KILL  

VOLUNTARILY CAUSE TO DIE.
Taxonoymy

HUNTSTRANGLEEXECUTEMURDERSUICIDE

See also

PUNISH

Kind Of

CAUSE TO

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The overwhelmingly dominant term referring to any form of taking the life of anything is shā 殺.

2. Some words specify the range of objects murdered: Thus shì 弒 refers to the killing of a reigning ruler, zhū 誅 and yí 夷 refer to the killing of a convicted criminal; zǎi 宰 and tú3 屠 refer primarily to the slaughtering of animals for the purpose of food production.

3. Some words specify the number of objects killed: yí 夷, zú 族, jiān 殲 tú 屠 (when applied to humans) refer to the killing of groups of people. See PUNISHMENT. The other words refer normally to the killing of one person or a specified set of several persons.

4. Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

Modern Chinese Criteria

害死

殺死

誤殺

結果

殺害

要命

扼殺

幹掉

格斃

格殺 refers to killing someone in open combat.

撂倒

活活打死

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis 18.11.2003. CH

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.76

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

KILL

interficere are the most general expressions for putting some living being to death for any reason and under any circumstances.

perimere is an old-fashioned precious word synonymous otherwise with interficere.

interimere refers to murder in private contexts to remove someone.

necare refers to killing someone cruelly as an unjust act of murder.

occidere refers to killing by cutting someone down, especially by a soldier in open battle.

iugulare refers to killing by cutting the throat or neck, or by a skilfuly-direct4ed thrust to the collar-bone, which is especially the biusiness of the bandit.

obtruncare refers to the reckless butchering and cutting into pieces.

trucidare refers to slaughtering a living being as one might a cow.

percutere refers to taking someone's life as a mere mechanical act in the manner of an executioner of a death sentence.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 184

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 164

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 19

MENGZI TONGYI 2002 “孟子”同義詞研究 255

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 76

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.302

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 159
  • VPtoN : 26
  • vt(oN) : 11
  • nab : 8
  • vt[oN] : 7
  • VPt[oN] : 4
  • vadN : 4
  • NPab : 3
  • vadN : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • VPi : 1
  • vpostadV : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • VPadN : 1
  • vtpostadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 53
  • 春秋左傳 : 44
  • 史記 : 32
  • 說苑 : 13
  • 孟子 : 9
  • 呂氏春秋 : 9
  • 禮記 : 8
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 7
  • 百喻經 : 7
  • 論語 : 5
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 太平御覽 : 2
  • 太平廣記 : 2
  • 漢書 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 記纂淵海 : 1
  • 白孔六帖 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 魏書一百十四卷 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 山海經 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 老子 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 後漢書九十卷附續漢志三十卷 : 1
  • 王粲集三卷 : 1
  • 新序 : 1

Words

殺 / 煞   shā OC: sreed MC: ʂɣɛt shā OC: sreed MC: ʂɣɛt 125 Attributions

The overwhelmingly dominant term referring to any form of taking the life of anything is shā 殺. The overwhelmingly dominant term referring to any form of taking the life of anything is shā 殺.

  • vtoN不免有殺身之禍have (someone/onself) killed; cause someone/oneself to lose his life, The general word, to be used about animals as well as humans (and occasionally about plants as well), for whatever cause or reason and with whatever means; (sometimes the killed person comes to life again as in ZUO 7.8.1.1
  • vtoNcausativecause someone to sacrifice his life; cause someone to get killed
  • vtoNpassiveget killed
  • vadNdesigned for killing, mortal
  • nabactthe act of killing> the taking of people's lives; murder
  • vadNpassive(who gets killed>) murdered
  • vt[oN]kill people, take the measure of killing people; kill animals (in hunt)
  • vtoNN=nonhukill (an animal)
  • nabcausativeact in a manner that will lead to the death of; cause the death of, cause to get killed; get (e.g. oneself) killed
  • nabactgetting killed
  • vtoNreflexive.自kill (oneself)
  • vtoNpassiveoften: get (oneself) killed; cause one's own death indirectly (not by suicie); sometimes: kill (oneself)
  • vtpostadVresultativeresultative verbal complement (complement of degree?): V to the extant of killing N 踏殺 trample to death
  • vpostadVV to death
  • vt(oN)kill the contextually determinate object
  • nabautonymthe word 殺
  • vt+prep+NN=humkill (somebody)
  • vtoNobject=rulerkill (ruler)
  • vtoNintentionintended to kill; run a campaign to get N killed
  • vtoNsubject=statekill
  • vtoNfigurativebe responsible for the death of
  • vtoNkill
  • vtoNpassivederived: risk getting killed
   jǐng OC: keeŋʔ MC: keŋ 7 Attributions

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • vtoNcut the throat of (a person)
  • vtoNreflexive.自cut (one's own) throat
   è OC: ŋaals MC: ŋɑ 7 Attributions

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • vi+N{PLACE}starve to death at Npl
  • vtoNcausative(cause to starve>) starve (someone); to starve (someone) to death
   rèn OC: njins MC: ȵin 5 Attributions

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • vtoNkill with a sword; try to kill with a sword
  • vtoNreflexive.自kill (oneself) with a sword
   cì OC: skhleɡs MC: tshiɛ 4 Attributions

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • vtoNkill by stabbing
  • vtoNreflexive.自kill (onself)
   shè OC: ɢljaɡs MC: ʑɣɛ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNkill with an arrow
   bì OC: beds MC: biɛi 4 Attributions
  • vtoNkill
  • vtoNreflexive.自kill (onself), bring sudden death upon (oneself)
  • vtoNcausativecause the sudden death>destruction of
   sǐ OC: pliʔ MC: si 4 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to die, put to death
  • vtoNpermissiveallow myself to die
  • vtoNcausativebe killed by ???
  • vadNwhich kills; which causes death
殺害   shā hài OC: sreed ɡaads MC: ʂɣɛt ɦɑi 4 Attributions
  • NPabkilling
  • VPt(oN)kill the contextually determinate N
  • VPtoNharm by way of killing > kill
  • VPtoNpassiveget killed
   gē OC: kaad MC: kɑt 3 Attributions
  • vtoNkill (a sacrificial animal) by cutting up
   yì OC: qiiɡs MC: ʔei 3 Attributions
  • vtoNSHU: kill, slaughter
  • vtoNpassiveget killed
殉葬   xùn zàng OC: sɢʷlins tsaaŋs MC: zʷin tsɑŋ 3 Attributions
  • VPt[oN]bury victims alive (to honour a distinguished person)
親殺   qīn shā sà MC: tshin sreat OC: tshiŋ sreed 3 Attributions
  • vtoNkill personally
自殺   zì shā sà MC: dzijH sreat OC: sblids sreed 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNkill with one's own hands
手自殺   shǒu zì shā sà MC: syuwX dzijH sreat OC: hmljuʔ sblids sreed 3 Attributions
  • VPtoNkill with one's own hands
僇 / 戮   lù OC: ɡ-ruɡ MC: luk lù OC: ɡ-ruɡ MC: luk 2 Attributions
  • vtoNpassiveget killed
   tú OC: ɡ-laa MC: duo̝ 2 Attributions

Some words specify the range of objects murdered: Thus shì 弒 refers to the killing of a reigning ruler, zhū 誅 and yí 夷 refer to the killing of a convicted criminal; zǎi 宰 and tú3 屠 refer primarily to the slaughtering of animals for the purpose of food production.

  • vtoNkill (a person) cruelly; slaughter
   fèi OC: pods MC: pi̯ɐi 2 Attributions
  • nabacteuphemism for killing> removal
  • vtoNeuphemistic: do away with
  • vadNmortal
   xùn OC: sɢʷlins MC: zʷin 2 Attributions
  • vtoNkill as a sacrifical victim
   jiān OC: tsem MC: tsiɛm 2 Attributions

Some words specify the number of objects killed: yí 夷, zú 族, jiān 殲 tú 屠(when applied to humans) refer to the killing of groups of people. See PUNISHMENT. The other words refer normally to the killing of one person or a specified set of several persons.

  • vtoNkill off, leaving no one alive (typically used to refer to the killing of enemy soldiers)
  • vtoNpassivebe killed
劫殺   jié shā OC: kab sreed MC: ki̯ɐp ʂɣɛt 2 Attributions
  • NPabresultativeusurpation of power and assassination
  • VPadNpassivebound to have one's position usurped and to get killed
餓殺   è shā OC: ŋaals sreed MC: ŋɑ ʂɣɛt 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativestarve to death
身自殺   shēn zì shā sà MC: syin dzijH sreat OC: qhjin sblids sreed 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNkill with one's own hands
   fá OC: bod MC: bi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNOBI: to slay (somebody), to decapitate ritually
   liú OC: b-ru MC: lɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNkill
  • vt[adN]passivethe killed lexically determinate N
   yāo OC: qrowʔ MC: ʔiɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativekill prematurely
   yí OC: li MC: ji 1 Attribution

Some words specify the range of objects murdered: Thus shì 弒 refers to the killing of a reigning ruler, zhū 誅 and yí 夷 refer to the killing of a convicted criminal; zǎi 宰 and tú3 屠 refer primarily to the slaughtering of animals for the purpose of food production.

  • vtoNhave executed
  • vtoNpassivebe killed; be exterminated
歿   mò OC: mɯɯd MC: muot 1 Attribution
  • vtoNreflexive.自kill (oneself)
   mò OC: mɯɯd MC: muot 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativecause to go under, bring about the death of
   huò OC: ɢʷreeɡ MC: ɦɣɛk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNkill after a chase; kill in battle?
   lì OC: b-rads MC: liɛi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNkill; destroy
   jìn OC: dzinʔ MC: dzin 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)kill every one of the contextually determinate victims
   xī OC: sqaɡ MC: siɛk 1 Attribution

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • vtoNpassiveget killed and made into dried meat
   cái OC: sɡɯɯ MC: dzəi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNreflexive.自kill (onself)
   liè OC: b-red MC: liɛt 1 Attribution

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • vtoNdismember, tear apart with carts pulling the limbs of a person in different directions
  • vtoNpassivebe dismembered; be torn apart with carts pulling the limbs of a person in different directions
   jiě OC: kreeʔ MC: kɣɛ 1 Attribution

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • vtoNoccasionally, in idiomatic contexts only: dismember; amputate
   chú OC: rla MC: ɖi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNget out of the way> kill
剄死   jǐng sǐ OC: keeŋʔ pliʔ MC: keŋ si 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNreflexive.自kill (oneself) by cutting the throat
射殺   shè shā OC: ɢljaɡs sreed MC: ʑɣɛ ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativekill
屠殺   tú shā OC: ɡ-laa sreed MC: duo̝ ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativekill in the professional way of a butcher
打殺   dǎ shā OC: rtaaŋʔ sreed MC: tɣaŋ ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativebeat to death
扼昧   è mèi OC: qreeɡ mɯɯds MC: ʔɣɛk muo̝i 1 Attribution

Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

  • NPabactmurder by strangulation
斬害   zhǎn hài OC: tsreemʔ ɡaads MC: ʈʂɣɛm ɦɑi 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNkill
斬艾   zhǎn yì OC: tsreemʔ ŋads MC: ʈʂɣɛm ŋi̯ɐi 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNkill off
斬頭   zhǎn tóu OC: tsreemʔ doo MC: ʈʂɣɛm du 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)cut off the head of the contextually determinate N
殘殺   cán shā OC: dzaan sreed MC: dzɑn ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativemaim so as to kill
殺僇   shā liù OC: sreed ɡ-rus MC: ʂɣɛt lɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPt[oN]engage in all sorts of killings and executions
殺死   shā sǐ OC: sreed pliʔ MC: ʂɣɛt si 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe killed
殺生   shā shēng OC: sreed sraaŋ MC: ʂɣɛt ʂɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPabactkilling; murder
  • VPiactcommit murder; kill living creatures
減食   jiǎn shí OC: kroomʔ ɢljɯɡ MC: kɣɛm ʑɨk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNstarve to death
艾殺   yì shā OC: ŋads sreed MC: ŋi̯ɐi ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativecut down so as to kill
辟殺   pì shā OC: beɡ sreed MC: biɛk ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNusing some legal pretext to have N killed
鴆毒   zhèn dú OC: ɡrlums duuɡ MC: ɖim duok 1 Attribution
  • NPabactpoisoning
  • VPtoNpoison to death
滅性   miè xìng MC: mjiet sjengH OC: med seŋs 1 Attribution
  • VPireflexivebring about one own's death
身殺   shēn shā sà MC: syin sreat OC: qhjin sreed 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNkill personally
躬殺   gōng shā sà MC: kjuwng sreat OC: kʷɯŋ sreed 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNkill personally
   wáng OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdestroy the life of
��    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNkill
   chāo OC: dzraaw MC: ɖʐɣɛu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNexterminate, annihilate
   hài OC: ɡaads MC: ɦɑi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmurder
   zǎi OC: tsɯɯʔ MC: tsəi 0 Attributions

Some words specify the range of objects murdered: Thus shì 弒 refers to the killing of a reigning ruler, zhū 誅 and yí 夷 refer to the killing of a convicted criminal; zǎi 宰 and tú3 屠 refer primarily to the slaughtering of animals for the purpose of food production.

  • vtoNHANSHU: slaughter and cut up the meat of
   shì OC: lʰɯɡs MC: ɕɨ 0 Attributions

Some words specify the range of objects murdered: Thus shì 弒 refers to the killing of a reigning ruler, zhū 誅 and yí 夷 refer to the killing of a convicted criminal; zǎi 宰 and tú3 屠 refer primarily to the slaughtering of animals for the purpose of food production.

       lā OC: ɡ-ruub MC: ləp 0 Attributions
    • vtoNkill???
       tuō OC: lʰood MC: thʷɑt 0 Attributions
    • vtoNbeat to death, kill (GULIANG)
    ��胣 / ��胣    OC:  MC:   OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
    • vtoNread chi?: OBI: disembowel
       zú OC: sɡooɡ MC: dzuk 0 Attributions

    Some words specify the number of objects killed: yí 夷, zú 族, jiān 殲 tú 屠(when applied to humans) refer to the killing of groups of people. See PUNISHMENT. The other words refer normally to the killing of one person or a specified set of several persons.

         jiǎo OC: kreewʔ MC: kɣɛu 0 Attributions

      Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

           jīng OC: keeŋ MC: keŋ 0 Attributions
        • vtoNreflexive.自kill (oneself)
           yì OC: qleɡs MC: ʔiɛ 0 Attributions

        Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

             zhū OC: to MC: ʈi̯o 0 Attributions

          Some words specify the range of objects murdered: Thus shì 弒 refers to the killing of a reigning ruler, zhū 誅 and yí 夷 refer to the killing of a convicted criminal; zǎi 宰 and tú3 屠 refer primarily to the slaughtering of animals for the purpose of food production.

               zhèn OC: ɡrlums MC: ɖim 0 Attributions

            Some words specify modes of killing: cì 刺 is to murder by stabbing with a pointed object, typically a dagger; liè 裂 and jiě 解 refer to dismembering by a wide variety of methods; zhèn 鴆 refers to poisoning; jǐng 剄 refers to cutting the throat; xī 腊 refers to killing followed by making a person into minced meat; rèn 刃 is to kill with a sword; jiǎo 絞 and yì 縊 refer to strangulation, è4 mèi 扼昧 and refer to strangulation; è 餓 can refer to starving someone to death. For a more detailed account of the varieties of death penalties in ancient China see PUNISHMENT.

              捐身   juān shēn OC: ɢʷlen qhjin MC: jiɛn ɕin 0 Attributions
              • VPiactcommit murder
              毀沒   huǐ mò OC: qhʷralʔ mɯɯd MC: hiɛ muot 0 Attributions
              • VPtoNdestroy so as to kill
              • VPtoNreflexive.自kill oneself
              笞殺   chī shā OC: rlʰɯ sreed MC: ʈhɨ ʂɣɛt 0 Attributions
              • VPtoNresultativecane to death with a bamboo stick

              Existing SW for

              Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: