Taxonomy of meanings for 及:

  • jí (OC: ɡrɯb MC: ɡɯip) 其立切 入 廣韻:【至也逮也連也辝也其立切七 】
  • jí (OC: ɡrɯb MC: ɡɯip) 其立切 入 廣韻:【及古文 】
    • PURSUE
        • CATCH UP
          • vt(oN)catch up with the contextually determinate object
          • vtoNfigurativecatch up with, reach the same level as, be as strong/good as
          • vtoNperfectivecatch up with (someone whom one is pursuing)
          • vtoNpassivebe caught up with
          • vtoNfigurative"catch up with oneself", come to one's senses?
          • INTENSELY
            • vt+V[0]go so far as to V
          • grammaticalised, resultative??>WITH
            • nabautonymthe word 及
            • vt(+N1.postN2:)adVthe contextually determinate main subject V-s with the contextually determinate secondary subject
            • vtoN.adVhostilewith
            • vtoN.adVinteract衛人及狄盟 N2 V-s, in conjunction/cooperation/interaction with N1 (In the following the first designates joint action, the second interaction: 叔孫豹及諸侯之大夫及陳袁僑盟。 公及楚公子嬰齊、蔡侯、許男、秦右大夫說、宋華元、陳公孫寧、衛孫良夫、鄭公子去疾及齊國之大夫盟于蜀。)
            • vtoN.adVinteractin interaction with (several grammatical objects)
            • vtoN.adVjointlytogether with
            • vtoN.adVjointlywith (followed by an asyndetic list)
            • vtoN.adVN=multipleengage in V together with, or in alliance with all the persons in N1
            • vtoN.adVrelational(in relation) to, with
            • vtoN(.adV)interacting with
            • vtoN1(.postN2):adVinteractthe contextually determinate N2 V-s (together) with N1; the contextually determinate N2 V-s against N1
            • vtoN1(.postN2):adVjointlyjointly with, in cooperation with
            • vtoN1(.postN2):adVhostile(fight a battle etc) with
        • at a place>ARRIVE
          • vt[0]oN.postadVuntil, upto (a place)
          • vt+prep+Nget as far as
          • vt+V[0]figurativeget to the point of V-ing
          • vtoNarrive at (a place); surprisingly often introducing subjectless subordinate temporal clause as a vtadS: (when the subject) got to (a place); get as far as; get close to, get close enough to
          • vtoNfigurativeget to (a predicament) [see REACH]
          • vtoNN=physicalreach physically, get in touch with; get as far as (of physical objects rather than persons)
          • abstract>REACH
            • vt+V[0]go so far as to lead to V-ing
            • vt0oNfigurativeit comes to (oneself)
            • vtoNreach (of non-human agents); go as far as; apply to; happen to
            • vtoNfigurativeextend to, reach; reach up to the level of; reach out to; reach as far back as to the time of
            • vtoNfigurativebe equalled, be caught up with
            • vt0oNN=timeit gets as far as (the time N in the future)
            • vt+prep+Nreach out to, reach as far as
            • vt0oN.adSwhen it came to N
            • vtoNget as far as, reach as far as; get to the place N
            • intellectually>UNDERSTAND
              • vtoNreach up to intellectually, understand (a difficult subject); be well-informed on
            • come up to>EQUAL
              • vtoNbecome equal to in quality, reach the same level of achievements as
              • vtoNpassivebe equalled in excellence or achievement
            • in communication>INTERACT
              • vtoNinteract/collaborate/communicate with
            • grammaticalised: when it comes to>TOPIC MARKER
              • vt0oN.adSwhen it comes to
            • appropriate moment>TIMELY
              • vibe in time (and of avail)
              • vt+V[0]reach; have the time to, be in time to, be in time for
              • grammaticalised: connective>WHEN
                • vt0oN.adSwhen it came to (a certain point in time) 及期"When it came to the appointed time"
                • vt0oNPab{S}.adScontinuativewhen it came to the period when (something happened or was going on)> while (someone was alive)
                • vt0oNPab{S}.adSwhen 及其。。。
                • vt0oS1.adS2when it came to the point that S, by the time that S, at the point when S
              • grammaticalised>UNTIL
                • vt[0]oN.postadVupto, down to (a place) 入及,侵及
                • vt0oN.adSit reaches a time of (so-and-so many years)
                • vt0oN1:post-.Vt'0oN2:.adSuntil (place or time); by the time of CHECK EXAMPLES ETC
                • vt0oS1post.Vt0oS2until
            • new generation>SUCCEED
              • viactget to the important point, succeed in what one should do or is setting out to do
              • vt+V[0]get as far as V-ing, succeed V-ing, manage to V
              • vt+V[0]passiveto be managed to be VERBED: 可及止
              • vtoNget to the point of; come up to, be as good as, reach the same level as
              • vt(+V[0])succeed in doing the contextually determinate thing
            • by coincidence>ENCOUNTER
              • vt[oN]middle voiceencounter adversities ZUO
              • vt+prep+Nmeet (difficulties)
              • vtoNeventencounter (difficulties, adversities etc); incur (punishment)
              • vtoNcausativecause (onself) to encounter disaster
              • what is encountered>HAPPEN
                • vieventcome to pass, ensue, happen
                • vt0oN(things) get to this (often bad) state of affairs; come to (this)
                • vt[0]+V[0]things get as far as
            • abstract, dynamic>INFLUENCE
              • vt+prep+Nhave an influence on
              • vtoNhave an impact on; affect, involve, implicate; have an (often bad) influence on; affect
              • vtoNreflexive.自affect (oneself)
              • vtoNpassivebe influenced