PROMOTE  提拔

APPOINT to CAUSE TO BECOME a MORE NOBLE OFFICIAL.
UPGRADEGIVE PROMOTION TOELEVATEADVANCEMOVE UPHUMOROUS KICK UPSTAIRS
Antonym

DEMOTEDISMISS so as to COMMAND to BECOME of MORE HUMBLE RANK.

Hypernym

APPOINTEMPLOY so as to CAUSE TO BECOME a SENIOR OFFICIAL. -> EMPLOYCOMMAND to ACT:do PAID WORK FOR ONESELF. -> COMMANDADDRESS someone, USING AUTHORITY, INTENDING to CAUSE that person to ACT RESEMBLE:as one INTENDS him to ACT. -> ADDRESSSPEAK OR WRITE INTENDING ANOTHER TO HEAR OR READ AND TO REACT to IT.  -> SPEAKACT so as to USE WORDS FOR SHOWING MEANING.*Speech by speaker X, directed towards audience Y, in order to communicate message Z. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

SUPPORTHELP so as to CAUSE NOT to FALL OR so as to CAUSE to FLOURISH.

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The specific general term for bureaucratic promotion is the not very common zhuó 擢 (ant. chù 黜 "demote").

2. The most current general-use words for raising the status of someone are jǔ 舉 (ant. jiàng 降 "lower the rank of") and jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "demote").

3. Bá 拔 (ant. miǎn 免 "dismiss without necessarily removing from the hierarchy altogether") and qiān 遷 (ant. chū 出 "remove and transfer to a lower position") are standard bureaucratic terms for promotion in office.

4. Chāo 超 refers specifically to raising someone by more than one level at the time, and this bureaucratic term became current in Han times.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

GOVERNMENT/LAW 19.

進,泛指推舉人才。

推,側重在按預定的要求認定、推舉人才。

薦,側重在主動推舉人才。

舉,側重在推薦而致任用。

貢、察是漢魏選官制的專用名詞:貢,向上進薦,一般不單用;

察,表考察後予以舉薦。

22. BE PROMOTED

升,表示提升職務的泛稱。

擢,可以是已有職務的提升,也可用作初次拔用,為升官的通稱。

遷,表示升官的專祠;若與他詞構合則泛指職位變動。

陟,表示升職,常與 “ 黜 ” 等反義或同義連用。

進、晉皆指稱高級官員職位或爵位的提升,後者含有古雅、莊重色彩。

Modern Chinese Criteria

提拔

超拔

提升

提任

擢升

拔擢

擢用

飾擢

超遷

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 306

  • 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci ( WU SANXING 2008) p. 262ff

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 46
  • VP[adN] : 2
  • vtoN1.-yǐN2 : 1
  • nab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 說苑 : 30
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 管子 : 2
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 2
  • 孟子 : 2
  • 韓非子 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 尚書 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1

Words

   jìn OC: tsins MC: tsin 25 Attributions
  • nabactpromoting someone
  • nabeventpromotion
  • vtoNcausativework for the advancement (of someone) (without necessarily having the authority to promote that person)
  • vtoNpassivebe promoted, gain promotion
  • vtoNreflexive.自promote (oneself)
  • vtoNmiddle voiceget promoted
   jǔ OC: klaʔ MC: ki̯ɤ 13 Attributions

The most current general-use words for raising the status of someone are jǔ 舉 (ant. jiàng 降 "lower the rank of") and jìn 進 (ant. tuì 退 "demote").

  • nabactpromotion
  • vadNelevated
  • vt(oN)promote a contextually determinate person N
  • vtoNelevate to a high position, promote (as someone who has the authority to promote)
  • vtoNpassivebe promoted in office> rise in office
   jué OC: tsewɡ MC: tsi̯ɐk 4 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to have high rank> promote to high rank, give high rank to
  • vtoNpassivebe promoted in rank, get promoted in rank
  • vtoNreflexive.自promote (oneself) 自爵
  • vtoN1.-yǐN2appoint N to V 爵N以大夫
   suì OC: sɢluds MC: zi 3 Attributions
  • vtoNpromote; recommend
進賢   jìn xián MC: tsinH hen OC: tsins ɡiin 2 Attributions
  • VP[adN]agentthe promotor of worthies/men of talent
   bá OC: breed MC: bɣɛt 1 Attribution

Bá 拔 (ant. miǎn 免 "dismiss without necessarily removing from the hierarchy altogether") and qiān 遷 (ant. chū 出 "remove and transfer to a lower position") are standard bureaucratic terms for promotion in office.

  • vtoNraise to a higher level in the bureaucratic hierarchy
   tí OC: ɡ-lee MC: dei 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]promote people
  • vtoNfigurativelift/hold up > promote
   qiān OC: tshen MC: tshiɛn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNchange (office), transfer to (a new office)
  • vtoNpassivebe promoted
   fèng OC: boŋʔ MC: bi̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpromote (a person)
   zhuó OC: rleewɡ MC: ɖɣɔk 0 Attributions

The specific general term for bureaucratic promotion is the not very common zhuó 擢 (ant. chù 黜 "demote").

  • vtoNpromote
   chēng OC: thjɯŋ MC: tɕhɨŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNpromote
   chāo OC: khrlew MC: ʈhiɛu 0 Attributions

Chāo 超 refers specifically to raising someone by more than one level at the time, and this bureaucratic term became current in Han times.

  • vtoNHANSHU raise someone by more than one bureaucratic level at one time
   jī OC:  MC: tsei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto advance; to raise in position; to give hierarchical priority to
   zhì OC: tɯɡ MC: ʈɨk 0 Attributions
  • vtoNascend> promote to; promote oneself to

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: