TWIST  彎曲

DISPLACE so as to DISTORT.
DISTORTMISREPRESENTCHANGEALTERPERVERTFALSIFYWARPSKEWMISINTERPRETMISCONSTRUEMISSTATEMISQUOTEGARBLE
Hypernym

DISPLACECAUSE to MOVE. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

CURVEDSHAPE that is NOT STRAIGHT.CONFUSEDFEELING OR SITUATION of one's MIND being in CHAOS.

Hyponym
  • PLAIT To TWIST so as to intertwine and form a plait-like structure.
    Old Chinese Criteria

    1. The current general word for something being bent is qū 曲 (ant. zhí 直 "make straight").

    2. Qū 屈 / 詘 (all ant. shēn 伸 "stretch out") refers specifically to the bending of the body, mostly when bowing politely.

    3. Náo 撓 (ant. zhèng 正 "straighten out")typically focusses on the act and impact of bending.

    4. Wǎng 枉 (ant. zhèng 正 "straight and unwarped") refers to bending as distortion. The word is predominantly transferred in meaning and prototypically refers to the bending of the law.

    5. Wān 彎 (ant.zhí 直 "keep straight") has rather limited uses in pre-Buddhist Chinese, referring to the bending of a bow.

    Modern Chinese Criteria

    崴 (rare)

    拳曲

    蜷曲

    蜷局

    扭扯

    膩歪

    曲解 (fig) refers to interpretive distortion.

    篡改

    改篡

    歪曲

    曲解

    rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

      Attributions by syntactic funtion

      • vtoN : 8
      • vi : 4
      • nab : 2
      • vt(oN) : 1
      • vadN : 1

      Attributions by text

      • 荀子 : 4
      • 楚辭 : 3
      • 戰國策 : 2
      • 太平御覽 : 1
      • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
      • 韓詩外傳 : 1
      • 祖堂集 : 1
      • 禮記 : 1
      • 賢愚經 : 1
      • 孟子 : 1

      Words

         rèn OC: nin MC: ɳin 3 Attributions
      • vtoNtwist into a rope-like object, or garland; thread (a needle)
         bō OC: pood MC: pʷɑt 2 Attributions
      • vimiddle voiceget twisted
      • vtoNstir, poke (the fire)
         róu OC: mljuʔ MC: ȵɨu 2 Attributions
      • nabacttwisting; bending
      • vtoNbend XUN 1 輮以為輪"bend into the shape of a wheel"
      • vt(oN)bend
         yǎn OC: qanʔ MC: ʔi̯ɐn 1 Attribution

      Yǎn 偃 (ant.* lì 立 "stand up") is occasionally (and famously!) used for grass bending down under the influence of wind.

      • vichangebend flat down
         wān OC: qroon MC: ʔɣan 1 Attribution

      Wān 彎 (ant.zhí 直 "keep straight") has rather limited uses in pre-Buddhist Chinese, referring to the bending of a bow.

      • vtoNSJ: bend (as a bow)
         qū OC: khoɡ MC: khi̯ok 1 Attribution

      The current general word for something being bent is qū 曲 (ant. zhí 直 "make straight").

      • nabactact of twisting or bending
      • nabstativetwisted state
      • vadNcurved, bent
      • vadVin half-circles
      • vtoNbend 曲肱"bend one's arm"
         wǎng OC: qʷaŋʔ MC: ʔi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution

      Wǎng 枉 (ant. zhèng 正 "straight and unwarped") refers to bending as distortion. The word is predominantly transferred in meaning and prototypically refers to the bending of the law.

      • vadNbent, crooked, twisted
      • vibe bent (mostly of trees)
      • vtoNcausativecause to be twisted > distort (the law) 枉法
         pán OC: baan MC: bʷɑn 1 Attribution
      • vtoNroll up
         liú OC: ɡ-ru MC: li̯u 1 Attribution
      • vitwist around; coil (see WANGLI: 1175)
         qū OC: khlud MC: khi̯ut 1 Attribution

      Qū 屈/詘 (all ant. shēn 伸 "stretch out") refers specifically to the bending of the body, mostly when bowing politely.

      • vinot stretched out freely, bent; crooked
      • vtoNbend (as a finger)
         gōu OC: koo MC: ku 1 Attribution
      • vimiddle voiceget bent or twisted/distorted
         zhé MC: tsyet OC: kljed 1 Attribution
      • vadNfigurativetwisting, distorting
         āng OC: qaaŋ MC: ʔɑŋ 0 Attributions
      • viactbend the body
         wǎn OC: qonʔ MC: ʔi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
      • vtoNbend supply (as tongue), twist (without breaking or injuring)
         qū OC: khlud MC: khi̯ut 0 Attributions

      Qū 屈/詘 (all ant. shēn 伸 "stretch out") refers specifically to the bending of the body, mostly when bowing politely.

      • nabactthe bending or twisting of the body 屈伸/屈信
      • vtoNtwist out of proper shape
         liè OC: rɯɯd MC: let 0 Attributions
      • vibe twisted and bent; curly
         náo OC: mɢreewʔ MC: ɳɣɛu 0 Attributions

      Náo 撓 (ant. zhèng 正 "straighten out")typically focusses on the act and impact of bending.

      • nsubject(what is twisted>) something bent, crooked or twisted
      • vadNbent, twisted
      • vimiddle voiceget bent; get twisted
      • vtoNbend along (something crooked)??
      • vtoNpassiveget distorted and bent??????????
         jiū OC: kiw MC: kɨu 0 Attributions
      • vtoNSHI: plait, twist together
         mǐ OC: mralʔ MC: miɛ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNbend downwards (banners)
      卷曲   quán qū OC: ɡron khoɡ MC: giɛn khi̯ok 0 Attributions
      • VPibe twisted
      旁礡   páng bó OC: baaŋ baaɡ MC: bɑŋ bɑk 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNroll up (??)
      詰屈   jié qū OC: khid khlud MC: khit khi̯ut 0 Attributions
      • VPibe bent and entangled (also written jié qū 詰詘/曲)
         nòng OC: ɡ-rooŋs MC: luŋ 0 Attributions
      • vtoNfigurativedistort, manipulate SJ: 吏士舞文弄法 Hou Han shu 姦吏弄法
          MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
      • vadNfigurativetwisting, distorting

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: