VEHICLE  車子

TOOL USED FOR TRAVELLING OR TRANSPORTING THINGS ACROSS LONG DISTANCES.
MEANS OF TRANSPORTCONVEYANCEMOTOR VEHICLE
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current general term for a vehicle is chē 車, a term which also refers even more generally to all contraptions with wheels.

2. Jià 駕 refers to a yoked carriage.

3. Yù 御 refers to a yoked carriage, with driver in place, ready to go.

4. Yú 輿 refers originally to the compartment xiāng 箱 of the carriage, but came to be used as a general term for a carriage used for transporting people. See CARRIAGE

5. Chéng 乘 is the general noun classifier for all vehicles, and this word must be carefully from the shèng 乘 "war chariot". See CHARIOT

6. Zhěn 軫 "back bord on a carriage" is often used to refer to a carriage as a whole, by synecdoche.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

COMM 6.

車,陸路輪行交通工具的總稱。

輦,用人拉或推的車,先秦主要用作輔助勞動的運輸工具;秦漢以後引申專指帝王后妃坐的車。

輿,本指車箱,先秦即可引申為車,有文言色彩。

軫,本指車箱底部四周的橫木,代稱車,使用不多,後世不用。

COMM 15.

輕車,供人旅行或作戰的車,總稱;指旅行車(坐車),又可包括路車、安車等。

路,路車,上古天子所乘坐的華美坐車,諸侯、卿大夫受賜也可乘坐。

安,安車,本是婦人、老臣所乘一馬駕的小型坐車,戰國起還多用於朝廷禮聘賢者,用四馬駕。

輶,輶車,使者所乘輕快坐車。

軒,軒車,卿大夫所乘、車轅上翹、設置轓蔽的坐車。

軺,軺車,張車蓋、不設帷幔、可四面遠望的坐車,式樣很多。凡此都是各級官員專用車,有等級差別。

COMM 11. 車上重要的小構件有三。

軏( yu[U+00e8] ),在衡、輈的交處鑿圓孔,插入的半尺長木橛。

若雙轅端部則與弧曲形衡軛相連,其交處圓孔所插木橛稱輗( n[U+00ed] )。也有交處設 U 形銅紐。二者均用革贊帶縛結。另一重要插銷是插在車 ?? ?? 漱 T 寸之轄。

COMM 13. [ 車+奇 ] ,兩旁的樣板。車又寸,輿前後欄板。

較,� ˆ 上加橫木作把手,有時再加邊緣翻出的銅飾,成為 “ 重較 ” 。

軨,輿四周木格欄擋,又稱 “ 軹 ” 。

轖,軨外蒙覆以障蔽的皮革。軾,輿前可扶憑的橫木。

軫,輿底部四周橫木。

軫,可代稱車箱、車。

軓,輿前軫木交輈轅處有固輈轅的半圓形銅飾。

輿後軫下則有踵飾。

Modern Chinese Criteria

車輛

車子

輿

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 10.75

  • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 1966) p. 248

    Wagen:

  • Verzeichnis und Motivindex der Han-Darstellungen ( FINSTERBUSCH 2000) p. 827

    Wagen, zweiraedrige etc, etc:

  • 韓非子同義詞研究 ( HANFEI TONGYI 2004) p. 51

  • 論衡同義詞研究 ( LUNHENG TONGYI 2004) p. 18

  • Lateinische Synonymik ( MENGE) p. 249

  • 中國文化史三百題 ( SANBAITI 1987) p. 220

  • 王力古漢語字典 ( WANG LI 2000) p. 1397

    輂,車plus共on right

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no. 81

  • A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms ( T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004) p. no. 81

  • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 127B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 38
  • NP : 13
  • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-N : 12
  • nadV : 5
  • nab : 3
  • n(post-N) : 2
  • NPm : 2
  • n(post-N) : 1
  • NPc : 1
  • vi : 1
  • vtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 29
  • 韓非子 : 11
  • 說苑 : 8
  • 論語 : 7
  • 孫子 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 賢愚經 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 法句經 : 2
  • 穆天子傳 : 1
  • 禮記 : 1
  • 老子 : 1

Words

車 / 車   chē OC: khlja MC: tɕhɣɛ jū OC: kla MC: ki̯ɤ 27 Attributions

The current general term for a vehicle is chē 車, a term which also refers even more generally to all contraptions with wheels The current general term for a vehicle is chē 車, a term which also refers even more generally to all contraptions with wheels

  • nconveyance, cart; vehicle on wheels, especially but not always for longish-distance travel; contraption with wheels;
  • nadVinstrumentby use of vehicles 車載; between carts or vehicles 車裂
  • vtoNput a carriage to (an ox)
  • nnonreferentialvehicles, chariots of any kind
  • nadNvehicle-like, provided with wheels
  • viactproceed by vehicle, travel by carriage
  • nadVmannerin the manner of a cart, like a cart
  • n(post-N)the vehicle of the contextually determinate person
  • n(post-N)the vehicle of the contextually determinate N
   chéng OC: ɢjɯŋ MC: ʑɨŋ 13 Attributions

Chéng 乘 is the general noun classifier for all vehicles, and this word must be carefully from the shèng 乘 "war chariot". See CHARIOTCHARIOT

  • ncpost-V{NUM}.post-Nclassifierclassifier for carts
  • nread shèng: vehicle
輿   yú OC: k-la MC: ji̯ɤ 10 Attributions

Yú 輿 refers originally to the compartment xiāng 箱 of the carriage, but came to be used as a general term for a carriage used for transporting people. See CARRIAGE

  • nluxury carriage, coach for the transport of persons or things (originally refers to compartment on the carriage)
  • nabmetaphysicalabstract vehicle
   rì OC: mljiɡ MC: ȵit 4 Attributions
  • nZUO Wen 16: post carriage
  • nadVusing changing horses by post carriage
兵車   bīng chē OC: praŋ khlja MC: pɣaŋ tɕhɣɛ 3 Attributions
  • NParmed vehicle> war chariot
   guǎng OC: kʷaaŋʔ MC: kɑŋ 2 Attributions
  • nlarge vehicle
   zhōu OC: krliw MC: ʈɨu 2 Attributions
  • nvehicle, carriage
   jià OC: kraals MC: kɣɛ 2 Attributions

Jià 駕 refers to a yoked carriage.

  • nK: yoked carriage (LIE)
乘車   shèng chē OC: ɢjɯŋs khlja MC: ʑɨŋ tɕhɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • NPpluralhorse-drawn vehicles, carts and chariots of all kinds; ordinary vehicle
服乘   fú shèng OC: bɯɡ ɢjɯŋs MC: buk ʑɨŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPcarriage; means of transport
車乘 / 車乘   chē shèng OC: khlja ɢjɯŋs MC: tɕhɣɛ ʑɨŋ jū shèng OC: kla ɢjɯŋs MC: ki̯ɤ ʑɨŋ 2 Attributions
  • NPmvehicles
輿馬   yú mǎ MC: yo maeX OC: k-la mraaʔ 2 Attributions
  • NPluxury carriage with horses to draw it
輛 / 輛兩   liàng OC: raŋs MC: li̯ɐŋ  OC:  MC:  1 Attribution
  • nvehicle; carriage
   yù OC: ŋas MC: ŋi̯ɤ 1 Attribution

Yù 御 refers to a yoked carriage, with driver in place, ready to go.

  • ncarriage with a horse, ready to go
巢車   cháo chē OC: dzraaw khlja MC: ɖʐɣɛu tɕhɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPobservation vehicle (for observation of enemy positions in warfare)
樓車   lóu chē OC: ɡ-roo khlja MC: lu tɕhɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPtwo-storeyed vehicle/carriage/chariot
舟輿   zhōu yú OC: kljiw k-la MC: tɕɨu ji̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NPnonreferentialmeans of transport
革車   gé chē OC: krɯɯɡ khlja MC: kɣɛk tɕhɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPmilitary technical term: heavy leather-covered battle wagon
馳車   chí chē OC: rlal khlja MC: ɖiɛ tɕhɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPcmilitary technical term: light battle chariot
   zài 1 Attribution
  • nchariot
   diàn OC: ɡ-liiŋs MC: den 0 Attributions
  • ncarriage of a minister ZUO: 左:良夫乘衷甸 Liang Fu rode in the carriage of a mid-rank minister.
   kē OC: khlaal MC: khɑ 0 Attributions
  • nkind of carriage
   zhěn OC: kljɯnʔ MC: tɕin 0 Attributions

Zhěn 軫 "back bord on a carriage" is often used to refer to a carriage as a whole, by synecdoche.

  • ncarriage
   jú OC: koɡ MC: ki̯ok 0 Attributions
  • nlarge carriage
   yǐ OC: ŋralʔ MC: ŋiɛ 0 Attributions
  • nsometimes refers to a whole carriage
   lián OC: b-ren MC: liɛn 0 Attributions
  • nhand-drawn cart
寶車   bǎo chē OC: puuʔ khlja MC: pɑu tɕhɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NPvehicle adorned with the Seven Treasures
車輿 / 車輿   chē yú OC: khlja k-la MC: tɕhɣɛ ji̯ɤ jū yú OC: kla k-la MC: ki̯ɤ ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • NPconveyances

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: