Taxonomy of meanings for 令:

  • líng (OC: ɡ-reeŋ MC: leŋ) 郎丁切 平 廣韻:【漢複姓有令狐氏本自畢萬之後國語云晉大夫令狐文子即魏顆也自漢已後丗本太原至邁爲王莽所誅邁少子始居墩煌也 】
  • lìng (OC: ɡ-reŋs MC: liɛŋ) 力政切 去 廣韻:【善也命也律也法也力政切又力盈切又歴丁切二 】
  • lìng (OC: ɡ-reŋ MC: liɛŋ) 呂貞切 平 廣韻:【使也又吕鄭郎丁二切 】
  • lián (OC: ɡ-ren MC: liɛn) 力延切 平 廣韻:【漢書云金城郡有令居縣顔師古又音零 】
  • lìng (OC: ɡ-reeŋs MC: leŋ) 郎定切 去 廣韻:【令支縣在遼西郡 】
    • COMMAND
      • vttoN(.+V[0])pivotcommand the subject to carry out a contextually determinate action
      • nabtextcommand, order
      • vt+prep+Nperfectivegive orders to N, issue orders to
      • vt+V[0]order (an event to occur. e.g. it to rain) (often indistinguishable form "to cause")
      • vtoN.+VtoSissue a command (to someone inferior) (saying:...)
      • vtoNissue effective orders to: to command, to order; to order officially; issue an order to (ministers etc)
      • vtoNobject=eventcomand (the occurrence of an event)
      • vtoSorder that
      • vtt(oN.)+V[0]order a contextually determinate subordinate (to do something)
      • vtt(oN.)+V[0]passivebe ordered about
      • vtt[oN.+V[0]]send out commands [to some people to do something]
      • vttoN.+V[0]pivotcomand (the SUBJECT to PREDICATE, on a level inferior to lìng 令)
      • vtt+prep+N.+VtoSissue a command to N (saying S)
      • generalised>CAUSE TO
        • vtoN.+V[0]cause it to V
        • vtt(oN.)+V[0]cause the contextually determinate object (to do something)
        • vttoN.+V[0]pivotcause to, get (someone) to (do something); send (someone to do somthing)
        • vttoN.+V[0]reflexive.自cause (oneself) to V [Note that this does not get the semantic category "caus".]
        • suppose that>IF
          • vt+S1.adS2if, supposing that
        • conative: exhortative>ADVISE
          • vtoNact as the responsible adviser to
      • commanding, senior>NOBLE
        • vadNnoble, esteemed
        • GOOD
          • vadNarchaic: impressive in a contrived way; attractive
          • vtoNcausativecause to be attractive
          • vibe good; be commendable
    • agent: commander>RULER
      • ncommander, officer in command
      • npost=NprCommander X
      • recipient> commanded>MINISTER
        • nhead of an administrative unit 縣令
      • DECREE
        • nabtextpublished royal or imperial order
        • LAW
          • nabtextofficial ordinance; public order