DESPISE  輕視

SOCIAL-EMOTION: FEEL that a THING OR a HUMAN is UNIMPORTANT AND BAD IN-RELATION-TO what he/she/it SHOULD be OR what one is ONESELF.*Contempt by the despiser X for the despisee Y because of something despicable Z.
CONTEMPTDETESTHATELOATHEABHOREXECRATEDEPLOREDISLIKESCORNDISDAINLOOK DOWN ONDERIDESNEER ATREVILESPURNSHUNFORMAL ABOMINATE
Taxonoymy

CYNICISM

Antonymy

ADMIRERESPECT

See also

PROUD

Kind Of

SOCIAL EMOTION

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most widely used general word for contempt is qīng 輕 (ant. zhòng 重 "rate as important"), and the word typically describes an attitude based on a critical judgment. See also UNIMPORTANT

2. Yì 易 (ant. zhòng 重 "treat as important") focusses on the subjective failure to take someone or something seriously and does not necessarily involve a critical judgment.

3. Bēi 卑 (ant. zūn 尊 "venerate as distinguished") refers to regarding a person as characterised by his or her low social standing.

4. Jiàn 賤 (guì 貴 "hold in high esteem" and jìng 敬 "respect") are to regard someone as vulgar, and typically as of slight moral worth.

5. Hòu 後 (ant. xiān 先 "put first") is to fail to show proper respect for someone.

6. Xiǎo 小 and shǎo 少 (ant. duō 多 "rate highly") expresses a negative judgment on the significance of a person or thing.

7. Ào 傲 adds the nuance of arrogance to the notion of contempt.

8. Miè 蔑 "to regard someone with no respect" describes a purely psychological attitude.

9.Mà4n 慢 refers to a demonstrative failure to show proper respect for someone.

10. Dú 瀆 refers to a disrespectful attitude or disregard for someone or something.

Modern Chinese Criteria

輕視

蔑視

鄙視

藐視

小視

小看

小瞧

看輕

鄙薄

鄙夷

鄙棄

鄙視

唾棄

吐棄

輕蔑

侮蔑

不齒

菲薄

睥睨

傲睨

看不起

瞧不起

不屑一顧

睨而視之

嗤之以鼻

視如敝屣

文人相輕

低估

歧視

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

DESPISE

spernere is "to reject" as unworthy of one's attention or pursuit.

despicere refers to looking upon something with contempt so as to disregard it.

fastidire refers to a strong disdain or scorn which leads one to disregard something, and this is normally by a natural inclination, an antipathy.

temnere refers to a refusal to take something seriously or to regard it as important.

contemnere refers to a determined, explicit and insistent refusal to take something seriusly or to regard it as important.

aspernari refers to a rejection of something with contempt.

negligere refers to a plain careless failure or refusal to pay attention to something or to take account of something.

recusare refers to an explicit declaration of an unwillingness to take someting seriously or to take it into account.

DUFOUR 1910 Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques 47

LANGIUS 1631 Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum

CONTEMPTUS

Mel'cuk I Dictionnaire explicatif et combinatoire du francais contemporain, vol. I 129

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 11.563

VERACHTUNG

GRACE ZHANG 2010 Using Chinese Synonyms 305

TENG SHOU-HSIN 1996 Chinese Synonyms Usage Dictionary 42

FRANKE 1989 Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung 5OA

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 98
  • VPtoN : 3
  • nab : 2
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • vt(oN.)-p : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • vt+V[0] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 37
  • 春秋左傳 : 25
  • 荀子 : 7
  • 管子 : 6
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 典論一卷 : 3
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 3
  • 禮記 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 韓詩外傳 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 論語 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1

Words

   jiàn OC: dzens MC: dziɛn 17 Attributions

Jiàn 賤 (guì 貴 "hold in high esteem" and jìng 敬 "respect") are to regard someone as vulgar, and typically as of slight moral worth.

  • vt(oN)putativehold the contextually determinate object in low esteem
  • nabactdisrespect (undergone by someone)
  • vt+V[0]putativeconsider it as vulgar to V
  • vtoNdeclarativedeclare to be morally inferior
  • vtoNputativehold in low esteem; think nothing of; hold in contempt
輕 / 輕   qìng OC: kheŋs MC: khiɛŋ qīng OC: kheŋ MC: khiɛŋ 15 Attributions

The most widely used general word for contempt is qīng 輕 (ant. zhòng 重 "rate as important"), and the word typically describes an attitude based on a critical judgment. See also UNIMPORTANT The most widely used general word for contempt is qīng 輕 (ant. zhòng 重 "rate as important"), and the word typically describes an attitude based on a critical judgment. See also UNIMPORTANT

  • vtoNputativemake light of; think little of; be not afraid of; to slight, hold in disrespect, to fail to show the proper respect for (the law etc)
  • vtoNpassivebe despised
   yì OC: leeɡs MC: jiɛ 13 Attributions

Yì 易 (ant. zhòng 重 "treat as important") focusses on the subjective failure to take someone or something seriously and does not necessarily involve a critical judgment.

  • vtoNattitudinalmake light of others, not take them seriously; underestimate; despise; make light of something, fail to take something seriously
  • vtoNpassivebe regarded as unimportant; be trifled with
   hòu OC: ɡooʔ MC: ɦu 10 Attributions

Hòu 後 (ant. xiān 先 "put first") is to fail to show proper respect for someone.

  • vtoNput last, give lowest priority to; deemphasise
   bēi OC: pe MC: piɛ 9 Attributions

Bēi 卑 (ant. zūn 尊 "venerate as distinguished") refers to regarding a person as characterised by his or her low social standing.

  • nabactdisrespect, contempt
  • vtoNpassiveget despised; be held in low esteem
  • vtoNputativeregard as vulgar or base (See also HUMBLE); perhaps also: treat as base
   shǎo OC: hmljewʔ MC: ɕiɛu 9 Attributions
  • vtoNpsychdespise (oneself)
  • vtoNputativederived think of as incompetent or ignorant, or in other ways insufficient; belittle
   dú OC: ɡ-looɡ MC: duk 8 Attributions

Dú 瀆 refers to a disrespectful attitude or disregard for someone or something.

  • vtoNattitudinaltreat without proper respect
  • vtoNpassivefail to be held in proper respect
   xiá OC: ɡraab MC: ɦɣap 4 Attributions
  • vtoNattitudinaltreat with contempt; treat without special respect
   miè OC: meed MC: met 4 Attributions

Miè 蔑 "to regard someone with no respect" describes a purely psychological attitude.

  • vtoNshow no respect for the value or dignity of
  • vt(oN.)-pbe full of contempt for N
   xià OC: ɢraas MC: ɦɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNhave no respect for the value of
   niè OC: ŋred MC: ŋiɛt 2 Attributions
  • vtoNpsychtreat with disdain; treat as unworthy
   zuǒ OC: skaalʔ MC: tsɑ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNdisapprove
   biǎn OC: promʔ MC: piɛm 2 Attributions
  • vtoNpsychdespise; declare to be of low value
輕忽   qīng hū OC: kheŋ hmɯɯd MC: khiɛŋ huot 2 Attributions
  • VPtoNdespise, look down upon
   ào OC: ŋoows MC: ŋɑu 1 Attribution

Ào 傲 adds the nuance of arrogance to the notion of contempt. See also ARROGANT.

  • vtoNproudly disregard SHANGJUNSHU 傲死 "proudly disregard".
   jiā OC: kraal MC: kɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNimpose one's unjustified authority on, do down, humiliate
   xiǎo OC: smewʔ MC: siɛu 1 Attribution

Xiǎo 小 and shǎo 少 (ant. duō 多"rate highly") expresses a negative judgment on the significance of a person or thing.

  • vtoNputativeexperience as small, find small; regard as small and insignificant
   xì OC: snɯɯs MC: sei 1 Attribution
  • vtoNputativeconsider to be trifling/of no importance> despise
   báo OC: baaɡ MC: bɑk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNputativeregard as slight> despise
   bǐ OC: prɯʔ MC: pi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNputativeregard as unworthy of respect; regard as unworthy of one's attention;
卑賤   bēi jiàn OC: pe dzens MC: piɛ dziɛn 1 Attribution
  • NPabpassivebe despised and held in low esteem
惡見   è jiàn OC: qaaɡ keens MC: ʔɑk ken 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)regard as ugly, despise as ugly the contextually determiante object
  • VPtoNdespise as ugly; regard as ugly
暴蔑   bào miè OC: boowɡs meed MC: bɑu met 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNdespise violently, show reckless disrespect for
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNto despise; to slight
   màn OC: mroons MC: mɣan 0 Attributions

Mà4n 慢 refers to a demonstrative failure to show proper respect for someone.

  • vtoNputativedepise; regard with contempt (ZUO)
   miè OC: meed MC: met 0 Attributions
  • vtoNdespise
   huà OC: ɢʷreeɡs MC: ɦɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNtreat somebody without respect (?)
   lòu OC: roos MC: lu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNputativeregard as vulgar ??[CA]
蔑侮   miè wǔ OC: meed moʔ MC: met mi̯o 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNattitudinaltreat with disrespect and insult
望 / 望   wàng OC: maŋs MC: mi̯ɐŋ (wáng) OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNshow disdain for
   wēi OC: mɯl MC: mɨi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNlook down upon as being of no significance whatsoever

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: