APPOINT to CAUSE TO BECOME a MORE NOBLE OFFICIAL.
DEMOTEDISMISS so as to COMMAND to BECOME of MORE HUMBLE RANK.
APPOINTEMPLOY so as to CAUSE TO BECOME a SENIOR OFFICIAL. -> EMPLOYCOMMAND to ACT:do PAID WORK FOR ONESELF. -> COMMANDADDRESS someone, USING AUTHORITY, INTENDING to CAUSE that person to ACT RESEMBLE:as one INTENDS him to ACT. -> ADDRESSSPEAK OR WRITE INTENDING ANOTHER TO HEAR OR READ AND TO REACT to IT. -> SPEAKACT so as to USE WORDS FOR SHOWING MEANING.*Speech by speaker X, directed towards audience Y, in order to communicate message Z. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A
SUPPORTHELP so as to CAUSE NOT to FALL OR so as to CAUSE to FLOURISH.
Old Chinese Criteria
1. The specific general term for bureaucratic promotion is the not very common zhuó 擢 (ant. chù 黜 "demote").
2. The most current general-use words for raising the status of someone are jǔ 舉 (ant. jiàng 降 "lower the rank of") and jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "demote").
3. Bá 拔 (ant. miǎn 免 "dismiss without necessarily removing from the hierarchy altogether") and qiān 遷 (ant. chū 出 "remove and transfer to a lower position") are standard bureaucratic terms for promotion in office.
4. Chāo 超 refers specifically to raising someone by more than one level at the time, and this bureaucratic term became current in Han times.
HUANG JINGUI 2006
22. BE PROMOTED
陟，表示升職，常與 “ 黜 ” 等反義或同義連用。
Modern Chinese Criteria
rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH ／
Attributions by syntactic funtion
Attributions by text
- 說苑 : 30
- 論衡 : 5
- 呂氏春秋 : 4
- 管子 : 2
- 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
- 孟子 : 2
- 韓非子 : 1
- 祖堂集 : 1
- 尚書 : 1
- 禮記 : 1
- 鹽鐵論 : 1
進 jìn OC: tsins MC: tsin 25 Attributions
- nabactpromoting someone
- vtoNcausativework for the advancement (of someone) (without necessarily having the authority to promote that person)
- vtoNpassivebe promoted, gain promotion
- vtoNreflexive.自promote (oneself)
- vtoNmiddle voiceget promoted
舉 jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 13 Attributions
The most current general-use words for raising the status of someone are jǔ 舉 (ant. jiàng 降 "lower the rank of") and jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "demote").
- vt(oN)promote a contextually determinate person N
- vtoNelevate to a high position, promote (as someone who has the authority to promote)
- vtoNpassivebe promoted in office> rise in office
爵 jué OC: tsewɡ MC: tsi̯ɐk 4 Attributions
- vtoNcausativecause to have high rank> promote to high rank, give high rank to
- vtoNpassivebe promoted in rank, get promoted in rank
- vtoNreflexive.自promote (oneself) 自爵
- vtoN1.-yǐN2appoint N to V 爵N以大夫
遂 suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 3 Attributions
- vtoNpromote; recommend
進賢 jìn xián MC: tsinH hen OC: tsins ɡiin 2 Attributions
- VP[adN]agentthe promotor of worthies/men of talent
拔 bá OC: breed MC: bɣɛt 1 Attribution
Bá 拔 (ant. miǎn 免 "dismiss without necessarily removing from the hierarchy altogether") and qiān 遷 (ant. chū 出 "remove and transfer to a lower position") are standard bureaucratic terms for promotion in office.
- vtoNraise to a higher level in the bureaucratic hierarchy
提 tí OC: ɡ-lee MC: dei 1 Attribution
- vt[oN]promote people
- vtoNfigurativelift/hold up > promote
遷 qiān OC: tshen MC: tshiɛn 1 Attribution
- vtoNchange (office), transfer to (a new office)
- vtoNpassivebe promoted
奉 fèng OC: boŋʔ MC: bi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
- vtoNpromote (a person)
擢 zhuó OC: rleewɡ MC: ɖɣɔk 0 Attributions
The specific general term for bureaucratic promotion is the not very common zhuó 擢 (ant. chù 黜 "demote").
稱 chēng OC: thjɯŋ MC: tɕhɨŋ 0 Attributions
超 chāo OC: khrlew MC: ʈhiɛu 0 Attributions
Chāo 超 refers specifically to raising someone by more than one level at the time, and this bureaucratic term became current in Han times.
- vtoNHANSHU raise someone by more than one bureaucratic level at one time
躋 jī OC: MC: tsei 0 Attributions
- vtoNto advance; to raise in position; to give hierarchical priority to
陟 zhì OC: tɯɡ MC: ʈɨk 0 Attributions
- vtoNascend> promote to; promote oneself to
Existing SW for
Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: