Taxonomy of meanings for 食:

  • shí (OC: ɢljɯɡ MC: ʑɨk) 乘力切 入 廣韻:【飲食大戴禮曰食穀者智惠而巧古史考曰古者茹毛飲血燧人鑚火而人始裹肉而燔之曰炮及神農時人方食穀加米干燒石之上而食之及黄帝始有釜甑火食之道成矣又戲名博屬又用也僞也亦姓風俗通云漢有博士食于公河内人乗力切二 】
  • yì (OC: ɡ-lɯɡs MC: jɨ) 羊吏切 去 廣韻:【人名漢有酈食其又音蝕 】
    • EAT
      • nabacteating regime, diet; food consumption
      • nabactact of eating, meal; time of a meal
      • vadNfor eating 食器 "eating utensils"
      • vt(oN)eat the contextually determinate substance
      • vt(oNm)feed on the contextually determinate kind of substances Nm
      • vt[oN]eat food, eat a meal; have a meal
      • vtoNeat; feed on; live on
      • vtoNpassivebe eaten; be eaten up
      • vtoNsubj=nonhumanfeed on, eat (of animals); live on
      • vtoNmdurativefeed on
      • vtpostN{OBJ}feed regularly on N
      • vt+prep+Nfigurativefeed on, live by
      • vt[oN]inchoativestart eating
      • vt(oN)start eating the food/meal offered
      • vtoNperfectiveeat up
      • vt(oN)partlyeat any of
      • vtoNimperativeeat N!
      • specifically>DRINK
        • vtoNdrink; metaphorically: absorb liquid
        • vtt[oN1] prep N2suck [milk] at N2
      • SWALLOW
        • vtoNswallow (also metaphorical in 食言)
        • abstract>ACCEPT
          • vtoNaccept; be open to, be amenable to
        • metaphorical:>CONQUER
          • vtoNZGC: "take" a opposing piece in a game
        • metaphorical, of own statements>DENY
          • vtoNdeny 食言 "deny one's earlier statements"
    • metonymy: object>FOOD
      • nmNote that Lù Démíng reads this meaning as sì in several places of 經典釋文: provisions; food supply; staple food; food for general sustenance while at home; (e.g. beg for) something to eat; food supplies; fodder (e.g. for horses)
      • nmfigurative(spiritual) nourishment
      • nmabstractedibles
      • eaten on one occasion>MEAL
        • nmain meal
        • festive occasion>FEAST
          • viactconduct a formal ritual dinner
          • nabeventfeast
          • vtoNtreat to a formal dinner
      • concrete>RICE
        • nmrice
      • action>BITE
        • vtoNbite and injure
        • VPtoNresultativebite
      • generally>RECEIVE
        • vtoNreceive and enjoy (a salary or an income); eat habitually, live on; live by
        • general>USE
            • resultative>RELY ON
              • vtoNrely on for a living, live on
              • action>EARN
                • vt+prep+Nearn a salary in accordance with
            • object>SALARY
              • nnonreferentiallivelihood; level of income, salary in general, on the basis of which one survives; living standards
              • viactdraw a salary
        • =蝕 metaphorical>ECLIPSE
          • nabeventsolar or lunar eclipse
      • si4 飼 derivation by tone change, marked causative:FEED
        • vtt N1 prep N2N1=recipientgive N1 to eat N2; feed N1 with N2
        • vtoNcausativefeed; serve a meal to
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