PURSUE  追趕

FOLLOW so as to TRY to REACH OR CATCH.
FOLLOWRUN AFTERCHASEHUNTSTALKTRACKTRAILSHADOWHOUNDCOURSEINFORMAL TAIL
Antonymy

AVOID

Kind Of

FOLLOW

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general word for pursuing something or going after something in a hostile way, driving what is pursued before one, competing with it for speed, is zhú 逐 and the word can only very occasionally refer to abstract pursuits like that of wisdom, as in the venatio sapientiae of Nicolas Cusanus. It is significant that the word currently means "to expel", where expelling and chasing are not always easy to distinguish.

2. Zhuī 追 refers to the attempt of catching up with anything, characteristically a kòu 寇 "enemy" or thief (who may not know he is being pursued) but without any attending notion that what is being caught up with is NECESSARILY trying to escape or to make great speed, and the word is regularly used in figurative derived meanings "to seek", as in zhuī lì 追利 "chasing after profit".

3. Suǒ 索 emphasises the seeking aspect in the pursuit of something or someone.

4. Jí 及 and the rarer dài 逮 refer to a successful pursuit. See CATCH UP

5. Qū 驅 suggests a hot and fast pursuit typically uncrowned by success.

Modern Chinese Criteria

追趕

追逐

追逼

尾追

你追我趕

迎頭趕上

奮起直追

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 10.53

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 180

MENGZI TONGYI 2002 “孟子”同義詞研究 312

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1432

追,逐

1. WL claims that at the earliest stage zhu2 逐 refers to the pursuit of wild beasts. The reference, here, should be specifically to Jiaguwen, becasuse the one occurrence in the old part of SHU refers to human objects, and the word does not come in SHI. Moreover, in ZUO, what is pursued by way of animals is very little indeed: fish, dogs and the like, and very little of the bovines, boar, tigers and the like the prevail throughout Jiaguwen. This kind of discontinuity of usage is quite interesting.

HONG CHENGYU 2009 古漢語常用詞同義詞詞典 319

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 124
  • vt(oN) : 4
  • vadV : 4
  • VPt(oN) : 4
  • vt[oN] : 3
  • VPtoN : 2
  • vt+N.adV : 1
  • vpostadV : 1
  • nab : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • VPi : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 67
  • 韓非子 : 19
  • 百喻經 : 7
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 管子 : 4
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 楚辭 : 4
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 朱子語類 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 文選 : 1
  • 鮑氏集 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   zhuī OC: krlul MC: ʈi 58 Attributions

Zhuī 追 refers to the attempt of catching up with anything, characteristically a kòu 寇 "enemy" or thief (who may not know he is being pursued) but without any attending notion that what is being caught up with is NECESSARILY trying to escape or to make great speed, and the word is regularly used in figurative derived meanings "to seek", as in zhuī lì 追利 "chasing after profit".

  • vadVfigurativegoing after the dead> posthumously; retrospectively 追錫之
  • vt(oN)pursue the contextually determinate object
  • vt(oN)figurativepursue the contextually determinate object
  • vt[oN]engage in pursuit, try to find things
  • vtoNfriendlypursue with friendly or at least peacefully competitive intentions
  • vtoNhostilego after, pursue, try to catch up with (and perhaps catch)
  • vtoNN=placefollow (behind) in pursuit
  • vt(oN)friendlygo after
  • vt(oN)hostilepursue a determinate person
   zhú OC: rlɯwɡ MC: ɖuk 52 Attributions

The current general word for pursuing something or going after something in a hostile way, driving what is pursued before one, competing with it for speed, is zhú 逐 and the word can only very occasionally refer to abstract pursuits like that of wisdom, as in the venatio sapientiae of Nicolas Cusanus. It is significant that the word currently means "to expel", where expelling and chasing are not always easy to distinguish.

  • vt(oN)pursue the contextually determinate objects
  • vt+N.adVto V something N by N,
  • vt+prep+Nfigurativebe in pursuit of (wisdom etc)
  • vtoNfigurativepursue, chase after
  • vtoNN=humanpursue; chase; hunt after; hunt for (also abstractly: wisdom); engage in a private hunt of
  • vtoNN=nonhugo after, chase (deer or fish etc); go in search of (something to eat etc)
  • vt[oN]pursue things
  • vtoNpassivefigurative: be successfully pursued> be equalled, be parallelled
   cóng OC: dzoŋ MC: dzi̯oŋ 12 Attributions
  • vtoNpursue (somebody or something); go after someone in order to find or retrieve him
   suǒ OC: saaɡ MC: sɑk 6 Attributions

Suǒ 索 emphasises the seeking aspect in the pursuit of something or someone.

  • nabactthe pursuing of people with the aim of arresting them
  • vtoNseek to arrest, conduct a search for (a person, in order to arrest or consult him/her);
    OC:  MC:  3 Attributions
  • vtoNpursue, go after, follow up; avenge
   chí OC: rlal MC: ɖiɛ 3 Attributions
  • vtoNrace after, pursue
   chèn OC: kh-lɯns MC: ʈhin 2 Attributions
  • vpostadVV while persuing somebody
  • vtoNpursue[CA]
   qū OC: kho MC: khi̯o 2 Attributions

Qū 驅 suggests a hot and fast pursuit typically uncrowned by success.

  • vtoNrace after, transferred sense: chase after (verbal skills)
追求   zhuī qiú OC: krlul ɡu MC: ʈi gɨu 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)pursue the contextually determinate object
  • VPtoNpursue
尋逐   xún zhú OC: ljum rlɯwɡ MC: zim ɖuk 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)pursue the contextually determinate N
後逐   hòu zhú OC: ɡooʔ rlɯwɡ MC: ɦu ɖuk 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)run after
追逐   zhuī zhú OC: krlul rlɯwɡ MC: ʈi ɖuk 1 Attribution
  • VPifigurativepursue things, engage in chasing things
逐捕   zhú bǔ OC: rlɯwɡ baas MC: ɖuk buo̝ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativepursue so as to catch
逐走   zhú zǒu OC: rlɯwɡ tsooʔ MC: ɖuk tsu 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)run after a contextually determinate object N
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)pursue
   jí OC: ɡrɯb MC: gip 0 Attributions

Jí 及 and the rarer dài 逮 refer to a successful pursuit. See CATCH UP

       dài OC: ɡ-lɯɯds MC: dəi 0 Attributions

    Jí 及 and the rarer dài 逮 refer to a successful pursuit. See CATCH UP

         chéng OC: ɢjɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNchase after; pursue

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: