Taxonomy of meanings for 是:

  • shì (OC: ɡljeʔ MC: dʑiɛ) 承紙切 上 廣韻:【是非也説文曰直也又姓吴志云是儀本姓氏孔融嘲之曰氏字民無上乃改爲是焉又虜複姓四氏西魏有開府是云寶後魏書又有是連是婁是賁三氏承紙切十 】
    • SUCH
      • npro.adNN=abstractsuch
      • npro.adNN=concretesuch a (person etc), a (person) such as him
      • npro.adNtimesuch a (month, i.e. a second month of a year)
      • nprosuch abstract (aforementioned) things
      • nproactsuch an (as aforementioned) action, such behaviour
      • nprofactualsuch an (aforementioned) fact; such a state of affairs
      • nprogeneralsuch things (as those just mentioned), such a thing
      • nprohumansuch a person, a person of such a kind
      • npro{PRED}be such; be a paradigmatic example; be a typical case in point; be a relevant example; be a paradigm case
      • npro(adN)such contextually determiante N
      • TRUE
        • nabconceptconcept of right/this
        • nabfactualwhat is considered as correct, what is true
        • nabmetaphysicalfactual correctness
        • vito be correct
        • vt+prep+Nputativetake a positive attitude towards, consider as true
        • vtoNputativeconsider as correct (see ZHUANG)
        • vtoNputative.reflex.自consider (oneself) as right, consider one's own opinions as true
        • declare true>ASSENT
          • vtoNputativedeclare to be right, consider as right, approve (see also APPROPRIATE)
          • vtoNreflexive.自.ownNapprove of (oneself)
          • be commendable>GOOD
            • vadNworthy of assent > good, proper, right
            • vibe good; be the right thing to do
            • make good>CORRECT
              • vibe correct
              • v[adNab]what is correct/right
        • hereby declare true>YES
          • vithis is right; this is so; yes
      • COPULA
        • npro{PRED}copulais this (compare 是也): becomes emphatic postposed copula
        • vt(+N)be the contextually determiate N
        • vt+Nbe
        • vt+N1.+Vt+N2alternativeis it N1 or is it N2?
        • vt+npro.adNintensitiveintensifying copula preceding certain pronouns in adnominal position, sometimes used contrastive: 是我+N1...是你+N2...
        • vt+npro.adVintensitiveintensifying copula preceding certain pronouns, since the intensifying function is often neutralized, 是 is sometimes also regarded as prefix (however, the copula function of 是 is in most cases evident); this function appeared during the Tang(e.g. 是誰,是你,是我,是他,是底,是物)
        • vt+V[0]intensitivebe V-ing, be of the V kind
        • vt+V[0]alternativecopula as marker of an alternative/disjunction question: 是 A 是 B? Is it A or is it B 是一是二?
        • vt+V[0]V=passivebe V-ed
        • vtoNcopulawould be
        • vtoSintensitiveemphatic copula, giving emphasis to a whole sentence: it is surely the case that... (often with emphatic sentence final yě 也)
        • be because>BECAUSE
          • nproanaphoricbe because of such reasons 不知問是也"It is all because they do not know how to ask questions"
          • because of this>THEREFORE
            • npro.adS1:postS2thus, and so; in this way; and so it was that
        • be at issue>MEANING
          • be the one>THIS
            • nabconceptthe "this"
            • npro:post.Vt[COMP]+prepabstractsuch an abstract matter/case
            • npro.adN{NUM}:adnproN=concrete是二者 "these two items"
            • npro.adN{NUM}:adnproN=abstract是三者
            • npro.adN{NUM}N=abstract是二 "these two features"
            • npro.adNN=abstractthis (abstract) N
            • npro.adNN=concretethis above-mentioned N; these above-mentioned Ns
            • npro.adNcataphoricthis N (which will be identified below)
            • npro.adNdeicticthis N (which is present)
            • npro.adV{NUM}+NN=concrete是三臣
            • npro.adV{NUM}+Nab是三端
            • npro{OBJ}+Vt.postN{TOP}contrastivethis aforementioned N; the preceding N (is the one the SUBJECT VERBS) 敗是求 "it is defeat that you have sought"
            • npro{OBJ}+Vtthis (object of the Vt that follows)
            • npro+V{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}contrastiveit is N that PREDs (very much like 實)
            • nproN=abstractthis (particular abstract thing)
            • nproN=concretethis (particular concrete thing)
            • nprocataphoricthe following (i.e. speech etc)
            • npro[.adN]deicticidentifying: this particular person ???
            • nprocopulabe the item(s) referred to (often abstract, typically 者 after main subject); be the items in question 夫國亦有猛狗,用事者是也。 [Contrast SUCH: be a paradigmatic example.]
            • npro1.adV{NUM}+N:adnpro2N=concrete是四國者
            • npro[.adN]time於是,自是"from this time onwards": this time
            • npro.postVtreference=placethis [time]
            • npro(.adNab)anaphoricthis (kind of) Nab
            • npro.adNabtractly deictic: this N which has been implicitly around in the argumentation
            • this very>SAME
              • npro.adNindefinitea certain (same), the same (whatever it is)
              • npro.adNN=timethe same (year); that self-same (day etc)
              • vtoNcopula(in mathematical operations:) be the same as, equals
          • this time>NOW
            • nprotimethis point of time See 於是 於是乎
          • rarely: this place>HERE
            • npro(RARE:) this place
          • this preceding object>OBJECT MARKER
            • npro+Vt.postN{OBJ}this