Taxonomy of meanings for 周:

  • zhōu (OC: tjɯw MC: tɕiu) 職流切 平 廣韻:【周帀也又至也備也徧也密也又姓出汝南廬江尋陽臨川陳留沛國泰山河南等八望夲自周平王子别封汝川人謂之周家因氏焉一云赧王爲秦所滅黜爲庶人百姓稱爲周家因而氏焉魏官氏志獻帝次兄普氏後改爲周氏又漢複姓魏初徴士燉煌周生烈晉武帝中經簿云周生姓烈名職流切十 】
    • CIRCLE
      • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: circumference of a circle. By extension the term may refer to the circumferences of an annulus/ring or circular tube or a segment of sphere. LIU HUI 1.32 故以半周乘半徑而為圓冪 "Therefore with the half of the circumference one multiplies half of the diameter and thus arrives at the area of the circle." (There are plenty of earlier examples.)JIUZHANG 1.33 今有宛田,下周三十步,徑十六步。 "Suppose there is an yuan4 (i.e. segment-of-the-sphere) "field" pattern, its lower circumference is 30 paces, and its diameter is 16 paces."JZ 1.32, Li Chunfeng's comm: 是二六相乘,除周自乘之數 "Thus the product of two and six divides the quantity of the square of the circumference."JIUZHANG 1.37 今有環田,中周九十二步,外周一百二十二步,徑五步。 "Suppose there is a "field" pattern in the shape of a ring, and its inner circumference is 92 paces, its outer circumference is 122 paces, and its diameter is five paces." (NB: The outer circumference is at the outside of the ring, and the inner circumference is at the inside of the ring.)
      • vadVin circles; circulating
      • encircle>SURROUND
        • vtoN
        • in all four directions>EVERYWHERE
          • vadVeverywhere, all over the place, all over the world
          • vt+prep+Npermeate throughout 周於
          • BROAD
            • vifigurativerange widely, range universally; be catholic
          • ALL
            • vad.VtoNobject=週all the objects MO
            • viactcover everything; get through all items
        • surrounding>NEAR
          • vadN
          • npost-N
          • nplacevicinity
          • cause oneself to be near>CONFORM
            • vt+prep+Ncomply consistently with, conform throughout to 周乎
            • vi2fit together
            • perfective:REACH
              • vt+prep+Nreach everywhere
          • various places>TRAVEL
            • vtoNroam through, travel throughout
          • the needy>HELP
            • vtoN=賙 succour, help
          • against everyone>SAFEGUARD
            • vtoNsafeguard against attacks from all directions, guard (a granary); safeguard against all ills