SUICIDE  自殺

KILL ONESELF.
Taxonoymy

MARTYR

Kind Of

KILL

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general term for suicide is zì shā 自殺, and 殺己 is hardly ever used for suicide.

2. Zì cǎi 自裁 refers to suicide by cutting oneself in some way or other.

3. Zì jìn 自盡 is politely periphrastic and refers to putting an end to one's life in any way.

4. Zì wěn 自刎 refers to a dramatic act of cutting one's own throat.

5. Zì jīng 自經 refers to suicide by strangling oneself.

6. Zì chén 自沉 refers to suicide by drowning.

7. Sǐ 死 is often used causatively and reflexively to refer to an act of suicide.

Modern Chinese Criteria

自殺

自盡

尋死

作死

自戕

自裁

輕生

尋短見

自刎

伏劍

抹脖子

上吊

吊死

懸梁

投繯

自縊

自經

雉經

服毒

飲鴆

仰毒

仰藥

乳藥

投水

投河

跳河

投井

跳井

投江

跳江

投海

跳海

蹈海

服毒跳河

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

FINSTERBUSCH 2000 Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen 801

Selbstmord:

GERNET 1994 L'intelligence de la China. Le social et le mental 169-206

GRISE 1983 Le suicide dans la Rome antique

HOOF 1990 From Autothanasia to Suicide: Self-Killing in Classical Antiquity

MINOIS 1995 Histoire du suicide

MOORE 1790 A Full Enquiry into the Subject of Suicide

MURRAY 1998 Suicide in the Middle Ages

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 4.1068

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 9.493

SELBSTMORD

UNGER SACH "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China"

SELBSTTOETUNG

BORCHERT 2005 The Encyclopedia of Philosophy

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

HOROWITZ 2005 New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • VPi : 42
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}] : 19
  • vtoN : 3
  • vi : 2
  • VPadN : 2
  • VPt[oN] : 1
  • NPab : 1
  • vt[oN] : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 26
  • 韓詩外傳 : 8
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 呂氏春秋 : 5
  • 論衡 : 5
  • 史記 : 5
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 賢愚經 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 論語 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 晏子春秋 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

   yì OC: qleɡs MC: ʔiɛ 19 Attributions
  • vt[oN{REFLEX}]reflexivestrangle oneself; commit suicide
  • vtoNcausativecause someone to commit suidice by strangling oneself ????
殺身   shā shēn OC: sreed qhjin MC: ʂɣɛt ɕin 12 Attributions
  • VPiacthave oneself killed (typically for a cause)
自殺   zì shā OC: sblids sreed MC: dzi ʂɣɛt 11 Attributions

The general term for suicide is zì shā 自殺.

  • VPikill oneself; commit suicide
自刎   zì wěn OC: sblids mɯnʔ MC: dzi mi̯un 10 Attributions

Zì wěn 自刎 is direct and dramtatic: "cut one's own throat".

  • VPicut one's own throat
刎頸   wěn jǐng OC: mɯnʔ keŋʔ MC: mi̯un kiɛŋ 4 Attributions
  • NPabactsuicide
  • VPadN(friendship) so close that one is prepared to commit suicide for each other
  • VPiactcut one's throat
   sǐ MC: sijX OC: pliʔ 4 Attributions
  • vireflexivekill oneself
  • vtoNcommit suicide to repay a debt of honour to N
縊而死   yì ér sǐ OC: qleɡs njɯ pliʔ MC: ʔiɛ ȵɨ si 3 Attributions
  • VPiresultativestrange oneself "to death"
   jīng OC: keeŋ MC: keŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]hang oneself
伏劍   fú jiàn OC: bɯɡ kloms MC: buk ki̯ɐm 1 Attribution
  • VPiactbow into one's own sword> commit suicide with a sword
絞縊   jiǎo yì OC: kreewʔ qleɡs MC: kɣɛu ʔiɛ 1 Attribution
  • VPt[oN]commit suicide
自沒 / 自歿   zì mò OC: sblids mɯɯd MC: dzi muot zì mò OC: sblids mɯɯd MC: dzi muot 1 Attribution
  • VPiactcommit suicide, end one's own life
自沈 / 自沈   zì chén OC: sblids ɡrlum MC: dzi ɖim zì chén OC: sblids ɡrlum MC: dzi ɖim 1 Attribution

Zì chén 自沉 is "drown owneself". Zì chén 自沉 is "drown owneself".

  • VPidrown oneself [see 自沈]
自經   zì jīng OC: sblids keeŋ MC: dzi keŋ 1 Attribution

Zì jīng 自經 is "hang oneself".

  • VPicommit suicide
   jìn OC: dzinʔ MC: dzin 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcommit suicide 自盡
雉經   zhì jīng MC: drijX keng OC: diʔ keeŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPistrangle oneself
   guà OC: kʷrees MC: kɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNreflexive.自hang (oneself)
投巖   tóu yán OC: doo ŋɡraam MC: du ŋɣam 0 Attributions
  • VPt[oN[REFLEX]]reflexivethrow oneself from a cliff
殺己   shā jǐ OC: sreed kɯʔ MC: ʂɣɛt kɨ 0 Attributions
  • VPiactkill ONESELF
自刑   zì xíng OC: sblids ɡeeŋ MC: dzi ɦeŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNkill oneself
自盡   zì jìn OC: sblids dzinʔ MC: dzi dzin 0 Attributions

Zì jìn 自盡 is politely periphrastic and refers to putting an end to one's life in any way.

    自裁   zì cái OC: sblids sɡɯɯ MC: dzi dzəi 0 Attributions

    Zì cǎi 自裁 is "commit suicide" by cutting oneself in some way or other.

    • VPicommit suicide
    赴火   fù huǒ OC: phoɡs qphaalʔ MC: phi̯o hʷɑ 0 Attributions
    • VPiactthrow oneself into the fire
        MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
    • VPistrangle oneself

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: