Taxonomy of meanings for 乘:

  • chéng (OC: ɢjɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ) 食陵切 平 廣韻:【駕也勝也登也守也説文作椉覆也又姓漢有乗昌爲煑棗侯 】
  • shèng (OC: ɢjɯŋs MC: ʑɨŋ) 實證切 去 廣韻:【車乗也寶證切又食陵切七 】
  • chéng (OC: ɢjɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ) 食陵切 平 廣韻:【同乗 】
  • chéng (OC: ɢjɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ) 食陵切 平 廣韻:【古文椉 】
    • RIDE
      • vt(oN)ride on the contextually determinate object
      • vtoNride (a horse), steer; sail in (a ship); travel in
      • vtoNfigurativeride on (metaphysical forces etc.)
      • viactride (carriage)
      • of vehicles>DRIVE
        • viactride a carriage
        • vtoNmount, ride in (a carriage, a boat etc); ride on (dragons on the clouds)
        • vttoN1+.vtoN2cause someone N1 to use N2 as a conveyance
        • of vehicles>ASCEND
          • vt(oN)continuoushave ascended (the contextually determinate object, carriages, vehicles etc)
          • vtoNascend; board (a boat etc); try to gain the high ground or a wall; scale; 
          • vtoNcontinuoushave ascended > ride in (a vehicle, a boat)
          • vtoNcausativecause to get up onto a vehicle
          • v(toN)ascend the contextually determinate N
          • of shoes>WEAR
            • abstract>RELY ON
              • vt+prep+Nrely on, avail oneself of
              • vtoNrely on, avail oneself of or exploit (an opportunity); take the opportunity to adapt to
              • vtoNPab{S}avail oneself of the fact that S
              • mathematical>COUNT
                • vtoNcalculate
            • specific>MULTIPLY
              • nabactCHEMLA 2003: the mathematical operation of multiplicationJZ 5.21: 乘除 "(the mathematical operations of ) multiplication and division".
              • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003: multiply. Note that cheng2 乘 has no independent nominal use meaning "the product of". However, as nab - act, however, 乘 does refer to the mathematical operation of multiplication.JZ 4.0 以全步積分乘之為實 "with the parts of the product of the integral bù one multiplies this to make the dividend."JZ 2.0 以所有數乘所求率為實 "with the >quantity of what one has one multiplies the >lyù of what one seeks, to make the >dividend".JZ 1.32: 術曰徑自相乘三之四而一 "The procedure says: as for the diameter, multiply it by itself, triple (a result), and then take one fourth (of the latter result)."JZ 1.2 術曰:廣從步數相乘得積步 "The procedure says: as for the quantities in bù of the width and the length being one multiplies them with each other and thus obtains the area in bù."Compare also the phrases: 自相乘,自乘 "mulitply (a quantity) by itself"
          • generally>CONTROL
            • vt+prep+Nimpose control on
            • vtoNdominate, control the actions of
            • vtoNpassivebe controlled
            • produce>ESTABLISH
              • vttoN1.+prep+N2establish (someone N1) in (a position N2)乘不肖人於勢
            • conative>ATTACK
              • vtoNswoop down on; press an attack against, press in on
              • vt(oN.)[adN]fierce attackers of each other
              • specifically>PURSUE
                • vtoNchase after; pursue
              • perfective>WIN
                • vtoNwin against
              • resultative: cruelly>OPPRESS
                • vtoNtrample on others show no regard for their sensibilities
        • she4ngCARRIAGE HORSE
          • npost-Nfellow carriage horse; fellow horse of the team N
          • team of four>FOUR
            • nadNfour
          • metonymy>VEHICLE
            • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-Nclassifierclassifier for carts
            • nread shèng: vehicle
            • CHARIOT
              • nwar chariot; carriage with four horses; 魯國堯:一车四马为一乘。当时战争的形式主要是车战,一辆兵车由四匹马拉,车上有三名武装战士,后有若干步兵。古代常以兵车的多少衡量诸侯国或卿大夫封邑的大小。
              • agent>SOLDIER
                • npluralchariot-borne soldiers/officers