RISE  上升

MOVE UP.
MOVE UP/UPWARDSCOME UPMAKE ONE'S/ITS WAY UPARISEASCENDCLIMBMOUNTSOAR
Taxonoymy

STAND UP

Antonymy

DESCENDFALL

Kind Of

MOVE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for rising or raising oneself up, or rising to an upright position of any kind is qǐ 起 (ant. jiàng 降 "go down").

2. Shēng 升 (ant. xià 下 "go down") refers specifically to the rising of something to a higher level, and these levels can be but do not have to be the ranks of a hierarchy.

3. Jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "be demoted") refers specifically to the rising in the ranks of a hierarchy.

4. Jìn 晉 is a very formal term referring to the rising of something in the ranks of a hierarchy.

Modern Chinese Criteria

上升

升高

升起

升騰

蒸騰

騰達

奮起 refers figuratively to rising in force.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 10.21

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 29
  • VPi : 7
  • vtoN : 5
  • vpostadV : 5
  • vi-V : 2
  • v[adN] : 1
  • vi : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 說苑 : 10
  • 祖堂集 : 8
  • 論語 : 5
  • 臨濟錄 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 春秋左傳 : 3
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 合陰陽釋文 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1

Words

   qǐ OC: khɯʔ MC: khɨ 27 Attributions

The most current general word for rising or raising oneself up, or rising to an upright position of any kind is qǐ 起 (ant. jiàng 降 "go down").

  • nabprocessarisingBUDDH: in the Buddhist context referring to the arising of dharmas (which arise only conditioned by and interdependent on other dharmas)
  • virise (as a cloud etc); rise from one's seat; get up from a sitting or resting position
  • vpostadVdirectionverbal complement indicating an upward movement
  • vpostadVN=abstractverbal complement with abstract N > (take) up (a phrase)
  • vt+prep+Nrise from
  • vtoNcausativecause to rise> wake up
  • viimperativerise up!
  • vi-Vrise up to V
   jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 5 Attributions
  • virise up; (of birds:) rise up into the sky
  • vtoNraise (something) (often of abstract objects); cause (something) to appear or to be felt intensely, etc
  • vtoNN=concreteto lift up, to raise
避席   bì xí OC: beɡs sɢljaɡ MC: biɛ ziɛk 3 Attributions
  • VPiinchoativeleave the mat one is sitting on and stand up next to it (see XJ 1 for the decisive example which proves that standing up is indeed involved)
   shàng OC: ɡljaŋʔ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions
  • viactrise up into the air
作 / 作 / 作   zuò OC: tsaaɡs MC: tsuo̝ zuò OC: tsaals MC: tsɑ zuò OC: tsaaɡ MC: tsɑk 2 Attributions
  • viactrise to one's feet
   shēng OC: qhljɯŋ MC: ɕɨŋ 2 Attributions

Shēng 升 (ant. xià 下 "go down") refers specifically to the rising of something to a higher level, and these levels can be but do not have to be the ranks of a hierarchy.

  • vichangeneutral: rise in rank
  • v[adN]what rises
   xīng OC: qhɯŋ MC: hɨŋ 2 Attributions
  • viactrise up, rise to one's feet
上騰   shàng téng OC: ɡljaŋʔ lɯɯŋ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ dəŋ 2 Attributions
  • VPirise high, rise up
   shù  MC: dzyuX  OC: djoʔ  2 Attributions
  • vifigurativeaesthetically: rise straight up, abruptly
  • viactstand up erect
   fèn OC: bɯnʔ MC: bi̯un 1 Attribution
  • vifigurativerise (like a tumulus on a tomb?)??
   zhàng OC: krlaŋs MC: ʈi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNrise to; swell up to
   jìn OC: tsins MC: tsin 1 Attribution

Jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "be demoted") refers specifically to the rising in the ranks of a hierarchy.

  • vifigurativerise in rank; make progress in one's career of any kind
  • vtoNcausativecause to rise (a position); raise (the rank of someone)
舉起   jǔ qǐ OC: klaʔ khɯʔ MC: ki̯ɤ khɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNN=concreteto raise, to lift up
起立   qǐ lì OC: khɯʔ ɡ-rub MC: khɨ lip 1 Attribution
  • VPiactrise, stand up
立體   lì tǐ MC: lip thejX OC: ɡ-rub rʰiiʔ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactrise up; stand up
   chū OC: khljud MC: tɕhʷit 0 Attributions
  • vadNrising
  • nabprocessthe rising of
   yóng OC: ŋoŋ MC: ŋi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • viact(of fish) rise to the surface to get air
   jìn OC: tsins MC: tsin 0 Attributions

Jìn 晉 is a very formal term referring to the rising of something in the ranks of a hierarchy.

  • vichangeformal: rise in rank
   chōng OC: ɡrluŋ MC: ɖuŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrise up towards
   téng OC: lɯɯŋ MC: dəŋ 0 Attributions
  • vichangerise higher
升為   shēng wéi OC: qhljɯŋ ɢʷal MC: ɕɨŋ ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPifigurativerise in status to as to become
興為   xīng wéi OC: qhɯŋ ɢʷal MC: hɨŋ ɦiɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNresultativerise so as to become
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vifigurativeaesthetically: rise straight up, abruptly
   sū MC: su OC: sɡlaa 0 Attributions
  • virise up again

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: