GUILT  犯罪感罪/愆

RESPONSIBILITY FOR an AVOIDABLE PAST BAD ACT of one's own.
CULPABILITYGUILTINESSBLAMEWORTHINESSWRONGDOINGWRONGCRIMINALITYMISCONDUCTSIN
Taxonoymy

GUILTY

Antonymy

INNOCENT

See also

MISTAKECRIMEWICKEDSINJUDGE

Kind Of

RESPONSIBILITY

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The dominant standard general word for any kind of guilt, large or small, is zuì 罪 (ant. gōng 功 "merit"), but this does not refer to any feelings of guilt; the general term for feelings of guilt is jiù 疚 REGRET.

2. Qiān 愆, (sometimes written qiān 騫 ) refers to slight guilt or responsibility for a mistake.

3. Yóu 尤 refers to the blame one suffers for a misdeed.

For zéi 賊, a dramatic derogatory term referring to abject villainy, see VILLAIN.

Modern Chinese Criteria

罪感 translates the Western notion of guilt.

犯罪感 is an expanded and perhaps slightly more common translation.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 16.76

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 21.35

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

GUILT

culpa refers to guilt as the state of one who as a rational being is responsible fro an offense of any kind.

noxia is the state of one who has caused an offense for which he is not necessarily criminally responsible.

vitium refers to an action or even a qujality in aperson which is taken to deserve censure, and the word may even refer to an undeserved defect.

GUILTY

nocens indicates plain guilt without any judgment on character.

noxius and the poetic nocuus refer to the personal character of someone who is prone to incur guilt.

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

CULPA

Mel'cuk 1984 Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian 196ff

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 353

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 10.598

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 8.1442

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

SIN AND GUILT

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 146A

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • nab : 41
  • VP[adN] : 12
  • v[adN] : 9
  • VPi : 7
  • VPi : 3
  • vadN : 3
  • vi : 3
  • NPab : 3
  • nab.post-N : 1
  • VPt+prep+N : 1
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 22
  • 春秋左傳 : 22
  • 說苑 : 9
  • 孟子 : 6
  • 莊子 : 3
  • 論語 : 3
  • 六祖壇經 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 呂氏春秋 : 2
  • 太平經 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   zuì OC: sbuulʔ MC: dzuo̝i 48 Attributions
  • nabmoralcriminal guilt; criminal responsibility; 獄決罪定
  • nabspiritualguilt; moral fault
  • v[adN]nonreferentialone who is guilty of a crime; culprits
  • vadNcriminal (rebellion); guilty (prisoner)
  • vibe guilty of a crime
  • vtoNputativehold guilty of (death) 罪死
  • nab(post-N)socialthe guilt of the contextually determinate person
  • nab.post-NmoralN's moral mistake, N's criminal responsibility, N's fault
有罪   yǒu zuì OC: ɢʷɯʔ sbuulʔ MC: ɦɨu dzuo̝i 18 Attributions
  • VP[adN]those who are guilty; the one who is guilty, the culprit
  • VPibe guilty
  • VPievent: turn out to be guilty; prove guilty of a crime
  • VPt+prep+Nhave committed a crime against, be guilty of a crime against
   sǐ OC: pliʔ MC: si 4 Attributions
  • v[adN]nonreferentialsomeone guilty of death
  • vibe guilty of death, deserve death
  • vadNdeserving death
有過   yǒu guò OC: ɢʷɯʔ klools MC: ɦɨu kʷɑ 4 Attributions
  • VP[adN]nonreferentialcultprit; person who has committed a transgression or a mistake
  • VPibe guilty, be at fault
   yóu OC: ɢʷɯ MC: ɦɨu 3 Attributions
  • nabactSHI 54: SHI 204 blameworthy points, faults; mistakes 亡尤
   xíng OC: ɡeeŋ MC: ɦeŋ 2 Attributions
  • v[adN]passivesomeone guilty of physical punishment through mutilation etc.
罪咎   zuì jiù OC: sbuulʔ ɡlɯwʔ MC: dzuo̝i gɨu 2 Attributions
  • NPabsocialguilt;
   jiù OC: ɡlɯwʔ MC: gɨu 1 Attribution
  • nabpsychfeeling of guilt, remorse, self-reproof
   fá OC: bod MC: bi̯ɐt 1 Attribution
  • v[adN]pluralthose who deserve punishment of fining
罪釁   zuì xìn OC: sbuulʔ qhrɯns MC: dzuo̝i hin 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeatureprofound guilt
   qiān OC: khran MC: khiɛn 0 Attributions
  • nabfeaturefault, mistake
  • vibe at fault, be guilty of a mistake
   qiān OC: khran MC: khiɛn 0 Attributions
  • nabactguilt

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: