Taxonomy of meanings for 如:

  • rù (OC: njas MC: ȵiɔ) 人恕切 去 廣韻:【又尒諸切 】
  • rú (OC: nja MC: ȵiɔ) 人諸切 平 廣韻:【而也均也似也謀也往也若也又姓晉中經部魏有陳郡丞馮翊如淳注漢書又虜姓後魏書如羅氏後改爲如氏人諸切八 】
    • RESEMBLE
      • vt[0]oN.postadV堅如石 resemble an N in Vi-ing
      • vt[0]oN1.postadN2N1 compared to subject of VtoN2蓋之如天 resemble an N in Vt-ing: to Vt the object like the like the object of Vt1.
      • vt+V1.postadV2V1 the same way as V2好德如好色 in the same way as
      • vt0oN.postVmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
      • vt0onpro.adS如此則動心否乎?if (circumstances, things) are like npro, then S
      • vtoN.adV如齊慶封弒其君 like
      • vtoN聲亦如味 be like, look like, act like (what) 何如
      • vtoNsubjective於我如浮雲 be like, amount to
      • vtoN1.postadVtoN2N1 compared to N2養民如子 like (comparison being with the V-ing of N2, the object of the preceding transitive verb with the V-ing of N1) 
      • vtoNPab{S}如日月之食焉 resemble a fact, situation or action expressed by a nominalised sentence
      • vtonpro.+NPab{S}如此其VERB
      • vtoS如土委地 resemble a fact, situation or action expressed by a sentence
      • vtoS1.postS2{SUBJ}S1 like S2
      • vt+N.postadV如初, 如故 like (before)
      • vtoN1.postadN2有雲如眾赤鳥 being like N2
      • vtoNbe like that of魯德如邾 be like that of
      • npost-V{NUM}.postadN(then) one might as well
      • vt+V[0]subjectivefeel as if
      • vtoNoptativemay it be like N 亦如之
      • vtoNresemble the conditions under N, be like the situation when N prevails
      • vtoNactact like this
      • vtoN1[.adN2]something like N1, anything like N1
      • vtoSfigurativeit is as if S
      • SUFFIX
        • vpostad:vi.redsuffix for descriptive intransitive verbs
        • vpostadVsuffix for descriptive intransitive verbs
        “in the manner of”
      • act so as to resemble>CONFORM
        • vt[0]oN.postadVV in accordance with N, as in the case of N
        • vtoN.adSaccording to
        • vtoN.adVV according to N
        • vtoNconform to, act in conformity with, act in accordance with; do as in the case of, act as in the case of; act accordingly
        • OBEY
          • vtoNact according to (an order); keep in conformity with
          • SHOULD
            • vt[0]+V[0]one must; one should
            • vt+V[0]should
    • resemble in quality>EQUAL
      • vtoN1.postadVtoN2do N2 just like N1
      • vt(oN)to equal, be a match for some contextually determinate person
      • vtoN.adVto VERB coming up to the standards (of somebody)
      • vtoNactlive up to (standards); be a match for; act on the model on
      • vtoNstativeresemble and come up to the standards of, be as good as; be to as high a degree as
      • create a resemblance>DEPICT
        • vt[oN]make a likeness of things
      • resembling>AS IF
        • vt+V1.postadV2as if V-ingas if 出門如見大賓
        • vtoS.postadVas if LY 祭如神在
        • vt+V1.postadV2as if
        • vt+V(0)be as if one V-s; act as if one V-s; be as if V-ing
        • IF
          • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adSirrealisif (unreal condition)
          • padS1.adS2generalif in general
          • padS1.adS2postposed?only if (subordinated clause comes after the main clause)
          • padS1.adS2specificif by any chance
          • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adSsupposing that it is so; if
          • ppostN{SUBJ} V.adSif N V-s then S
      • similarly>AND
        • padV1.postV2and (contrary to expectations)
      • similarly possible>OR
        • padN1.postN2or (between number phrases)
    • GO TO
      • vtoN.-V[0]go to N in order to V
      • vtoNgo to (a place, typically on some mission of importance); walk up to a person
      • vtoNN=toiletgo to a place, not on any official mission
      • FLEE
        • vtoNgo to some place in flight, flee to