Taxonomy of meanings for 死:

  • sǐ (OC: pliʔ MC: sɯi) 息姊切 上 廣韻:【説文曰澌也人所離也息姊切一 】
    • DIE
      • nabeventdeath, also abstract: the fact of dying; mode of dying
      • nabeventDeath
      • v[adN]nonreferentiala dead person; a person in the state after death (contrast CORPSE)
      • vadNdead; deceased; who has died
      • vadNfigurativedead (as of ashes etc); death-like; indicative of death
      • vadNfigurativerelated to dying (死地: place where dying takes place)
      • vadVafter death to V
      • viactsacrifice/give one's life
      • vichangedie; be about to die
      • vifuturewill die (implicit future)
      • vistativebe dead
      • vpostadVuntil one's death, to death
      • vt(oN)die for the contextually determinate object
      • vt[oN]actchoose to die for one's cause FAYAN 21.1:或死或亡 "some chose death [for a cause],
      • vtoNdie for (a ruler etc); sacrifice one's life in the cause or service of N
      • vtoNcausativecause to die> lead into death
      • vtoNN=murdererdie at the hands of 未知鹿死誰手 "one does not know yet at whose hands the deer will die"
      • vtoNN=abstractdie for (an ideal etc)
      • vtoNobject=occasiondie (on an occasion)
      • vtoNN=placedie at (a place)
      • vtoNsuicidecommit suicide for, sacrifice one's life for
      • vadNfuturedestined to die (or be executed); due to be executed
      • nab[.post-N](my) death
      • vtoNpermissivepermit to die
      • vtoNN=occasion/causedie in the course of (tasks for/service for the king etc); dies as a result of/in the process of (political disorder)
      • viactsacrifice one's life
      • vt+prep+Npassivedie at the hands of N
      • viprocessbe in the process of dying
      • vtoNpassive請死 be killed, be put to death
      • nab(post-N)processone's death
      • vt(oN)fromdie from N (so as to leave N bereaved)
      • visubject=inanimate"die"
      • vtoNdie of N(disease, worry)
      • vadVin death (to have peace of mind etc)
      • vt prep N{PLACE}die in N
      • VPieventapproach death, be close to death
      • viperfectivehas died
      • vtoNderivedpsychological: be prepared to die for a cause N 
      • visuicidecommit suicide
      • vt(oN)commit suicide for the implicit reason N
      • nabpsychologicaldeciding to die, choosing to die
      • vadNcausativee.g. 死病 "mortal illness" mortal, leading to death
      • generalised>END
        • vichange
      • stative>UNCONSCIOUS
        • vadNunconscious
    • causative>KILL
      • vtoNcausativecause to die, put to death
      • vtoNpermissiveallow myself to die
      • vtoNcausativebe killed by ???
      • vadNwhich kills; which causes death
      • metaphorical:INTENSELY
        • vpostadVV to the degree of dying > post(ad)verbial intensifier (compare 殺/煞 in this function)
      • mortal>DANGER
        • vadNdangerous to one's life; likely to lead to one's death; dangerous to one's life; designed for one's death
        • exocentric: braving mortal danger>EFFORT
          • vadVwith the utmost effort, German: unter Einsatz des Lebens
          • RISK DEATH
            • vadNprepared to die, risking death
            • viactrisk one's life
            • vtoNbe prepared to die for; risk death for
            • specifically>FIGHT
              • vifight to the death
      • subject:CORPSE
        • n[adN]corpse, a dead person
      • exocentric: crime punishable by death>CRIME
        • nab.post-V{NUM}mortal crime
        • vadNdeserving of the death penalty
        • nabcrime deserving death
        • nab{PRED}be a matter of death, be cases of the death penalty
      • hence:COLD
        • vadNdead and cold (ashes)
      • metaphorical:ORGASM
        • vichangereach orgasm