ARROGATE  侵權

TAKE so as to MONOPOLISE AND in so doing OFFEND against the LAW.
TAKECLAIMAPPROPRIATESEIZEEXPROPRIATEWRESTUSURPCOMMANDEER
See also

ATTACK

Kind Of

TAKE

Old Chinese Criteria

[[CURRENT/RARE]]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[HABITUAL/OCCASIONAL]

[HIGH-DEGREE/LOW-DEGREE]

1. The current general word for arrogation of power is jiàn 僭.

[OCCASIONAL], [HIGH-DEGREE]

2. Nǐ 擬 refers to fraudulent and presumptuous assumption of the powers of a ruler.

[OCCASIONAL]; [RARE]

3. Shàn 擅 refers to unlicenced wilful assumption of powers of decision which do not belong to one.

[HABITUAL], [LOW-DEGREE]

4. Qīn 侵 refers to an often violent infringement of other's rights (and territories, see ATTACK).

[OCCASIONAL], [HIGH-DEGREE]

5. Líng 陵 refers to serious encroachment of others' rights or authority.

[HABITUAL], [SERIOUS]

6. Yú 踰, and yuè 越 refer to presumptuous or arrogant infringement of others' rights or authority.

[OCCASIONAL], [LOW-DEGREE]; [RARE]

7. Zhuān 專 (ant. fēn 分 "distribute properly") refers to the typically illegal monopolisation of power. For examples see MONOLOPOLISE

[LOW-DEGREE], [HABITUAL], [SPECIALISED]

Modern Chinese Criteria

侵權

THIS NEEDS DISCUSSION.

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH

Old Chinese Contrasts

1. The claim may be typically temporary (nǐ 擬, jiàn 僭 ), or it may be typically permanent or lasting (zhuān 專 ).

2. The claim may lead to a de facto new legitimate state of affairs (zhuān 專, shàn 擅 ), or it may be a transgression which does not establish any new legal situation (nǐ 擬, jiàn 僭 ).

3. The kind of authority assumed may be always human (shàn 擅, nǐ 擬, zhuān 專 ), or there may be the possibility that this authority is superhuman or divine (jiàn 僭 ).

4. Qīn 侵 refers to the encroachment of another's territorial or other rights.

5. Yú 踰 and yuè 越 refer to deliberate disregard for another's rights. jiang

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 59
  • nab : 12
  • vadV : 11
  • vt+V[0] : 9
  • vi : 6
  • vadN : 4
  • n : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 68
  • 禮記 : 8
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 春秋左傳 : 6
  • 管子 : 4
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 史記 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   shàn OC: djans MC: dʑiɛn 27 Attributions

Shàn 擅 refers to unlicenced wilful assumption of powers of decision which do not belong to one. [HABITUAL], [LOW-DEGREE]

  • vadVimproperly on one's own authority
  • viactact illegitimately on one's own authority
  • vt+V[0]presume to V; arrogate to oneself the authority to V; usurp the authority of V-ing
  • vtoNusurp (power); take illegitimate sole control of; gain control over (also: over a ruler etc)
   qīn OC: skhim MC: tshim 25 Attributions

Qīn 侵 refers to an often violent infringement of other's rights (and territories, see ATTACK). [OCCASIONAL], [HIGH-DEGREE]

  • nab.post-V{NUM}acttransgression
  • viactencroach upon superior's privileges; infringe on the rights of others
  • vtoNencroach upon, trespass against, infringe on the rights and responsibilities of (a ruler etc)
  • vtoNpassivesuffer insult; be encroached upon; be infringed
   jié OC: kab MC: ki̯ɐp 24 Attributions

Jíé 劫 adds to the notion of misapropriation that violence or threat of violence.

  • nabactusurpation of power; (political) arrogation (of political powers); arrogation of power; usurpation
  • vadNpassivewho has his power usurped by someone else
  • vtoNarrogate power from; rob of what one has (most of these have to be moved to the figurative heading)
  • vtoNfigurativearrogate/usurp the powers of (a ruler), wrest power from; kidnap
  • vtoNpassivehave one's power usurped; get kidnapped 見劫
   líng OC: b-rɯŋ MC: lɨŋ 8 Attributions

Líng 陵 refers to serious encroachment of others' rights or authority. [HABITUAL], [SERIOUS]

  • vtoNoffend against, presumtuously act against
   nǐ OC: ŋɡɯʔ MC: ŋɨ 4 Attributions

Nǐ 擬 refers to fraudulent and presumptuous assumption of the powers of a ruler. [OCCASIONAL]; [RARE]

  • nabactarrogation of power
  • vt+prep+Narrogate to oneself the position of
  • vtoNpretend to the status of, arrogate the position of
   yú OC: lo MC: ji̯o 4 Attributions

Yú 踰, and yuè 越 refer to presumptuous or arrogant infringement of others' rights or authority. [OCCASIONAL], [LOW-DEGREE]; [RARE]

  • nautonymrefers to the word 踰 itself
  • vadNtransgressing, inappropriate, illicit
  • vtoNencroach upon; transgress against
   jiàn OC: skɯɯms MC: tsem 3 Attributions

The current general word for arrogation of power is jiàn 僭. [OCCASIONAL], [HIGH-DEGREE]

  • nabactusurpation
  • vadNusurping
  • viactoverstep one's authority, transgress; (with respect to the ghosts and spirits:) be characterised by hubris
  • vtoNusurp the authority of, encroach on
   zhuān OC: tjon MC: tɕiɛn 3 Attributions

Zhuān 專 (ant. fēn 分 "distribute properly") refers to the typically illegal monopolisation of power. For examples see MONOLOPOLISE [LOW-DEGREE], [HABITUAL], [SPECIALISED]

  • vadVacting on one's sole authority; independently
  • vtoNarrogate authority concerning, act on one's own authority on
   cuàn OC: skhroons MC: ʈʂhɣan 2 Attributions

Cuàn 篡 suggests the violent arrogation of monopolised power.

  • nabactusurpation
  • vtoNseize power illegally
  • vtoNpassiveto regard as usurpation
   gān OC: kaan MC: kɑn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNarrogate to oneself; occupy illegally (a position)
   yuè OC: ɢʷad MC: ɦi̯ɐt 1 Attribution

Yú 踰, and yuè 越 refer to presumptuous or arrogant encroachment of others' rights or authority. [OCCASIONAL], [LOW-DEGREE]; [RARE]

  • vtoNencroach on
逾越   yú yuè OC: lo ɢʷad MC: ji̯o ɦi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNarrogate (someone's) power
   zhuǎn MC: tsywenX OC: tjonʔ 1 Attribution
  • vadV= zhuan1 專: acting on one's sole authority; independently

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: