APPROXIMATELY  差不多幾ji1

PROBABLY BUT NOT EXACTLY
APPROXIMATELYALMOSTNEARLY(JUST) ABOUTMORE OR LESSPRACTICALLYVIRTUALLYALL BUTAS GOOD ASCLOSE TONEARNOT QUITEROUGHLYNOT FAR FROMFOR ALL INTENTS AND PURPOSESAPPROACHINGBORDERING ONVERGING ONINFORMAL PRETTY NEARPRETTY NEARLYPRETTY MUCHPRETTY WELLLITERARY WELL-NIGHNIGH ON
Kind Of

PROBABLE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for approximation to completeness of action is jī 幾.

2. Dài 殆 (ant. bì 必 "certainly and completely") is very occasionally used to refer to the only approximate completion of an action.

3. Shù jī 庶幾 refers to the approximation to a desirable completing of an action and is always abstract.

Modern Chinese Criteria

幾乎

基本上

將近

幾幾乎

差一點

差點兒

爭點兒

險些

險乎

差不多

差不離

不大離

大同小異 J

相去無幾 J

五十步笑百步

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.43

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

ALMOST

paene is a metalinguistic word weakening the force of what one has said, like "almost".

prope "nearly" indicates proximity to the truth.

fere "about" indicates relative inaccuracy.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadV : 10
  • VPi : 3
  • vtoN : 2
  • vt+prep+Nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 4
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 管子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1

Words

   jī OC: kɯl MC: kɨi 10 Attributions

The current general word for approximation to completeness of action is jī 幾.

  • vadVnearly, almost
  • vtoNobject=numapproach to the amount of
庶幾   shù jī OC: qhljaɡs kɯl MC: ɕi̯ɤ kɨi 3 Attributions

Shù jī 庶幾 refers to the approximation to a desirable completing of an action and is always abstract.

  • VPialmost get there, succeed almost completely
   kě OC: khlaalʔ MC: khɑ 1 Attribution
  • vadVapproximately, roughly
   dài OC: lɯɯʔ MC: dəi 1 Attribution

Dài 殆 (ant. bì 必 "certainly and completely") is very occasionally used to refer to the only approximate completion of an action.

  • vt+prep+Nabbe close to V-ing
  • vadVlate?: nearly, almost
   yuē OC: qplewɡ MC: ʔi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • vadVroughly, approximately
   shàng OC: djaŋs MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vadValmost; nearly;
   suǒ OC: sqraʔ MC: ʂi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • npro.post-Njust about, roughly HS: 父去里所 "after the father had left for about one li's distance"

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: