Taxonomy of meanings for 當:

  • dàng (OC: taaŋs MC: tɑŋ) 丁浪切 去 廣韻:【主當又底也亦音蟷 】
  • dāng (OC: taaŋ MC: tɑŋ) 都郎切 平 廣韻:【敵也直也主也值也亦州本羌地周置同昌郡隋改爲嘉城鎮貞觀中改爲當州蓋取燒當羌以名之又姓也都郎切十一 】
    • da1ngSHOULD
      • vt[0]+V[0]one should (NOTE THAT MANY ATTRIBUTIONS FROM vt+V[0] HAVE TO BE MOVED HERE.)
      • vt+V[0]should appropriately; be due to, be supposed to; be bound to; must; HANSHU 65: ought to (be caned); deserve to; shouldNOTE THAT MANY OF THESE ATTRIBUTIONS HAVE TO BE MOVED TO vt[0]+V[0]
      • vt+V[0]irrealisshould have V-ed
      • grammaticalised>IMPERATIVE MARKER
        • vt[0]+V[0]must now> imperative marker (many of the instances under SHOULD must be moved here and should have been entered here)
      • late: non-deontic>FUTURE
        • vt+V[0]be about to, be going to (sometimes close to DESIRE)
        • vt+V[0]irrealiswould
        • vt+V[0]pastwas about to (indicating near future in the past)
    • as recipient>DESERVE
      • vt+V[0]deserve to (be rewarded or be punished)
      • vtoNdeserve, merit
      • vt(oN)merit the contextually determinate (favorable) treatment N
      • action>CONFORM
        • vt(oN)be in precise accordance with something contextually determinate
        • vtoN.adVbeing in an exact fit with, being in precise accordance with
        • vtoNconform to, correspond to, be in accordance with
        • mutually>EQUAL
          • nan equal, a match
          • vtoNfit exactly; match (with somebody)
          • vtoNpassiveto be matched; be faced successfully
        • causative>CONTROL
          • vtoNtake care of; take responsibility for
          • prohibitive>BLOCK
            • vt(oN)stand in the way of the contextually determinate N
            • vtoN.adVblocking N to V
            • vtoNface in a hostile way
          • causative>GOVERN
            • vtoNbe in charge of (punishments and like); take charge of, take responsibility for (duties that need to be performed)
        • place or time>BE IN
          • vtoN.adVon, at
          • move>APPROACH
            • vt0oN.adSwhen it came to the time of
            • vtoNapproch (a place, or a person from a direction)
            • vt0oN.adSwhen it comes to the subject/topic N
          • towards>DIRECTION
            • vtoNface towards
        • to a role>COPULA
          • vt+V[0]questioncopula marking subsequent interrogative sentences referring to the same topic
          • vt+V{NUM}semantically very weak copula-like verb preceding numerals
          • vtoNcopulaplay the role of, be; function as
          • a guarantee>PAWN
            • npawn
          • serve as>WORK
            • viactbe on guard duty (during the night)
          • intensitive>NECESSARY
            • vt+Sit must be the case that S
          • putative/declarative: believe/declare to be>JUDGE
            • vt+V[0]passiveto be condemned to being V-ed
          • passive>SUFFER
            • vtoNbear the brunt of; face, be exposed to
          • WEAK VERBAL SUFFIX
            • vpostadVverbal suffix (probably used for disyllabication); sometimes categorized as 'structure word' (結構詞) without any meaning, or as suffix/complement/ auxiliary similar to 著); e.g. 記當, 問當 (BIANWEN); in Tang texts 當 can also be added to copula 為, however, the resulting 為當 is restricted in its function to marking alternative questions
        • to price>COST
          • vtoNstativebe worth, fetch (a certain amount of money, or some standard amount of money equivalent)
    • da4ngAPPROPRIATE
      • v[adN]subjectwhat is apposite; what is adequate
      • vadNadequate, justified; positive
      • vibe appropriate; be to the point; be the right thing in the right place
      • vt[oN]actget things right
      • vtoNactadjust oneself properly to; live up to
      • vtoNmiddle voicebe deemed appropriate and right, be deemed adequate
      • vtoNstativematch; correspond to; fit with;
      • vpostadVappropriately, right (as in 君子注錯之當)
      • CORRECT
        • vibe fitting and right, be as it should be
        • nabcorrectness, propriety
        • TRUE
          • nabmetaphysicaltruth
          • vifit the facts, be true; be correct
          • viof personshave things right, be right
          • vtoNbe true to one's word
    • da4ng =??VESSEL PARTS
      • nbottom of a vessel
    • da1ng =璫JADE
      • njade ear pendant (sometimes written 當)
    • da3ng =擋FEND OFF
      • vtoNpassivebe fended off; be withstood
      • action>FIGHT
        • vtoNface in battle; face in battle with hope of success