EARLY  

TIME PERIOD SOMETHING has NOT-YET HAPPENED
UNTIMELYPREMATUREUNSEASONABLEBEFORE TIME
Taxonoymy

PRECEDEBEFORE

Antonymy

LATETIMELY

Kind Of

TIME

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current word for early, referring both to periods in one's life and time in the year or the day, is zǎo 早 (ant. wǎn 晚 "late"), but the word often specifically means "too early".

2. Sù 夙 (ant. chí 遲 "late, too late") refers specifically to the early period in one's life.

3. Xiān 先 is relative and refers to the period earlier than something else.

4. Yù 豫/預 refers to a point in time suitably early, earlier than necessary, or earlier than expected.

5. Yāo 夭 refers specifically to prematureness of death.

Modern Chinese Criteria

早日

早早

絕早

???

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

APRESJAN 2004 Novyj objasnitel'nyj Slovar' Sinonimov Russkogo Jazyka 941

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 14.16

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

EARLY

mane refers to the time in the morning, in the early part of the bright day, as opposed to the night.

crepusculo refers to the twilight in the very early morning, as opposed to the bright day.

diluculo refers to the dim twilight just after complete darkness.

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vadV : 79
  • vi : 3
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • vi0 : 2
  • vtoN : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • vadN : 1
  • NPadV : 1
  • vtoN.adV : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 禮記 : 12
  • 論衡 : 12
  • 春秋左傳 : 10
  • 呂氏春秋 : 9
  • 韓非子 : 9
  • 說苑 : 7
  • 荀子 : 5
  • 論語 : 3
  • 六祖壇經 : 3
  • 尚書 : 3
  • 公孫龍子 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 老子 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 戰國策 : 1
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 賢愚經 : 1
  • 百喻經 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 中說 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 祖堂集 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

早 / 蚤   zǎo OC: tsuuʔ MC: tsɑu zǎo OC: tsuuʔ MC: tsɑu 54 Attributions

The current word for early, referring both to periods in one's life and time in the year or the day, is zǎo 早 (ant. wǎn 晚 "late"), but the word often specifically means "too early". The current word for early, referring both to periods in one's life and time in the year or the day, is zǎo 早 (ant. wǎn 晚 "late"), but the word often specifically means "too early".

  • vi0be too early
  • vigradedbe earlier
  • vadVnegativeprematurely, too early; so early
  • vi0adN(the time) when it is early
  • vadVas early as possible; appropriately early
  • vibe early
   xiān OC: sɯɯn MC: sen 25 Attributions

Xiān 先 is relative and refers to the period earlier than something else.

  • vadNearly, earlier
  • vadVat an early stage; in good time, before it is too late
  • vadVnegativetoo early, earlier than it should be
  • vtoN.adSbefore
  • vtoN.adVanteceding N, preceding N, acting earlier than N;
  • vadVbeforeat an earlier stage
  • vtoNbe earlier than someone N, Danish: komme i forkøbet
  • vadVfirst of all
  • vadNderivedearlier in a text
  • vt[oN]arrive earlier than others
   yù OC: las MC: ji̯ɤ 5 Attributions

Yù 豫/預 refers to a point in time suitably early, earlier than necessary, or earlier than expected.

  • vadVbeforehand, ahead of time; in good time; in advance
   sù OC: suɡ MC: suk 3 Attributions

Sù 夙 (ant. chí 遲 "late, too late") refers specifically to the early period in one's life.

  • vadVgenerally: early
   yù OC: las MC: ji̯ɤ 3 Attributions

Yù 豫/預 refers to a point in time suitably early, earlier than necessary, or earlier than expected.

  • vadVearly, in advance
   qián OC: dzeen MC: dzen 1 Attribution
  • vibe earlier
   yāo OC: qrowʔ MC: ʔiɛu 1 Attribution

Yāo 夭 refers specifically to prematureness of death.

  • vadV(die) early in one's life
先後   xiān hòu OC: sɯɯn ɡooʔ MC: sen ɦu 1 Attribution
  • NPabfeaturerelative earliness or lateness> priority
短命   duǎn mìng OC: toonʔ mɢreŋs MC: tʷɑn mɣaŋ 1 Attribution
  • NPadVafter a short life
朝早   zhāo zǎo OC: taw tsuuʔ MC: ʈiɛu tsɑu 0 Attributions
  • VPadVearly in the morning

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: