BITE  

CUT into something USING ONE'S TEETH.
SINK ONE'S TEETH INTOCHEWMUNCHCRUNCHCHOMPTEAR ATSNAP AT
Taxonoymy

CHEW

Kind Of

CUT

Old Chinese Criteria

[[COMMON/RARE]]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[HABITUAL/OCCASIONAL]

NB: Curiously, none of the words for "to bite" are particularly common in ancient Chinese literature.

1. Hé 齕 is a general word for biting, especially by dogs, and this word is not used adjectivally for "snappy, snappish".

[GENERAL]

2. Shì 噬 and refers to any person or animal biting into anything, also for dogs being prone to bite, snappy.

[HABITUAL!]

3. Zhuó 啄 is the pecking (or biting) of birds.

[SPECIFIC]

4. Yǎo 咬 refers very occasionally to the noise of gnashing one's teeth and the word is only mentioned in this group because by Tang times it came to mean "bite".

[SPECIFIC]; [[RARE+]]

5. Niè 齧/囓 is occasionally used to refer to the biting by a dog.

[[RARE]]

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

ANIMALS 32.

嚙,大小動物咬的通稱。

螫,有毒蟲蛇的刺咬。

蜇,螫的口語詞。

噬,猛獸咬;中古亦指爬蟲咬。

咥,虎咬。

食,常指禽獸咬傷人或蚊蟲等刺吸人血。

Modern Chinese Criteria

叮咬

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 4.58

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 33
  • vt[oN] : 5
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vadN : 3

Attributions by text

  • 論衡 : 7
  • 韓非子 : 5
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 毛詩 : 4
  • 戰國策 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 淮南子 : 3
  • 記纂淵海 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 楚辭 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 春秋左傳 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1

Words

   zhuó OC: rtooɡ MC: ʈɣɔk 16 Attributions

Zhuó 啄 is the biting or pecking of birds.

  • vt[oN]peck at things, eat
  • vtoNpeck at (in order to eat)
  • vtoNfigurativepick faults with, "nibble at", attack
   shì OC: djads MC: dʑiɛi 8 Attributions

Shì 噬 and refers to any person or animal biting into anything. [HABITUAL!]

  • vadNbiting, prone to biting; German: bissig
  • vt[oN]bite
  • vtoNZUO Ai 12: bite (of rabies-mad dog biting man)
   hé OC: ɡɯɯd MC: ɦuot 7 Attributions

Hé 齕 is a rare general words for biting.

  • vtoNHF: bite (of dog biting man etc); bite off
  • vtoNreflexive.自bite (oneself)
   niè OC: ŋɡeed MC: ŋet 3 Attributions

Hé 齕 and the late niè 齧/囓 are rare general words for biting.

  • vt[oN]eat
  • vtoNbite, to crunch with the teeth
    OC:  MC:  2 Attributions

niè

  • vtoNbite; gnaw 毒蛇嚙指
咬 / 咬齩   yǎo OC: ŋɡreewʔ MC: ŋɣɛu  OC:  MC:  1 Attribution

Yǎo 咬 refers to gnawing on something or gnashing one's teeth. Yǎo 咬 refers to gnawing on something or gnashing one's teeth.

  • vtoNbite
  • vignash one's teeth; make the sound of gnashing teeth
   jiáo OC: dzewɡ MC: dzi̯ɐk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbite into (See CHEW)
  • vtoNgnash (teeth)
   yá OC: ŋɡraa MC: ŋɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbite 相牙 "bite each other"
   shí OC: ɢljɯɡ MC: ʑɨk 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativebite
   shì OC: djads MC: dʑiɛi 1 Attribution

nièshì

  • VPtoNbite (in all sorts of ways???)
螫殺   shì shā OC: qjaɡ sreed MC: ɕiɛk ʂɣɛt 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassiveget bitten to death
   qián MC: gjem OC: ɡram 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpinch
   duàn MC: twanH OC: toons 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbite through, bite off
   chì OC: kh-liɡ MC: ʈhit 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbite (of a tiger) (Yijing)
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions

Hé 齕 and the late niè 齧/囓 are rare general words for biting.

  • vtoNpost-Han, HOUHANSHU: bite (as snake biting through a rope)
   shí OC: ɢljɯɡ MC: ʑɨk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNbite and injure
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNpinch

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: