BELOW  底下

PLACE that is LOW IN-RELATION-TO something OTHER.
BENEATHUNDERUNDERNEATHFURTHER DOWN THANLOWER THAN
Antonymy

HIGHABOVE

See also

LOW

Kind Of

PLACE

Old Chinese Criteria

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[ELEVATED/FAMILIAR]

[+FIG/LITERAL]

1. The standard term referring to the relatively low position of something vis-a-vis something else is xià 下 (ant. shàng 上 "above").

[GENERAL]; [[COMMON]]

2. Bēi 卑 (ant. gāo 高 "high, elevated") can refer to what is physically low and therefore possibly or presumbably of lower status. See mainly LOW and HUMBLE

[+FIG]

3. Dǐ 底 "below" (ant. dǐng 頂 "top") was late to emerge as a colloquial competitor.

[FAMILIAR]; [[RARE]]

4. Lù 麓 refers to the foot of a mountain, and the contrast with the many words for mountain summits is striking.

[SPECIFIC]; [[RARE]]

Modern Chinese Criteria

底下

下面

下邊

以下

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • npost-N : 18
  • npost-.N+ZHI : 16
  • nadN : 6
  • n[adN] : 5
  • vpostadV : 5
  • vadV : 3
  • n{PLACE}adV : 2
  • NPpostadV : 2
  • nab : 2
  • vi : 1
  • n[post-N] : 1
  • NP : 1
  • nadV : 1
  • vadV : 1
  • nt(post-N).adS : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 12
  • 祖堂集 : 9
  • 孟子 : 7
  • 春秋左傳 : 6
  • 管子 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 論語 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 記纂淵海 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 臨濟錄 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1
  • 文子 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1
  • 公孫龍子 : 1

Words

   xià OC: ɢraaʔ MC: ɦɣɛ 61 Attributions

The standard term referring to the relatively low position of something vis-a-vis something else is xià 下 (ant. shàng 上 "above"). [GENERAL]; [[COMMON]]

  • viacttake the lower position, maintain the lower position, stay below something else
  • vt+Nfigurativeput (oneself) lower then N, maintain lower status in respect to N
  • n{PLACE}adVbelow
  • n[adN]what is low in the terrain; what is below one
  • nabfigurativelow position; lowness of musical pitch
  • nadNlow, lower
  • nadNfigurativelower > inferior; of the lower world; nether; under one's command
  • nadNfigurativebelow 下民
  • nadVfigurativeat the lower levels
  • npost-.N+ZHIbelow
  • npost-.N+ZHIfigurativeat a lower abstract level
  • npost-Nfigurativefig. below of N (e.g. > among the disciples of N)
  • npost-Ninsideunder (i.e. inside) (the tent etc)
  • npost-Nplacethe lower part; the place below something; low-lying place; the area at the foot of (a mountain)
  • npost-Nfigurativebelow; at the bottom of something; in status: lower
  • nt(post-N).adSbelow the contextually determinate N
  • vadVtextbelow (in the text)
  • vpostadVdirectiondirectional verbal complement: to V in downwards direction
  • vtoNstativebe below N in status
  • vibe directed downwards
  • n[post-N]the position below everthing else
  • n(adN)the place above the contextually determinate N
  • n[adN]what is below> the earth
  • vadVderivedat the lower level; at least 上...下
  • nadNlower
下風   xià fēng OC: ɢraaʔ plum MC: ɦɣɛ puŋ 3 Attributions
  • NPfigurativeunder the ruler's authority
  • NPpostadVpolitefrom my humble position; from his humble position; humbly
低 / 氐   dī OC: tiil MC: tei dī OC: tiil MC: tei 1 Attribution

Dǐ 底 "below" (ant. dǐng 頂 "top") was late to emerge as a colloquial competitor. [FAMILIAR]; [[RARE]] Dǐ 底 "below" (ant. dǐng 頂 "top") was late to emerge as a colloquial competitor. [FAMILIAR]; [[RARE]]

  • vilow (from Han times)
  • vpostadVdirectiondirectional verbal complement: V in downwards direction
   bēi OC: pe MC: piɛ 0 Attributions

Bēi 卑 (ant. gāo 高 "high, elevated") can refer to what is physically low and therefore possibly or presumbably of lower status. See mainly LOW and HUMBLE [+FIG]

       lù OC: b-rooɡ MC: luk 0 Attributions

    Lù 麓 refers to the foot of a mountain, and the contrast with the many words for mountain summits is striking. [SPECIFIC]; [[RARE]]

    • nfoot of a mountain[sometimes specifically refering to forest-areas: LIJI 5; Couvreur 1.320f; Sūn Xīdàn 4.49f; tr. Legge 1.244 山陵、林麓、 Hills and mounds, forests and thickets,]

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: