ARREST  逮捕

CATCH and in so doing OBEY a COMMAND of a GOVERNMENT, a LAW, OR a SUPERIOR
APPREHENDTAKE INTO CUSTODYTAKE PRISONERIMPRISONINCARCERATEDETAINJAILPUT IN JAIL
Antonymy

RELEASE

Kind Of

CATCH

Old Chinese Criteria

[CIVIL/MILITARY]

[DIFFICULT/EASY]

[DRAMATIC/UNDRAMATIC]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[INFORMAL/OFFICIAL]

[LASTING/TRANSITORY]

1. The current general word for arresting someone or apprehending him for any reason whatever is zhí 執 (ant. shì 釋 "set free"), but this term typically has a rather bureaucratic flavour.

[CIVIL], [OFFICIAL]

2. Qín 擒 (ant zòng 縱 "let loose") refers in somewhat dramatic terms to managing to apprehend a person who might be trying to escape, often to taking a distinguished prisoner in military contexts.

[DRAMATIC]

3. Bǔ 捕 refers specifically to catching a criminal, sometimes to the catching of a common criminal. See also CATCH.

[CIVIL], [OFFICIAL]

4. Huò 獲 typically refers to managing to capture a person who is trying to escape or who is difficult to catch.

[DIFFICULT], [DRAMATIC]

5. Fú 俘 and lǔ 虜 refer bureaucratically and neutrally to taking prisoners of war.

[LASTING], [MILITARY]

6. Qiú 囚 (ant. shì 釋 "set free") refers specifically to detaining and imprisoning a person in a public prison.

[LASTING], [OFFICIAL], [SPECIFIC]

7. Jū 拘 is occasionally used as a bureaucratic term for holding someone legal detention.

[CIVIL], [LASTING], [OFFICIAL]

8. Dài 逮 refers specifically to the official apprehending or arresting of a presumed culprit.

[CIVIL], [OFFICIAL]

Modern Chinese Criteria

逮捕 is the current modern word for arresting a person.

拘捕

緝捕

搜捕

追捕

捉拿

捉住

捕拿

緝拿

通緝

first rough draft to identify synonym group members for future analysis, based on CL. 18.11.2003. CH/

Old Chinese Contrasts

1. Some words refer primarily to prisoners of war (fú 俘, huò 獲, qín 擒 lǔ 虜 ), others refer to the arresting of criminal culprits (qiú 囚, jū 拘, zhí3 執, dài 逮 ), some can be used both for prisoners of war and for criminals (bǔ 捕 ).

2. some words refer not only to the arresting, but focus on subsequent detention (qiú 囚, jū 拘 ).

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 236

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 121

arest

arestovyvat'

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1439

逮,捕,捉

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 190
  • nab : 11
  • vt(oN) : 7
  • VPt(oN) : 5
  • VPtoN : 3
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • NPab.t : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 108
  • 史記 : 38
  • 韓非子 : 27
  • 管子 : 9
  • 鹽鐵論 : 5
  • 戰國策 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 韓詩外傳 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 新論-漢-桓譚 : 2
  • 列子 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1

Words

   zhí OC: tjib MC: tɕip 46 Attributions

The current general word for arresting someone or apprehending him for any reason whatever is zhí 執 (ant. shì 釋 "set free"), but this term typically has a rather bureaucratic flavour. [CIVIL], [OFFICIAL]

  • nabactarrestation
  • vtoNpassivebe arrested, be apprehended
  • vtoNperfectivedetain; take prisoner; iussive: have someone detained, apprehended; get hold of (not necessarily for detention, but only for questioning etc)
   qiú OC: lju MC: zɨu 26 Attributions

Qiú 囚 (ant. shì 釋 "set free") refers specifically to detaining and imprisoning a person in a public prison. [LASTING], [OFFICIAL], [SPECIFIC]

  • vtoNpassivebe arrested and detained in prison; become a prisoner
  • vtoNperfectiveimprison, incarcerate; iussive: have (someone) imprisoned/incarcerated 魯囚之
  • vtoNcontinuouskeep in prison
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe held prisoner
   bǔ OC: baas MC: buo̝ 25 Attributions

Bǔ 捕 refers specifically to catching a criminal, sometimes to the catching of a common criminal. See also CATCH. [CIVIL], [OFFICIAL]

  • vt(oN)arrest a contextually determinate person.
  • vtoNpassivebe detained
  • vtoNperfectivedetain, arrest; capture, catch (e.g. a criminal)
   huò OC: ɢʷreeɡ MC: ɦɣɛk 24 Attributions

Huò 獲 typically refers to managing to capture a person who is trying to escape or who is difficult to catch. [DIFFICULT], [DRAMATIC]

  • nabactthe capturing (and possibly killing, of someone)
  • vtoNN=humancapture, take prisoner; manage to catch (and possibly kill)
  • vtoNpassivebe captured
擒 / 禽   qín OC: ɡrɯm MC: gim qín OC: ɡrɯm MC: gim 23 Attributions

Qín 擒 (ant. zòng 縱 "let loose") refers in somewhat dramatic terms to managing to apprehend a person who might be trying to escape, often to taking a distinguished prisoner in military contexts. [DRAMATIC] Qín 擒 (ant. zòng 縱 "let loose") refers in somewhat dramatic terms to managing to apprehend a person who might be trying to escape, often to taking a distinguished prisoner in military contexts. [DRAMATIC]

  • vtoN=擒 capture (an animal in chase); take prisoner (a person in war)
  • vtoNpassivebe captured 為禽
   lǔ OC: ɡ-raaʔ MC: luo̝ 16 Attributions

Fú 俘 and lǔ 虜 refer bureaucratically and neutrally to taking prisoners of war. [LASTING], [MILITARY]

  • nabactbeing taken prisoner; arrestation as prisoner [This is an occasional usage, but perhaps it is worth recording and classifying]
  • vt[oN]take prisoners
  • vtoNpassivebe taken prisoner
  • vtoNperfectivetake prisoner
   zhǐ OC: kljɯʔ MC: tɕɨ 12 Attributions
  • nabactdetainment; arrestation
  • vtoNmiddle voiceget detained; be taken prisoner; get captured
  • vtoNdetain, arrest [note incidentally the similarity of semantic derivation "arrest" and 止!!!]
   jū OC: ko MC: ki̯o 11 Attributions

Jū 拘 is occasionally used as a bureaucratic term for holding someone legal detention. [CIVIL], [LASTING], [OFFICIAL]

  • vtoNpassivebe arrested
  • vtoNperfectivedetain
  • vtoNcausativehave (oneself) arrested
繫 / 係   xì OC: ɡeeɡs MC: ɦei xì OC: keeɡs MC: kei 8 Attributions
  • vtoNpassivebe tied up and arrested, be tied up and imprisoned
  • vtoNtie up and arrest, tie up and imprison
  • nabactarrest, arrestation
   fú OC: pho MC: phi̯o 6 Attributions

Fú 俘 and lǔ 虜 refer bureaucratically and neutrally to taking prisoners of war. [LASTING], [MILITARY]

  • vt(oN)take prisoner
  • vtoNperfectivetake prisoner
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2continuouskeep (someone N1) imprisoned at (a place N2) 俘諸江南
   xì OC: keeɡs MC: kei 4 Attributions
  • nabeventarrestation
  • vtoNtie up and arrest (sometimes as prisoner, also said of animals)
   yè OC: k-laɡ MC: jiɛk 3 Attributions
  • vtoNSHUOWEN: take by the armpit> detain
捕得   bǔ dé OC: baas tɯɯɡ MC: buo̝ tək 3 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)resultativeapprehend so as to get > arrest
  • vtoNpassivebe arrested
  • VPtoNarrest somebody
捉得   zhuō dé OC: tsrooɡ tɯɯɡ MC: ʈʂɣɔk tək 3 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)resultativearrest the contextually determinate person
   dài OC: ɡ-lɯɯds MC: dəi 2 Attributions

Dài 逮 refers specifically to the official apprehending or arresting of a presumed culprit. [CIVIL], [OFFICIAL]

  • vt(oN)arrest a determinate person
  • vtoNpassiveget caught
  • vtoNperfectivecatch up with and apprehend, capture
   yǔ OC: ŋaʔ MC: ŋi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNimprison
   jū OC: sko MC: tsi̯o 1 Attribution
  • vtoNarrest
係虜   xì lǔ OC: keeɡs ɡ-raaʔ MC: kei luo̝ 1 Attribution
  • NPab.tactarrestation
得囚   dé qiú OC: tɯɯɡ lju MC: tək zɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe taken prisoner (in war)
獲虜   huò lǔ OC: ɢʷreeɡ ɡ-raaʔ MC: ɦɣɛk luo̝ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe captured so as to be taken prisoner> be taken prisoner
逮捕   dài bǔ OC: ɡ-lɯɯds baas MC: dəi buo̝ 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)arrest a determinate person
   tí MC: -- OC: ɡ-lee 1 Attribution
  • vtoNarrest
   zhí OC: tib MC: ʈip 0 Attributions
  • vtoNimprison
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNarrest

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: