DRINK  

EAT LIQUID.
SWALLOWGULP DOWNQUAFFGUZZLEIMBIBESIPCONSUMEINFORMAL SWIGDOWNKNOCK BACKPUT AWAYSWILLCHUG
Taxonoymy

DRUNKSUCKTOAST

Kind Of

EAT

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The dominant word for imbibing any liquid, alcoholic or non-alcoholic is yǐn 飲.

2. Shāng 觴 "to poculate, to drink on formal occasions" is a highly formal word referring always to the festive consumption of alcohol.

3. Jiào 釂 is a very rare formal word for drinking alcohol.

4. Chuò 啜 refers to slurping noisily and with gastronomic appreciation..

5. Xī 吸 refers to quiet sipping of any liquids.

6. Shòu 壽 refers specifically to drinking the health of an honoured person in his presence, and this involves consumption of alcohol.

7. Chuò 歠 is a poetic word for drinking alcohol.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

FOOD 8. 進食液體物。

飲,通稱。

啜,帶品味地小口吸飲。

吸,對密度較小的液體用力急飲。

吮,用力從他物中持續吸飲。

呷,吸飲,中古出現的口語詞。

歃,盟會時飲牲血。

喝,元代口語,後成為口語中吸飲的通稱。

Modern Chinese Criteria

喝酒

飲用

啜 / 歃

啜飲

吸 refers to sucking or sipping in and is marginal in the series.

一口飲干

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 5.13

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 474©

BIBERE ore hasto potu interiora humectare. Si guttim, dicitur Sugere (pitissare). si infusim, Potare; si attractu spiritus, Sorbere; si lingua exserta, lambere.

DIFFERENTIAE I De differentiis 206

74. In Codice Regiovaticano 1838, in quo Differentiae aliquando copiosiores sunt, quam in Excusis, id ita refertur: Inter bibere et potare: bibimus necessitate, potamus voluntate; alii dicunt: Bibere naturae est, potare luxuriae. [AREV.]

]

74. Inter Bibere et potare. Bibere naturae est, potare luxuriae.

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DRINK

bibere refers to drinking in the style of a human.

potare refers to drinking in the style of a beast.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 109 and 278

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

DE VAAN 2008 Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages

bibo, -ere 'to drink' [v. Ill; pf. bibl, ppp. bibitum] (Andr.+)

Derivatives: bibosus 'addicted to drink' (Lab.+), bibulus 'fond of drinking,

absorbent' (Lucr.+); adbibere 'to drink in' (P1.+), combibere 'to absorb' (Cato+),

combibo 'drinking-companion' (Lucil.+), ebibere 'to drink up, swallow' (P1-+),

perbibere 'to drink deeply, absorb' (P1.+).

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 47
  • nm : 7
  • vt[oN] : 7
  • nab : 6
  • vt+prep+N : 3
  • vi : 3
  • VPi : 2
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • vt(oNm) : 1
  • vtt[oN1] prep N2 : 1
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 16
  • 春秋左傳 : 7
  • 戰國策 : 6
  • 說苑 : 6
  • 莊子 : 5
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 論語 : 4
  • 祖堂集 : 4
  • 山海經 : 3
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 晏子春秋 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 史記 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 管子 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 荀子 : 1

Words

   yǐn OC: qrɯmʔ MC: ʔim 51 Attributions

The dominant word for imbibing any liquid, alcoholic or non-alcoholic is yǐn 飲.

  • nabactdrinking
  • nmbeverage, drinkable liquid
  • vadNdesigned for drinking
  • viactpropose a toast [CHANGE SYNONYM GROUP TO "GREET, SALUTE"]
  • vt(oN)drink the contextually determinate Nm; drink from Nm
  • vt[oN]drink alcohol
  • vt+prep+Ndrink from
  • vtoNdrink; drink from
  • vtoNcausativeserve wine to a contextually determinate person
  • vtoNfigurative(figuratively) drink> be exposed to 飲恨
  • vt(oNm)drink the Nm (e.g. not: drink wine, but: drink the wine in question)
  • vt[oN]inchoativestart to drink wine
  • vtoNcausativepassive or middle voice: be drunk to
   jiǔ OC: skluʔ MC: tsɨu 7 Attributions
  • nabactthe drinking of a toast, a toast; the consumption of wine; wine-drinking
  • vt[oN]poculate, drink wine
  • vtoNdrink
   chuò OC: thjod MC: tɕhiɛt 4 Attributions

Chuò 啜 refers to slurping noisily and with gastronomic appreciation.

  • vt[oN]slurp; drink
  • vt+prep+Ndrink from
  • vtoNslurp, sip unceremoniously; MENG 4A25: have something (not necessarily anything distinguished) to drink to quell one's thirst
   chī OC: kheeɡ MC: khek 4 Attributions
  • vt(oN)drink (a contextually determinate N)
  • vtoNdrink
   chuò OC: thjod MC: tɕhiɛt 3 Attributions

Chuò 歠 is a poetic word for drinking alcohol.

  • vtoNto drink; swill
   xī OC: hŋrɯb MC: hip 2 Attributions

Xī 吸 refers to quiet sipping of any liquids.

  • vtoNpoetic: suck in, sip carefully
   shāng OC: lʰaŋ MC: ɕi̯ɐŋ 2 Attributions

Shāng 觴 "to poculate, to drink on formal occasions" is a highly formal word referring always to the festive consumption of alcohol.

  • vt[oN]poculate; drink alcohol
  • vtoNtreat to a drinking party; regale with food and wine
飲醉   yǐn zuì OC: qrɯmʔ skuds MC: ʔim tsi 2 Attributions
  • VPiresultativedrink oneself drunk
   cuì OC: skhuuds MC: tshuo̝i 1 Attribution
  • vtoNsip, drink; taste
   tà OC: kh-luub MC: thəp 1 Attribution
  • vtoNto drink; gulp down
   yìn OC: lins MC: jin 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]to sip; to drink; to rinse to mouth with wine
   jiào OC: tsewɡs MC: tsiɛu 1 Attribution

Jiào 釂 is a very rare formal word for drinking alcohol.

  • viactdrink up alcohol
   shí OC: ɢljɯɡ MC: ʑɨk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdrink; metaphorically: absorb liquid
  • vtt[oN1] prep N2suck [milk] at N2
   rǔ OC: njoʔ MC: ȵi̯o 0 Attributions
  • vt[oN]suckle milk (from mother's breast)
   xiā OC: qhraab MC: hɣap 0 Attributions
  • vtoNsip
   shòu OC: djuʔ MC: dʑɨu 0 Attributions

Shòu 壽 refers specifically to drinking the health of an honoured person in his presence, and this involves consumption of alcohol.

       shà OC: sqreeb MC: ʂɣɛp 0 Attributions
    • vtoNdrink a small amount of sacrificial blood as part of a ceremony for a formal contract
       jì OC: kɯls MC: kɨi 0 Attributions
    • nmLIJI, acc to Zheng Xuan: stimulating drink after a bath
        OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
      酒闌   jiǔ lán OC: skluʔ ɡ-raan MC: tsɨu lɑn 0 Attributions
      • VPiactdrink until the wine runs out; have drunk to one's satisfaction; have drunk enough alcohol

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: