RELEASE  釋放

PERMIT to LEAVE OR to MOVE FREELY.
FREESET FREELET GO/OUTALLOW TO LEAVELIBERATESET AT LIBERTYHISTORICAL MANUMIT
Antonym

ARRESTCATCH

Hypernym

PERMIT -> ADDRESS -> SPEAK -> ACT -> MOVE -> CHANGE -> EVENT -> REALITY -> EXIST -> BE IN -> RELATION -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general word for setting an animal or a person free is shì 釋 (ant. shōu 收 "hold prisoner").

2. Zòng 縱 (ant. yuē 約 "restrain") is to give free reins to someone or something that is under constraint with the expectation that this feedom will be used freely and enthusiastically.

3. Sì 肆 (ant. jié 節 "restrain, moderate") refers to giving free rein to psychological tendencies and the like, thus going beyond what are natural societal expectations.

4. Chū 出 (ant. liú 留 "keep in retention") is a colourless term referring to letting someone out of an enclosure, typically prison.

5. Miǎn 免 (ant. jiū 究 "hold definitely responsible for crimes") refers specifically to an act of mercy involving a decision to set someone free who is available for criminal prosecution for a crime assumed committed.

6. Fàng 放 (ant. liǎn 斂 "exert a moderating influence on") refers to a removal of constraints on animals or persons, causing these to follow their natural instincts.

Modern Chinese Criteria

釋放

開釋

假釋

保釋

獲釋

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 11.34

  • 東漢﹣隨常用詞演變研究 ( WANG WEIHUI 2000) p. 234

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 74
  • vadV : 3
  • vttoN.+V[0] : 2
  • VPt(oN) : 2
  • vttoN1. N2 : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2 : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1
  • VPtoN : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 29
  • 韓非子 : 19
  • 戰國策 : 5
  • 臨濟錄 : 5
  • 孟子 : 4
  • 祖堂集 : 4
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 論語 : 2
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 論衡 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 荀子 : 1
  • 記纂淵海 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

捨 / 舍   shě OC: lʰaʔ MC: ɕɣɛ shě OC: lʰaʔ MC: ɕɣɛ 15 Attributions
  • vtoNlet go, set free; let off; leave alone
   bì OC: brals MC: biɛ 13 Attributions
  • vtoNread pī: let down (hair)
   fàng OC: paŋs MC: pi̯ɐŋ 12 Attributions

Fàng 放 (ant. liǎn 斂 "exert a moderating influence on") refers to a removal of constraints on animals or persons, causing these to follow their natural instincts.

  • vt(oN)figurativeto give up, to let go of (an idea)
  • vtoNset free, give free rein to; take off
  • vtoNfigurativerelease (light) > emit
  • vtoNpassivebe given free rein
  • vttoN.+V[0]send N off to V
  • vttoN1. N2set N1 free in the place N2
   shì OC: lʰaɡ MC: ɕiɛk 10 Attributions

The most current general word for setting an animal or a person free is shì 釋 (ant. shōu 收 "hold prisoner").

  • vtoNset free, let loose; let off, fail to prosecute, let go free (dissolve)
  • DELETEfigurativeset free; dissolve
   zòng OC: tsoŋs MC: tsi̯oŋ 6 Attributions

Zòng 縱 (ant. yuē 約 "restrain") is to give free reins to someone or something that is under constraint with the expectation that this feedom will be used freely and enthusiastically.

  • vtoNset free; let off
  • vtoNpassivebe set free 不可縱
  • vttoN.+V[0]pivotgive (someone) the freedom (to V)
   miǎn OC: mronʔ MC: miɛn 4 Attributions

Miǎn 免 (ant. jiū 究 "hold definitely responsible for crimes") refers specifically to an act of mercy involving a decision to set someone free who is available for criminal prosecution for a crime assumed committed.

  • vtoNcausativedecide not to prosecute (someone who has committed a crime); decide not to pursue
   shī OC: lʰiɡ MC: ɕit 4 Attributions
  • vtoNlet go scot free
  • vtoNpassivebe lost; be lost control of; be let go unpunished
   rén OC: njɯm MC: ȵim 3 Attributions
  • vadVreleased > freely, unrestrained, as one pleases
  • vtoNgive free rein to (Shangjunshu)
   chuì OC: khljuds MC: tɕhi 3 Attributions

Chuì 出 (ant. liú 留 "keep in retention") is a colourless term referring to letting someone out of an enclosure, typically prison.

  • vtoNfree from imprisonment, set free
   jiě OC: kreeʔ MC: kɣɛ 3 Attributions
  • vt+V[0]passiveto be set free (from an uncomfortable state of V-ing)
  • vtoNlet loose
  • vtoNpassiveget released
   yì OC: lid MC: jit 3 Attributions
  • vtoNset free
  • vtoNpermissiveallow to go free
   chí OC: lʰelʔ MC: ɕiɛ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNturn loose (a wild animal), let go, let off
  • vtt(oN1.)+prep+N2release the contextually determinate N1 from N2
   jié OC: dzeed MC: dzen 2 Attributions
  • vtoNunyoke, untie (horses yoked to one's carriage)
托開   tuō kāi OC: ph-laaɡ khɯɯl MC: thɑk khəi 2 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)release, let go of
   fù OC: buɡ MC: buk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNexempt from taxes (see Zhang Jue on HF 17.3.1ff)
   róu OC: mlju MC: ȵɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbe lenient towards and not insist on punishment
   chú OC: rla MC: ɖi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNexempt from taxes
出放   chū fàng OC: khljud paŋs MC: tɕhʷit pi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativelet out so as to set free
   shuì OC: lʰods MC: ɕiɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrelease
   sì OC: plils MC: si 0 Attributions

Sì 肆 (ant. jié 節 "restrain, moderate") refers to giving free rein to psychological tendencies and the like, thus going beyond what are natural societal expectations.

  • vtoNgive free rein to (desires etc)
   shì OC: lʰebs MC: ɕiɛi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNrelease HANSHU: 良久,乃貰之 "after a long time he released him"
散放   sàn fàng OC: sqaans paŋs MC: sɑn pi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoN1.adN2passivereleased
釋放   shì fàng OC: lʰaɡ paŋs MC: ɕiɛk pi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • NPabpassiverelease (from prison etc)
  • vtoNpassivebe released

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: