Taxonomy of meanings for 難:

  • nán (OC: mɢlaan MC: nɑn) 那干切 平 廣韻:【艱也不易稱也又木難珠名其色黃生東夷曹植樂府詩曰珊瑚閒木難又姓百濟人説文作𪇼鳥也本又作𩁢那干切又奴肝切四 】
  • nán (OC: mɢlaan MC: nɑn) 那干切 平 廣韻:【難古文 】
  • nàn (OC: mɢlaans MC: nɑn) 奴案切 去 廣韻:【患也又奴丹切 】
  • nán (OC: mɢlaan MC: nɑn) 那干切 平 廣韻:【難古文 】
  • 難 nán (OC: mɢlaan MC: nɑn) 那干切 平 廣韻:【艱也不易稱也又木難珠名其色黃生東夷曹植樂府詩曰珊瑚閒木難又姓百濟人説文作𪇼鳥也本又作𩁢那干切又奴肝切四 】
    • DIFFICULT
      • nab.post-Nactdifficulty in N
      • nabfactualna4n: difficult point, difficulty; what is difficult; difficult task; difficulties ahead
      • vigradedbe difficult; have difficulty to get anywhere 甚難
      • viinchoativerun into difficulties
      • visubject=humanbe a difficult case (said of persons); have problems
      • vt+prep+NPab{ACT}have difficulties VERBing 難乎有恆
      • vt+V[0]{PASS}be hard to be V-ed
      • vt+V[0]find it difficult to V, have trouble (doing something), have a hard time (doing something), find it hard to; be unlikely to (commit an offence one is bound to be punished for)
      • vt+V[0]omfind it difficult to (do what is topicalised before 難)
      • vtoNputativeregard something as difficult; find something dificult 難之
      • vifigurativebe difficult (i.e. impossible)
      • vt V(0)it is difficult (for one) to V
      • vi0-V{SUBJECT}it is difficult to V
      • putative>WORRY
        • vtoNab{S}be troubled by the prospect of S; be opposed to Nab-ing
      • causative>OPPOSE
        • vtoNcreate difficulties for; impede, oppose the efficacy of
        • vtoNfigurativeraise intellectual objections against
        • vtoNreflexive.自make things difficult for oneself; be hard on oneself
        • REFUTE
          • nabactobjections
          • vadVobjecting (say): 難曰
          • vt[oN]make an objection, make objections
          • vtoNmake objections against, make critical remarks about
        • linguistically>ASK
          • vt[oN]question in a hostile manner; make objections in the form of questions SEE CRITICISE SJ 81/2447嘗與其父奢言兵事,奢不能難,然不謂善。
          • hostile/legal>INTERROGATE
            • vtoNinterrogate (for example a traveller at a border)
        • political>REVOLT
          • nabacta political revolt, political trouble; trouble
  • 難 nàn (OC: mɢlaans MC: nɑn) 奴案切 去 廣韻:【患也又奴丹切 】
    • source>DISASTER
      • nabeventtrouble, problem, difficulties (from the part of the other feudal lords); the difficult point; disastrous consequences [often difficult to distinguish from DIFFICULT]
      • vi0there is disaster, there is political trouble; there will be political difficulties; things will be difficult
      • vtoNputativeregard as particularly troublesome, regard as very worrying
      • nab.post-Neventtrouble from the part of N
      • vipose difficulties, prove problematic; prove disadvantageous; be in trouble, be in dusastrous difficulty
      • nab.post-V{NUM}disasters
      • abstract>PROBLEM
        • nabactproblem, objection raised 解難
        • viactraise difficulties and problems, problematise
        • vt(oN)raise difficult problems about this
        • vtoNraise difficult problems concerning
        • nabpluraldifficulties; complex situations; problems
        • vibe problematic; be hard to understand; be a weird thing to do
      • political>REVOLT
        • nabacta political revolt, political trouble; trouble
  • 難 nán (OC: mɢlaan MC: nɑn) 那干切 平 廣韻:【難古文 】 53