MURDER  

KILL a HUMAN NOT LEGITIMATELY.
KILLPUT TO DEATHASSASSINATEEXECUTELIQUIDATEELIMINATEDISPATCHBUTCHERSLAUGHTERMASSACREWIPE OUTINFORMAL BUMP OFFDO INDO AWAY WITHKNOCK OFFBLOW AWAYBLOW SOMEONE'S BRAINS OUTTAKE OUTDISPOSE OFICERUB OUTSMOKEWASTELITERARY SLAY
Taxonoymy

ASSASSINATE

Kind Of

KILL

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The standard word for murder is the same as the general word for killing, shā 殺.

2. Shì 弒 refers to assassination of a ruler, and always with negative connotations (the justified killing of a ruler would still be shā 殺 ).

3. Cì 刺 is to stab and thereby kill.

4. Zéi 賊 refers to an arranged murder, often through a hired assassin.

5. Zhèn 鴆 is to kill with poison.

Modern Chinese Criteria

殺人

故殺

謀殺

他殺

仇殺

槍殺

絞殺

虐殺

殺害

凶殺

行凶

行刺

滅口

殘殺

殘害

下毒手

傷生害命

殺人越貨

荼毒生靈

坑殺

活埋

下毒

放毒

投毒

毒殺

鴆害

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 21.42

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

MURDERER Dumesnil 1887

homicida reers quite generally to someone who committed murder.

interfector refers to someone who has taken someone elses life in any way, legal or illegal.

peremptor ditto

intermptor ditto.

percussor refers to someone who takes another's life by executing a public sentence of condemnation.

sicarius refers to a hired assassin who commits a concealed murder, like the bandit.

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

HOMICIDIUM

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

MORD

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 145B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 81
  • n : 14
  • vtoN{PLACE} : 5
  • v[adN] : 4
  • nab : 2
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1
  • vi : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 51
  • 韓非子 : 18
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 10
  • 史記 : 9
  • 說苑 : 5
  • 戰國策 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   shì OC: lʰɯɡs MC: ɕɨ 60 Attributions

Shì 弒 refers to assassination of a ruler, and always with negative connotations (the justified killing of a ruler would still be shā 殺).

  • vtoNassassinate (a superior), whether one's ruler, parent, or elder sibling. Sometimes incirectly through a hired assassin
  • vtoNpassiveget assassinated 見弒
  • vtoNautonymto assassinate
  • vtoNmurder
  • nabactassassination; attempt at assassination
   zéi OC: sɡɯɯɡ MC: dzək 23 Attributions

Zéi 賊 refers to an arranged murder, often through a hired assassin.

  • nagenthired murderer; person who was hired as murderer
  • nabactmurderous attack against a person
  • vtoNmurder as hired murderer; kill secretly; to launch an indirect murderous attack against
   tú OC: ɡ-laa MC: duo̝ 7 Attributions
  • nabactthe suffering of cruel murder
  • vtoN{PLACE}massacre everyone at the place Npl
  • vtoNmassacre, kill cruelly;
   qiāng OC: sɡaŋ MC: dzi̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nmurder
  • vtoNinjure (often a ruler) deliberately, with lethal consequences (ZUO, GU)
  • vtoNautonymto murder
   dào OC: daaws MC: dɑu 4 Attributions
  • v[adN](rarely:) common thief hired as murderer
   qián OC: ɡren MC: giɛn 3 Attributions
  • nagentmurderer
  • nsubject=humankiller; murderer
  • vtoNmurder cruelly; ravage (a place) with murder
  • vt[oN]commit murder
   cì OC: skhleɡs MC: tshiɛ 2 Attributions

Cì 刺 is to stab and thereby kill.

  • vtoNstab (in order to kill)
   kēng OC: khraaŋ MC: khɣaŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNbury alive in a pit
   liú OC: b-ru MC: lɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNravage, SHU: kill cruelly on a large scale (archaic; according to Fangyan, a dialect word used in 秦, 晉, 宋 and 衛 and in the northern parts of 晉 for 殺).
   cán OC: dzaan MC: dzɑn 1 Attribution
  • viactbe murderous
  • vtoNbe cruel towards to the point of murdering
  • vtoNpassivebe killed
   shā OC: sreed MC: ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution

The standard word for murder is the same as the general word for killing, shā 殺. See KILL

  • vtoNkill somebody in an illegitimate way
行賊   xíng zéi OC: ɢraaŋ sɡɯɯɡ MC: ɦɣaŋ dzək 1 Attribution
  • VPt+prep+Nmurder
誅屠   zhū tú OC: to ɡ-laa MC: ʈi̯o duo̝ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativemassacre
   zhèn OC: ɡrlums MC: ɖim 0 Attributions

Zhèn 鴆 is to kill with poison.

  • vtoNkill by poisoning

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: