Taxonomy of meanings for 必:

  • bì (OC: piɡ MC: pit) 卑吉切 入 廣韻:【審也然也説文曰分極也从八弋卑吉切二十七 】
    • CERTAIN
      • vadN{{PRED}be certain (to be N)
      • vadVinvariably; (e.g. be knowable) with certainty; reliably, with inevitable reliabilty; (know) for certain; with logical necessity;
      • vibe inevitable, be absolutely predictable, be unavoidable be ineluctable
      • vt+V[0]be sure to V
      • vtoNcausativemake inevitable
      • vtoNputativeconsider as necessary
      • as a consequence>THEN
        • vadS1.post-S2then inevitably, then invariably
        • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adSthen inevitably; then invariably
      • be certainly sure of>KNOW
        • vtoNpassivebe known for certain
        • vtoNPab{S}know for certain whether S
        • vtoSstativeknow for sure that S
    • causative: make certain>FIX
      • vtoNfix with certainty; be sure of; make a definite decision on
      • be psychologically fixed>STUBBORN
        • vibe inflexible; be entirely predictable
      • logically:NECESSITY
        • vadVlogicMO (logically) necessarilyin BUDDH. texts sometimes used in predictions (similar to 當 in this function)
        • vadVwith inner necessity of aesthetics and style
        • morally>SHOULD
          • vt[0]+V[0]it is imperative to V; it is obligatory that one should V
          • vt+V[0]imperative: should certainly; should necessarily; must absolutely
          • vt[0] V(0)you must absolutely
          • definitely be supplied with>NEED
            • v[adN]subjectwhat is necessary, what there is an urgent need for
            • vt+V[0]absolutely need to
            • vtoNdefinitely need; have any real need for
            • vt0oSit is definitely required that S; it is necessary that S
        • declarative:INSIST
          • vt+V[0]insist on Ving
      • temporally:ENDURING
        • vadValways; invariably