Taxonomy of meanings for 士:

  • shì (OC: dzrɯʔ MC: dʐɨ) 鉏里切 上 廣韻:【説文曰事也數始於一終於十从一十孔子曰推十合一爲士又姓左傳晉大夫士蔿又漢複姓二氏古今人表有士思癸又士貞氏晉康公庶子士貞之後鉏里切五 】
    • GENTLEMAN
      • neducated person (of high or low morals); member of the mobile intelligentia; gentleman with a right to bear a sword and to ride in a carriage; gentleman, member of the gentry. See Yu Yingshi's monograph and Sivin and Lloyd 2002
      • nnonreferentialeducated person (of high or low morals); member of the mobile intelligentia; mobile gentleman with a right to bear a sword and to ride in a carriage
      • nccidealtrue gentleman; true scholar
      • npost-Ngentleman of the N kind Cf. 道士,儒士
      • viactact as an ideal member of the mobile intelligentia/gentleman should
      • DELETEbe identical with a gentleman
      • n{PRED}be a scholar, be an educated person
      • specifically: scholar of learning>STUDY
        • nsubject=humanscholar, man of learning, man of letters
        • specifically:>SPECIALIST
          • npost-Nspecialist in N; adherent of N
      • specifially>OFFICIAL
        • nperson belonging to the official class, freeman; official; officer
        • specifically>JUDGE
          • nperson in charge of judicial affairs in ancient times (皋陶 is said to have been appointed shì 士 in this sense.
        • specifically, without reference to high status>SOLDIER
          • nccofficer on a war chariot who is protected by shield and helmet
          • npost-None's officers
    • more generally>MALE
      • nadult male of some status; person; freeman