ENCOUNTER  碰到

CONTINGENTLY come to EXPERIENCE.
MEETMEET BY CHANCERUN INTOCOME ACROSS/UPONSTUMBLE ACROSS/ON/UPONCHANCE ON/UPONHAPPEN ON/UPONINFORMAL BUMP INTO
Taxonoymy

MEET

Kind Of

EXPERIENCE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for having once encountered, actively tried or experienced something is cháng 嘗 and this word often feels more like an adverbial particle than a verb of experience.

2. Yù 遇 refers to having been exposed to something (often something positive) by coincidence.

3. Féng 逢 seems to be a dialect word synonymous with yù 遇, a word which it came to replace at later stages of the language as the standard word.

4. Zāo 遭 refers to running into something (often something negative).

5. Fàn 犯 refers to a deliberate encounter and to the facing up to what is encountered with energy and vigour.

6. Lín 臨 refers to facing something with calm dignity and self-control.

Modern Chinese Criteria

碰到

遭受

蒙受

受到

遭遇

遭逢

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 149

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1438

逢,遇,遭,遘

1. WL maintains that fe2ng 逢 refers to face to face contact: 迎面碰見.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 102
  • vt prep N : 15
  • VPtoN : 11
  • vtoNPab{S} : 3
  • NPab : 3
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • VPi : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • nab : 1
  • vtoS : 1
  • NP[adN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 33
  • 論衡 : 22
  • 百喻經 : 13
  • 韓非子 : 10
  • 說苑 : 8
  • 賢愚經 : 8
  • 臨濟錄 : 8
  • 禮記 : 7
  • 荀子 : 6
  • 祖堂集 : 6
  • 史記 : 4
  • 楚辭 : 4
  • 六祖壇經 : 3
  • 論語 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 管子 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 法言 : 1
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 1
  • 文子 : 1

Words

   jí OC: ɡrɯb MC: gip 26 Attributions
  • vt[oN]middle voiceencounter adversities ZUO
  • vt+prep+Nmeet (difficulties)
  • vtoNeventencounter (difficulties, adversities etc); incur (punishment)
  • vtoNcausativecause (onself) to encounter disaster
   yù OC: ŋos MC: ŋi̯o 25 Attributions

Yù 遇 refers to having been exposed to something (often something positive) by coincidence.

  • nabactbeing in the right place at the right time; meeting the right circumstances
  • vt(oN)to meet (a contextually defined person or event)
  • vtoNobject=positiverun into; meet by chance (desirable objects); come across
  • vtoNobject=undesirableencounter (a tiger, time of chaos etc)
   féng OC: boŋ MC: bi̯oŋ 23 Attributions

Féng 逢 seems to be a dialect word synonymous with yù 遇, a word which it came to replace at later stages of the language as the standard word.

  • vtoNobject=negativeencounter (a storm etc)
  • vtoNobject=positivemeet (the right object); be exposed to (the right person, times, etc)
  • vtoNPab{S}encounter the situation S
   zāo OC: tsuu MC: tsɑu 18 Attributions

Zāo 遭 refers to running into something (often something negative).

  • vtoNobject=negativerun into (negative objects)
  • vtoNobject=positiveencounter (something positive)
  • vtoNPab{S}encounter the situation that S
   zhí OC: dɯɡs MC: ɖɨ 11 Attributions
  • vt(oN)run into the contextually determinate N
  • vt+prep+Nencounter
  • vtoNpost-Han: meet, come across
  • vtoSencounter the situation in S
   lín OC: b-rɯm MC: lim 5 Attributions

Lín 臨 refers to facing something with calm dignity and self-control.

  • vtoNmeet, be exposed to
   chù OC: thjoɡ MC: tɕhi̯ok 5 Attributions

Chù 觸 is occasionally used to refer to someone bumping into someone else.

  • vtoNhappen to run into
  • vtoNfigurativeencounter (> be perceived by); meet
遭逢   zāo féng OC: tsuu boŋ MC: tsɑu bi̯oŋ 5 Attributions
  • NPabhappenstance; coincidence
  • VPtoNencounter in some way or other
   jiàn OC: keens MC: ken 4 Attributions

The most current general marker of the passive is jiàn 見 which means literally "be exposed to, face".

  • vt prep Nbe exposed to N
  • vtoNbe faced with; incur
遭遇   zāo yù OC: tsuu ŋos MC: tsɑu ŋi̯o 4 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)encounter the contextually determinate N
  • VPtoNencounter in any way
   zhuó OC: k-laɡ MC: ʈi̯ɐk 3 Attributions
  • vtoNencounter, run into
逢著   féng zhuó OC: boŋ k-laɡ MC: bi̯oŋ ʈi̯ɐk 3 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)meet, encounter (with deleted object)
  • VPtoNmeet, encounter
逢遭   féng zāo OC: boŋ tsuu MC: bi̯oŋ tsɑu 2 Attributions
  • VPirun into things in various ways
  • VPtoNeventrun into in various ways (disasters etc)
嘗 / 嘗甞   cháng OC: djaŋ MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ  OC:  MC:  1 Attribution

The current general word for having once encountered, actively tried or experienced something is cháng 嘗 and this word often feels more like an adverbial particle than a verb of experience. The current general word for having once encountered, actively tried or experienced something is cháng 嘗 and this word often feels more like an adverbial particle than a verb of experience.

  • vtoNTASTE> to experience, to go through
   zhī OC: te MC: ʈiɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNKNOW THE TASTE OF> eat, indulge in the eating of
   shì OC: qljeɡ MC: ɕiɛk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNencounter, run into
值遇   zhí yù OC: dɯɡs ŋos MC: ɖɨ ŋi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcome upon, encounter (in any way??)
逢遇   féng yù OC: boŋ ŋos MC: bi̯oŋ ŋi̯o 1 Attribution
  • NP[adN]N=objwhat one encounters
遇見   yù jiàn OC: ŋos keens MC: ŋi̯o ken 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNhappen to meet, encounter by chance
遭值   zāo zhí OC: tsuu dɯɡs MC: tsɑu ɖɨ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNencounter
遭觸   zāo chù OC: tsuu thjoɡ MC: tsɑu tɕhi̯ok 1 Attribution
  • VPihave an encounter
   lí OC: b-rel MC: liɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNrun into, meet with( See also: SUFFER)
   huò MC: hweak OC: ɢʷreeɡ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe exposed to
   lì 1 Attribution
  • vtoNencounter (in passing)
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNmeet (ZHUANG) Œ� ???
   gòu OC: koos MC: ku 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmeet (YI)
   dé OC: tɯɯɡ MC: tək 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbe exposed to (a treatment or an experience)
   fàn OC: bomʔ MC: bi̯ɐm 0 Attributions

Fàn 犯 refers to a deliberate encounter and to the facing up to what is encountered with energy and vigour.

       jīng OC: keeŋ MC: keŋ 0 Attributions

    NB: Jīng 經 "go through and experience" is post-Han.

         gòu OC: koos MC: ku 0 Attributions
      • vt(oN)meet with, get to meet the contextually determined object
      • vtoNmeet with, get to meet; run into
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • vtoNbe exposed to

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: