Taxonomy of meanings for 上:

  • shang4 (OC: ɡljaŋs MC: dʑiɐŋ) 時亮切 去 廣韻:【上古文 】
  • shàng (OC: ɡljaŋs MC: dʑiɐŋ) 時亮切 去 廣韻:【君也猶天子也又時兩切 】
  • shàng (OC: ɡljaŋʔ MC: dʑiɐŋ) 時掌切 上 廣韻:【登也升也時掌切又音尚二 】
  • shàng (OC: ɡljaŋʔ MC: dʑiɐŋ) 時掌切 上 廣韻:【上古文 】
    • ABOVE
      • n(post-N)figurativein the leading position in respect to the contextually determinate N
      • npost-Nfigurativein the leading position in respect to N
      • n(post-N)above the contextually determinate N
      • n{PLACE}adVabove
      • nhigha place above (a river etc) 濮水之上, a place higher than; a place on high
      • npost-Nthe upper side of; upon, on 泰山之上
      • nadNupper; being situated above/upstairs
      • nadNnon-restrictive(Heaven) above (Note that there is no Heaven below or anywhere else.)
      • nadNtextabove (in the text) > the above mentioned/described
      • nadVtextabove (in the text)
      • npost-.N+ZHIplaceon top
      • npost-Nfigurativeabove of N > related to N
      • npost-Nplaceon something; on the top of something; in (an elevated place) (e.g. 堂上 (not: on the roof!)
      • nadNfigurativeChristian Chinese: superior, belonging to a higher order of things
      • n(adN)the position above the contextually determinate other thing N
      • nfigurativethe leading position (above all)
      • HIGH
        • vadVup to the highest level, to its utmost
        • nabfigurativehighness of musical pitch
        • nadNhigh 上天
        • nadNfigurativebelonging to a superior or higher sphere of reality; belonging to a higher moral sphere
        • n[adN]high [rank]> leading position
        • HEAVEN
          • nabmetaphysicalHeaven
        • SHORE
          • npost-Nplacethe banks of (a river or lake) 沼上 "beside the pond"
        • PAST
          • nabtimein antiquity
        • SUPERIOR
          • v[adN]figurativewhat is of superior quality; what belongs to a higher level
          • nnonreferentialthe leadership; those who are of superior rank, those in high social or political positions;
          • npost-Nsuperior to N
          • v[adN]the best
          • vadNof superior quality; of the superior kind; superior; of higher status
          • vadVfigurativeat the top; at the higher levels of society; from a superior position; towards the higher levels of society; on a high level of culture
          • vibe of the most superior kind, be the supremely important thing
          • vtoNcausativecause to be superior> raise to a superior position
          • vtoNstativebe superior to; show oneself being superior to
          • v[adN]N=humsuperior
          • v[adN]N=humanbetter one(s)
          • NOBLE
            • nab.post-V{NUM}socialleading position, highest leading position; or: person of highest status 無二上
            • nabsocialleading position; also nab.t: superior social position, higher social position
            • nadNnoble, distinguished 上客
            • v[adN]those of high status
            • vtoNattitudinaltreat as most noble> yield the highest position to
            • RULER
              • n(post-N)ruler
              • n[post-N][our] ruler; or: one's ruler(a number of examples must be moved here.
              • nnonreferentialthe leadership, the authorities; one's ruler, the ruler; superiors; persons in high position
              • nsingularthe rulership; HAN DYNASTY: the Emperor
              • npost-Nleader of, senior person among
          • KING
            • ndefiniteHan court language: the Emperor
          • GOD
            • v[adN]The Sovereign on High 上帝
        • figurativeEXCELLENT
          • nadNof higher quality, of superior quality; best
          • vibe best
          • vadVat best, in the best case
          • putative: 上ADMIRE
            • vtoNputativeREGARD AS ELEVATED loan for shàng 尚> put high or highest in one's intellectual hierarchy, exalt, value highly
          • treat as more excellent 上PREFER
            • vtoNgive priority to; set highest
        • figurative>IMPORTANT
          • vadNmost important, central
          • vadVat best, at the most important level
        • causative:HAND UP
          • vtoNsubmit
          • vtoNobject=documentsubmit formally (a document); report on
          • vtoNobject=foodhand up; serve up (food etc)
          • vttoN1(.+N2)hand up the contextually determinate thing N2 to N1
        • active:RISE
          • viactrise up into the air
          • active transitive:ASCEND
            • viprocessgo up
            • vt(oN)climb (the contextually determinate place)
            • vt[oN]go up; move upwards
            • vtoNfigurativego up to > embark on > be involved in
            • vtoNN=placego up (to a certain elevated place); climb up (a tree etc.)
            • vtpostadVdirectiondirectional complement indicating the upwards movement of V 走上
            • vt prep Nascend N
            • viactmove upwards (into the air)
    • compare “up front”:IN FRONT
      • n[post-N]N=armythe front (of an army)