RISE  上升

MOVE UP.
MOVE UP/UPWARDSCOME UPMAKE ONE'S/ITS WAY UPARISEASCENDCLIMBMOUNTSOAR
Antonym

DESCENDWALK OR MOVE DOWNWARDS.FALLMOVE DOWN PULLED by the FORCE of one's WEIGHT.

Hypernym

MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

Hyponym
  • STAND UP RISE SO AS TO BECOME UPRIGHT.
    Old Chinese Criteria

    1. The most current general word for rising or raising oneself up, or rising to an upright position of any kind is qǐ 起 (ant. jiàng 降 "go down").

    2. Shēng 升 (ant. xià 下 "go down") refers specifically to the rising of something to a higher level, and these levels can be but do not have to be the ranks of a hierarchy.

    3. Jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "be demoted") refers specifically to the rising in the ranks of a hierarchy.

    4. Jìn 晉 is a very formal term referring to the rising of something in the ranks of a hierarchy.

    Modern Chinese Criteria

    上升

    升高

    升起

    升騰

    蒸騰

    騰達

    奮起 refers figuratively to rising in force.

    rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

    • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 10.21

    Attributions by syntactic funtion

    • vi : 18
    • VPi : 7
    • vpostadV : 5
    • vtoN : 4
    • vi-V : 2
    • v[adN] : 1
    • vi : 1
    • vt+prep+N : 1
    • nab : 1
    • VPtoN : 1

    Attributions by text

    • 說苑 : 10
    • 祖堂集 : 8
    • 臨濟錄 : 4
    • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
    • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
    • 史記 : 2
    • 呂氏春秋 : 2
    • 管子 : 2
    • 賢愚經 : 2
    • 晏子春秋 : 1
    • 合陰陽釋文 : 1
    • 韓詩外傳 : 1
    • 論衡 : 1
    • 莊子 : 1
    • 孝經 : 1
    • 孟子 : 1

    Words

       qǐ OC: khɯʔ MC: khɨ 22 Attributions

    The most current general word for rising or raising oneself up, or rising to an upright position of any kind is qǐ 起 (ant. jiàng 降 "go down").

    • nabprocessarisingBUDDH: in the Buddhist context referring to the arising of dharmas (which arise only conditioned by and interdependent on other dharmas)
    • virise (as a cloud etc); rise from one's seat; get up from a sitting or resting position
    • vpostadVdirectionverbal complement indicating an upward movement
    • vpostadVN=abstractverbal complement with abstract N > (take) up (a phrase)
    • vt+prep+Nrise from
    • vtoNcausativecause to rise> wake up
    • viimperativerise up!
    • vi-Vrise up to V
       jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 4 Attributions
    • virise up; (of birds:) rise up into the sky
    • vtoNraise (something) (often of abstract objects); cause (something) to appear or to be felt intensely, etc
    • vtoNN=concreteto lift up, to raise
    避席   bì xí OC: beɡs sɢljaɡ MC: biɛ ziɛk 3 Attributions
    • VPiinchoativeleave the mat one is sitting on and stand up next to it (see XJ 1 for the decisive example which proves that standing up is indeed involved)
       shàng OC: ɡljaŋʔ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
    • viactrise up into the air
    上騰   shàng téng OC: ɡljaŋʔ lɯɯŋ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ dəŋ 2 Attributions
    • VPirise high, rise up
       shù  MC: dzyuX  OC: djoʔ  2 Attributions
    • vifigurativeaesthetically: rise straight up, abruptly
    • viactstand up erect
       shēng OC: qhljɯŋ MC: ɕɨŋ 1 Attribution

    Shēng 升 (ant. xià 下 "go down") refers specifically to the rising of something to a higher level, and these levels can be but do not have to be the ranks of a hierarchy.

    • vichangeneutral: rise in rank
    • v[adN]what rises
       zhàng OC: krlaŋs MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
    • vtoNrise to; swell up to
       jìn OC: tsins MC: tsin 1 Attribution

    Jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "be demoted") refers specifically to the rising in the ranks of a hierarchy.

    • vifigurativerise in rank; make progress in one's career of any kind
    • vtoNcausativecause to rise (a position); raise (the rank of someone)
    舉起   jǔ qǐ OC: klaʔ khɯʔ MC: ki̯ɤ khɨ 1 Attribution
    • VPtoNN=concreteto raise, to lift up
    起立   qǐ lì OC: khɯʔ ɡ-rub MC: khɨ lip 1 Attribution
    • VPiactrise, stand up
    立體   lì tǐ MC: lip thejX OC: ɡ-rub rʰiiʔ 1 Attribution
    • VPiactrise up; stand up
    作 / 作 / 作   zuò OC: tsaaɡs MC: tsuo̝ zuò OC: tsaals MC: tsɑ zuò OC: tsaaɡ MC: tsɑk 0 Attributions
    • viactrise to one's feet
       chū OC: khljud MC: tɕhʷit 0 Attributions
    • vadNrising
    • nabprocessthe rising of
       yóng OC: ŋoŋ MC: ŋi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
    • viact(of fish) rise to the surface to get air
       fèn OC: bɯnʔ MC: bi̯un 0 Attributions
    • vifigurativerise (like a tumulus on a tomb?)??
       jìn OC: tsins MC: tsin 0 Attributions

    Jìn 晉 is a very formal term referring to the rising of something in the ranks of a hierarchy.

    • vichangeformal: rise in rank
       chōng OC: ɡrluŋ MC: ɖuŋ 0 Attributions
    • vtoNrise up towards
       xīng OC: qhɯŋ MC: hɨŋ 0 Attributions
    • viactrise up, rise to one's feet
       téng OC: lɯɯŋ MC: dəŋ 0 Attributions
    • vichangerise higher
    升為   shēng wéi OC: qhljɯŋ ɢʷal MC: ɕɨŋ ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
    • VPifigurativerise in status to as to become
    興為   xīng wéi OC: qhɯŋ ɢʷal MC: hɨŋ ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
    • VPtoNresultativerise so as to become
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • vifigurativeaesthetically: rise straight up, abruptly
       sū MC: su OC: sɡlaa 0 Attributions
    • virise up again

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: