an officious way. ALTRUISTIC

prosequi refers to the decision to follow and accompany someone as a demonstrative act of deep respect and even reverence. DEMONSTRATIVE

LW

comitor, comitari, comitatus sum V 1 1 DEP [XXXAO]

join as an attendant, guard/escort; accompany, follow; attend (funeral);

secor, seci, secutus sum V 3 1 DEP [XXXAO]

follow; escort/attend/accompany; aim at/reach after/strive for/make for/seek;

sequor, sequi, secutus sum V 3 1 DEP [XXXAO]

follow; escort/attend/accompany; aim at/reach after/strive for/make for/seek;

cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctus V 3 1 TRANS [XXXAO]

surround/encircle/ring; enclose; beleaguer; accompany; gird, equip; ring (tree);

adsector, adsectari, adsectatus sum V 1 1 DEP [XXXCO]

accompany, attend, escort; support, be an adherent, follow; court (fame);

assector, assectari, assectatus sum V 1 1 DEP [XXXCO]

accompany, attend, escort; support, be an adherent, follow; court (fame);

*

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 104

comitari is the general word, and the person accompanied is the most important person.

prosequi is an elevated word referring to a accompanying a person as a sign of politeness and reverence.

stipare refers to protective accompaniment by a group, typically of soldiers and the like.

sectari is intensitive and refers to a permanent habit or practice of accompanying someone everywhere.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 24
  • vt(oN) : 10
  • vi : 8
  • vt+prep+N : 7
  • vadV : 6
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 4
  • vadN : 4
  • n : 3
  • n[adN] : 2
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1
  • nadN : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 19
  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 論語 : 7
  • 禮記 : 6
  • 說苑 : 6
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 毛詩 : 4
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   shì OC: ɡljɯs MC: dʑɨ 31 Attributions

The general word for accompanying someone of superior status is probably shì 侍 refers to polite attendance upon a master or leader, typically while in residence, but occasionally also on journeys. See SERVE. >>STATIONARY, ASCENDING

  • vadVin attendance 侍坐 "sit in attendance"
  • viactbe in attendance (sometimes with position 侍於王後)
  • vt(oN)be in polite attendance with a contextually determinate senior person
  • vt+prep+Nkeep company as a servant
  • vtoNattend on and accompany; be present and serve at
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2to serve (somebody N2) at (a meal N1) 侍食於君
   sòng OC: sooŋs MC: suŋ 14 Attributions
  • vt(oN)accompany a contextually determinate person
  • vtoNaccompany some way upon departure
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2send off/accompany N1 to the place N2
  • vt[oN]accompany a person upon departure
  • vttoN.+V[0]pivotaccompany N to V
   péi OC: bɯɯ MC: buo̝i 8 Attributions

Péi 陪 adds to the literal meaning of accompaniment of a superior that of general support. >>MOVING, ASCENDING

  • nsubjectaccompanying person behind one
  • vadNaccompanying; supporting [see péi chén 陪臣 "accompanying minister, humble minister]
  • vadVVERB as escort???
  • viactbe in accompanying attendance 陪其後
  • vtoNobject=superioraccompany and support [陪朕 "support me"]
  • vtoNobject=occasionbe in attendance at
   yǔ OC: k-laʔ MC: ji̯ɤ 5 Attributions

Yǔ 與 adds to the notion of accompaniment that of tactical association, the siding with someone, and occasionally the latter nuance is stronger than the meaning "to accompany" so that the word comes to mean purely "to side with". >>HORIZONTAL or DESCENDING

  • vtoNbe in the company of, keep company with, come along together with; be part of (a company)
   cóng OC: dzoŋ MC: dzi̯oŋ 4 Attributions
  • vadNaccompanying
  • vt(oN.)adVaccompanying N> in the company of N
  • vt(oN)accompany the contextually determinate person
  • vtoNaccompany
  • vtoN.adVin the company of to V
  • vt.postN{OBJ}(.adV)in the company of
   jiē OC: kriid MC: kɣɛi 2 Attributions

Jù 俱 and xié 偕 refer to a symmetric relation of togetherness rather than the transitive action of accompaniment of a superior. See TOGETHER. >>GENERAL, HORIZONTAL

  • viactbe together
  • vt(oN)accompany the determinate person(s)
  • vt+prep+Nbe together with, be in the company of
   cè OC: skrɯɡ MC: ʈʂɨk 2 Attributions
  • n[adN]N=humaccompanying person by the side
   zhuī OC: krlul MC: ʈi 2 Attributions
  • vtoNaccompany (the dead); escort
   bàn OC: baanʔ MC: bʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • vt+V[0]accompany somebody Ving, V together with somebody
  • vtoNact as companion to [no early examples found so far]
   chóu OC: du MC: ɖɨu 1 Attribution
  • nadNaccompanying
   pèi OC: phɯɯls MC: phuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • vtoNfigurativeaccompany (something or somebody); go together with (something)
   yǐ MC: yiX OC: k-lɯʔ 1 Attribution
  • DELETEto accompany somebody
  • vtoN=與 e.g. 行役以婦人 "when travelling on service he is with his wife": be in the company of, have the company of
   yìng OC: lɯŋs MC: jɨŋ 0 Attributions
  • vttoN1.+N2accompany N2 to N1 (!!)
陪伴   péi bàn OC: bɯɯ baanʔ MC: buo̝i bʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNkeep company (Feng Menglong)
陪侍   péi shì OC: bɯɯ ɡljɯs MC: buo̝i dʑɨ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccompany so as to serve
陪送   péi sòng OC: bɯɯ sooŋs MC: buo̝i suŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNaccompany a person who is leaving
   jiàng OC: skaŋs MC: tsi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNaccompany, escort; see off
   hé OC: ɡool MC: ɦʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • vtoN

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: