JUDGE  判罪

DECIDE, as HAVING AUTHORITY, whether someone is GUILTY OR INNOCENT, OR whether an ACCUSATION OR SENTENCE:statement is TRUE OR FALSE.
ADJUDGEPRONOUNCEDECREERULEFIND.TRYHEARADJUDICATEDECIDEGIVE A RULING ONGIVE A VERDICT ON
Taxonoymy

CONVICT

See also

GUILT

Kind Of

DECIDE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general legal term for passing judgement is lùn 論.

2. Dāng 當 is to sit in judgment of a matter and determine guilt.

3. Duàn 斷 is the conclusion of the process of legal investigation.

4. Bào 報 refers to the announcement of the judgment passed.

5. Lǐ 理 refers to the office of the person who is professionally in charge of passing judgment, the judge.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GOVERNMENT/LAW 39.

論,漢代斷獄定罪定刑的通稱;若定極刑,示立行無赦。

當,一般用於定罪,也可用於定刑;若定極刑,可贖、減或赦。

報,判後上報。

Modern Chinese Criteria

判斷

斷定

判定

論斷

判明

蓋棺論定

評理

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 21.16

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 334

ARBITER, IUDEX

33. Varro, IV de Ling. Lat.

]

33. Inter Arbitrum et judicem. Arbiter ex voluntate fit, judex ex lege.

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

JUDEX/JUDICIUM

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 838

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 2.2229

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 11.430

URTEIL

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

arbiter, -tri 'eye-witness; judge' [m. o] (Lex XII+)

Derivatives: arbitrari 'to witness, judge' (P1.+), arbitratus, -us 'decision,

judgement'; arbitrium /arbiterium 'arbitration, settlement' (Lex XII, Cic.+).

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no.300

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms no. 27

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 455

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 146A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 5
  • nab : 5
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 2
  • NP : 1
  • vttoN.+VtoS : 1
  • vtoS : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 7
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   lùn OC: ɡ-ruuns MC: luo̝n 10 Attributions

The general legal term for passing judgement is lùn 論.

  • nabactthe public passing of judgments; the drawing of conclusions
  • nabopinionjudgement, considered opinion
  • vt[oN]to judge
  • vtoNjudge the quality of; pass judgment on; determine guilt and assign punishment
  • vtoNpassivebe judged
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2assess someone determinate N1 as (guilty of being an N2)
   pàn OC: phaans MC: phʷɑn 2 Attributions
  • vtoNpass judgment on
  • vtoSjudge that
   zhān OC: kljem MC: tɕiɛm 1 Attribution
  • vttoN.+VtoSdiagnose (a patient, saying...)
   duàn OC: toons MC: tʷɑn 1 Attribution

Duàn 斷 is the conclusion of the process of legal investigation.

  • vt+prep+Npassivebe imposed by way of judgment on N
  • vtoNdetermine the merits of a case put forward; pass the final judgment
大理   dà lǐ OC: daads ɡ-rɯʔ MC: dɑi lɨ 1 Attribution
  • NPjudge
   wèn OC: mɯns MC: mi̯un 1 Attribution
  • vtoNinvestigate and pass legal judgment on 問死罪
  • vtoNpassivebe judged for N
   yì MC: ngjeH OC: ŋrals 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]= yi4 議: publicly judge others
   zuò OC: sɡools MC: dzʷɑ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivebe condemned See PUNISH
   bào OC: puuɡs MC: pɑu 0 Attributions

Bào 報refers to the announcement of the judgment passed.

  • vt[oN]HF: declare a legal judgment (and report judgment to the higher authorities)
   shì OC: dzrɯʔ MC: ɖʐɨ 0 Attributions
  • nperson in charge of judicial affairs in ancient times (皋陶 is said to have been appointed shì 士 in this sense.
   lǐ OC: ɡ-rɯʔ MC: lɨ 0 Attributions

Lǐ 理refers to the office of the person who is professionally in charge of passing judgment, the judge.

  • v[adN]judge, senior legal official; public prosecutor
   dāng OC: taaŋ MC: tɑŋ 0 Attributions

Dāng 當 is to sit in judgment of a matter.

  • vt+V[0]passiveto be condemned to being V-ed
   yàn OC: ŋranʔ MC: ŋiɛn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNreach a formal decision in a court case
理官   lǐ guān OC: ɡ-rɯʔ koon MC: lɨ kʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • NP{VtoN1(.adN2)}judge
   chǔ OC: khljaʔ MC: tɕhi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpass judgement on; sentence; deal with legally

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: