DANGER  危險

SITUATION BELIEVED to CONTAIN POSSIBLE SOON:imminent DAMAGE to one.
PERILHAZARDRISKJEOPARDYPERILOUSNESSRISKINESSPRECARIOUSNESSUNCERTAINTYINSTABILITYINSECURITYMENACEHAZARDTHREATRISKINFORMAL DEATH TRAPWIDOW-MAKER
Antonym

SAFE

Hypernym

SITUATION -> RELATION -> FEATURE -> OBJECT -> PRIME -> N/A

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current standard general word for real objective as well as perceived imminent danger is wēi 危 (ant. ān 安 "peace").

2. Dài 殆 is primarily perceived danger.

3. Xiǎn 險 (ant. yí 夷 "plain and accessible without presenting dangers" and píng 平 "level") is primarily objective physical danger because of difficult terrain.

4. È 厄 is a stylistically very elevated word referring to objective danger.

Modern Chinese Criteria

危險 is the standard modern word for danger.

危難 focusses on the difficulty posed by danger.

險事 refers to a difficult mattter.

危險物 refers to dangerous goods and is marginal in the series.

危急

危亡

危殆

懸乎

險惡

凶險

驚險

艱危

險象環生

岌岌可危

千鈞一髮

一髮千鈞

間不容髮

厝火積薪

救火揚沸

危如累卵

累卵之危

燕巢幕上

搖搖欲墜

盲人瞎馬

深入虎穴

朝不保夕

危如朝露

危在旦夕

生死攸關

生死存亡

魚游釜中

委肉虎蹊

如臨深淵

如履薄冰

虎尾春冰

抱虎枕蛟

虎口拔牙

引狼入室

人人自危

飲鴆止渴

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 16.54

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 344

  • “荀子”單音節形容詞同義關係研究 ( HUANG XIAODONG 2003) p. 162

  • 古代文化詞異集類辨考 Gudai wenhua ci yi ji lei bian kao ( HUANG JINGUI 1995) p. 30

  • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

    PERICULUM

  • Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie ( RITTER 1971-2007) p. 8.1046

    RISIKO

  • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 59B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 66
  • vtoN : 47
  • nab : 27
  • vadN : 14
  • VPi : 13
  • NPab : 6
  • vt+V[0] : 4
  • vi0 : 4
  • VPadN : 2
  • VPadV : 2
  • v[adN] : 1
  • n[adN] : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vadV : 1
  • vtoNPab{S} : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 73
  • 荀子 : 13
  • 春秋左傳 : 13
  • 戰國策 : 12
  • 說苑 : 9
  • 論語 : 8
  • 呂氏春秋 : 8
  • 莊子 : 8
  • 管子 : 5
  • 孟子 : 5
  • 韓詩外傳 : 5
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 4
  • 史記 : 4
  • 楚辭 : 3
  • 禮記 : 2
  • 墨子 : 2
  • 孫子 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 孝經 : 2
  • 妙法蓮華經 : 2
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 列子 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   wēi OC: ŋɡrol MC: ŋiɛ 126 Attributions

The current standard general word for real objective as well as perceived imminent danger is wēi 危 (ant. ān 安 "peace").

  • nabstativeimminent peril, danger; state of danger; precariousness
  • vadNfraught with grave danger, doomed to disaster (as a state), endangered
  • vibe in a precarious state; be fraught with danger, be doomed to imminent disaster; be endangered; to risk danger
  • vichangeget into danger, become endagered
  • vigradedbecome (more and more) dangerous
  • vi0there is danger
  • vt+prep+Ncausativeendanger oneself in N
  • vt+V[0]run the danger of; be in danger of
  • vt+V[0]causativecause one to be in danger of V-ing; take risks in V-ing
  • vtoNexpose oneself dangerously to 危於; be in danger of V-ing (CHANGE TO vt+V)
  • vtoNcausativeexpose (someone or something) to danger; to put in danger, endanger; to jeopardise; to pose a danger for
  • vtoNcausativereflexive cause (oneself) to be endangered
  • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to be in danger 危己
  • vtoNcausativeendanger (oneself)
  • vtoNputativeconsider as dangerous; consider to be in danger
  • vtoNputative.reflex.自consider (oneself) to be in danger
  • vtoNPab{S}be exposed to the danger that ??CHECK??
  • vtoNactrun the danger of, risk the danger of
  • v[adN]dangerous place
  • vadNconcreteunsafe, unsteady
   dài OC: lɯɯʔ MC: dəi 18 Attributions

Dài 殆 is primarily perceived danger.

  • nabfactualHF 8.8.35 impending, possible personal danger
  • vadNdangerous, deleterious
  • vicausativecause danger
  • vichangeget into danger
  • vigradedbe in (serious) personal danger; be in serious danger 甚殆
  • vipsychfeel insecure; be flustered
  • vtoNHF 4.1.2: expose (one's person) to danger; be hazardous for, pose a danger for
  • vtoNdeclarativedeclare (something) dangerous
  • vtoNpassivefeel endangered by
   xiǎn OC: qhromʔ MC: hiɛm 13 Attributions

Xiǎn 險 (ant. yí 夷 "plain and accessible without presenting dangers" and píng 平 "level") is primarily objective physical danger because of difficult terrain.

  • vt+prep+Nabgradedbe more dangerous than
  • nabfactualdangerous situation
  • vadNdangerous to pass; dangerous
  • vadVdangerously; riskily
  • vibe dangerous
  • vigradedbe more dangerous than
  • vtoNcausativeendanger
  • n[adN]dangerous territory
危殆   wēi dài OC: ŋɡrol lɯɯʔ MC: ŋiɛ dəi 9 Attributions
  • NPabstativestate of grave danger; a highly dangerous constellation
  • VPadNhighly dangerous, really dangerous
  • VPiintensitivebe in (grave?) danger, be highly dangerous
危亡   wēi wáng OC: ŋɡrol maŋ MC: ŋiɛ mi̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions
  • VPibe in serious danger of being ruined; get into danger or get ruined
  • NPabdanger and consequent ruin
   sǐ OC: pliʔ MC: si 3 Attributions
  • vadNdangerous to one's life; likely to lead to one's death; dangerous to one's life; designed for one's death
危害   wēi hài OC: ŋɡrol ɡaads MC: ŋiɛ ɦɑi 3 Attributions
  • VPibe conducive to danger and material harm
  • vtoNpassivebe endangered
  • VPibe afflicted by danger and material harm
厄 / 厄阨   è OC: qreeɡ MC: ʔɣɛk  OC:  MC:  2 Attributions

È 厄 is a stylistically very elevated word referring to objective danger. È 厄 is a stylistically very elevated word referring to objective danger.

  • nabfactualgrave danger
  • nabstativeextremely difficult or unbearable situation
  • virare, CC: in difficulty; CC: danger, difficulty
   jī OC: kɯl MC: kɨi 2 Attributions
  • vibe in a dangerous condition
  • nabdangerous stage
兇險   xiōng xiǎn OC: qhoŋ qhromʔ MC: hi̯oŋ hiɛm 2 Attributions
  • VPadVvery dangerously, taking high risks
   jí OC: ŋɡrɯb MC: ŋip 1 Attribution
  • vibe on the brink of disaster
   qiào OC: smʰewɡs MC: tshiɛu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativemetaphorically: make dangerous and threatening
危難   wēi nàn OC: ŋɡrol mɢlaans MC: ŋiɛ nɑn 1 Attribution
  • NPabeventa danger or difficulty
   qióng OC: ɡʷɯŋ MC: guŋ 1 Attribution

èqióng

  • VPichangeto get into extremely difficult and unbearable situation
險易   xiǎn yì OC: qhromʔ leeɡs MC: hiɛm jiɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturerelative danger or accessibility (of terrain)
險隘   xiǎn ài OC: qhromʔ qreeɡs MC: hiɛm ʔɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPibe fraught with danger; lead to danger
亂危   luàn wēi  MC: lwanH ngjwe  OC: ɡ-roons ŋɡrol  1 Attribution
  • VPadNrevolutionary and risky
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNput in danger
   yán OC: k-lem MC: jiɛm 0 Attributions
  • vibe in danger
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPadNrevolutionary and risky

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: