Taxonomy of meanings for 善:

  • shàn (OC: ɡjenʔ MC: dʑiɛn) 常演切 上 廣韻:【良也大也佳也説文作譱吉也又姓吕氏春秋云善卷堯師常演切十一 】
  • shàn (OC: ɡjenʔ MC: dʑiɛn) 常演切 上 廣韻:【見善注篆文又作𦎍 】
    • EXCELLENT
      • nsubjectsomething excellent
      • nabfeatureexcellence, special strong features (always stable or permanent features)
      • v[adN]N=humanthose who are capable and competent; those who are excellent; those who are more distinguished/of greater excellence
      • vadNoutstanding, excellent (e.g. a tune); proficient; of superior quality (clothes)
      • vadVexpertly; nicely
      • vi(0)gradedThis is excellent. 甚善
      • vigradedbe impressive, be excellent; be the best; be good 甚善
      • vt+prep+Nbe better than N
      • vt+prep+Nabbe good at Nab-ing.
      • vt+V[0]excel at, excel in V-ing; be good at V-ing
      • vt+V[0]actbe so good as to V, be good in Ving
      • vtoNbe good at, excel at N
      • vtoNputativeconsider as good, approve of
      • vtoNemotionallike, appreciate the high quality of; show a liking for
      • DELETEN=nonhugood person; excellent person
      • vtoVbe good at V-ing
      • v[adN]N=featurepoints of excellence; excellent features
      • nab(.post-N)the excellence of the contextually determinate N
      • subjective>SATISFACTORY
        • vifeel in good shape, feel satisfied
        • putative>LIKE
          • vtoNfind good, like, be fond of GUOYU: 施民所善,去民所惡
          • vt+V(0)like to
          • vt+prep+Nab{ACT}have a liking for Nab-ing; have a tendency to want to engage in Nab-ing
          • like to, hence prone to>TENDENCY
            • vt+V[0]be given to V-ing, be an enthusiastic V-er; be prone to V-ing
      • abilities>TALENT
        • vihave ability, be competent, be able
    • declarative>ASSENT
      • vi(0)The contextually determinate proposition is highly acceptable> Good!
      • vtoNputativeapprove
      • putative>FRIEND
        • vt+prep+Nbe unfriendly to, be hostile towards
        • vtoNattitudinaltreat well; be on good terms with; have good polivical relations with
        • nabsocialgood diplomatic relations
        • vadVin a friendly manner
        • vadNfriendly
        • psychological>INTIMATE
          • vtoNstativebe on intimate terms with
        • action>COOPERATE
          • nabsocialgood relations, close relations (open or secret)
          • vt+prep+Nbe on good terms with N
          • vtoNbe on good terms with; cultivate strong relations with
          • nab.+prep+Nbe on good terms with
      • in performance>DILIGENT
        • vadVproperly; carefully 善聽
        • virtue>BENEVOLENCE
          • nabdispositiondisposition to be good in relation to others
        • grammaticalised>IMPERATIVE MARKER
          • vadVimperative marker, mod. Chinese 好好
      • hence valuable>EXPENSIVE
        • vadNhigh (price)
      • declarative: declare excellent>PRAISE
        • vt(oN)praise the contextually determinate N
        • vtoNdeclarativedeclare good: praise, speak highly of; speak well of, commend
        • vtoNdeclarativebe praised
        • nabpraise