CIRCLE  圈子

PERFECTLY ROUND FLAT SHAPE.
RINGBANDHOOPCIRCLETHALODISC
Taxonoymy

SURROUND

See also

RING

Kind Of

SHAPE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The common general term for a circle is yuán 員 / 圓.

2. Zhōu 周 refers to an irregular circle shape; it is used for a length of perimeter of a circle.

3. Huán 環 refers to an irregular circle shape; it is used for an area surrounded by a circle.

4. Tuán 摶 is a word for a circle that was in use in a southern state of >Chǔ 楚.

5. Guī 規 occasionally refers to a standard round shape, but the word is seldom used in this sense.

Modern Chinese Criteria

圈子

圓圈

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.82

DOEDERLEIN 1840 Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien

CIRCLE

orbis refers to a circular motion, and the periphery described by it.

circulus refers to a circular level plain as such.

gyrus refers to a curved and especially a serpentine line.

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik 261

RITTER 1971-2007 Historisches Woerterbuch der Philosophie 4.1211

SCHMIDT 1889 Handbuch der lateinischen und griechischen Synonymik 103

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 6
  • vi : 2
  • vadV : 1

Attributions by text

  • 莊子 : 3
  • 韓非子 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 老子 : 1

Words

   yuán OC: ɢon MC: ɦiɛn 5 Attributions
  • nsubjecta circle; something round
  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: circle; particularly surface of a circle or in technical mathematical terminology "disk".LIU HUI 1.32 故以半周乘半徑而為圓冪 "Therefore with the half of the circumference one multiplies half of the diameter and thus arrives at the area of the circle."
   tuán OC: doon MC: dʷɑn 2 Attributions

Tuán 摶 is a word for a circle that was in use in a southern state of >Chǔ 楚.

  • vicirculate; move in circles
  • vtoNcausativecause to be round> to roll into a ball
   zhōu OC: tjɯw MC: tɕɨu 1 Attribution

Zhōu 周 refers to an irregular circle shape; it is used for a length of perimeter of a circle.

  • nabmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: circumference of a circle. By extension the term may refer to the circumferences of an annulus/ring or circular tube or a segment of sphere. LIU HUI 1.32 故以半周乘半徑而為圓冪 "Therefore with the half of the circumference one multiplies half of the diameter and thus arrives at the area of the circle." (There are plenty of earlier examples.)JIUZHANG 1.33 今有宛田,下周三十步,徑十六步。 "Suppose there is an yuan4 (i.e. segment-of-the-sphere) "field" pattern, its lower circumference is 30 paces, and its diameter is 16 paces."JZ 1.32, Li Chunfeng's comm: 是二六相乘,除周自乘之數 "Thus the product of two and six divides the quantity of the square of the circumference."JIUZHANG 1.37 今有環田,中周九十二步,外周一百二十二步,徑五步。 "Suppose there is a "field" pattern in the shape of a ring, and its inner circumference is 92 paces, its outer circumference is 122 paces, and its diameter is five paces." (NB: The outer circumference is at the outside of the ring, and the inner circumference is at the inside of the ring.)
  • vadVin circles; circulating
   huán OC: ɡʷraan MC: ɦɣan 1 Attribution

Huán 環 refers to an irregular circle shape; it is used for an area surrounded by a circle.

  • ncircle; ring; center of circle
員 / 圓   yuán OC: ɢon MC: ɦiɛn yuán OC: ɢon MC: ɦiɛn 0 Attributions

The common general term for a circle is yuán 員/圓. The common general term for a circle is yuán 員/圓.

  • ncircle
   guī OC: kʷe MC: kiɛ 0 Attributions

Guī 規 occasionally refers to a standard round shape, but the word is seldom used in this sense.

    團圓   tuán yuán OC: doon ɢon MC: dʷɑn ɦiɛn 0 Attributions
    • NPcircle

    Existing SW for

    Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: