Taxonomy of meanings for 始:

  • shǐ (OC: lʰɯʔ MC: ɕɨ) 詩止切 上 廣韻:【初也詩止切一 】
    • BEGIN
      • nsubjectopening piece, beginning piece (e.g. in a collection of poetry)
      • nabmetaphysicalbeginning, the initial state as a dynamic state motivating what happens after that beginning; proper beginning; original cause, Greek: archē;
      • vadNbeginning, original; very early
      • vadVfor the first time, from the very beginning; to begin with; in the beginning
      • viinchoativeto begin, originate; to start doing one's work
      • vt+prep+Nbegin with, start from; start out by V-ing
      • vt+V[0]to begin to V; to be at the beginner's stage of V-ing
      • vt+V[0]V=traditionbe the first to; inaugurate, initiate, start the tradition of, do something for the first time
      • vtoNfirst timedo something for the first time; come to do something for the first time
      • vtoNinchoativetake as one's starting point; to begin to work with, to start working at something (in Shijing 經始靈臺)
      • vadSto begin with, in the beginning
      • vt prep Vto start V-ing
      • vt prep Vbegin with V-ing
      • vtoVbegin to V
      • nab(post-N)beginning of N
      • begin to exist>ARISE
        • viprocessfirst arise
      • in the beginning>ORIGINALLY
        • vadSin the very beginning, originally
        • more generally>PAST
          • vadVformerly; originally; in the past; in the old days
          • more specifically>RECENT
            • vadVonly recently, newly
          • subordinating>WHEN
            • v0adV.adSjust when, exactly at the time when there was V, then S
            • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSthe moment when, just when, exactly at the time when (also in BIANWEN)
            • effective>CAUSE
              • vtoNcausativebe the initial cause of, originate
        • in list>FIRST
            • quantifier>ONLY
              • vadV.postN{SUBJ}only N V-s
              • subordinator>ONLY THEN
                • vt+V[0].post-Sbegin to V after S> only then, then for the first time