CARRIAGE  載人車

VEHICLE PULLED by HORSES, USED by HUMANS FOR TRAVEL.
COACHCARPASSENGER CARFLATCARBOXCAR

BALDACHIN

See also

CHARIOT

Kind Of

VEHICLE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most general word for high class means of personal transport is perhaps xuān 軒, but see chē 車 in the more general VEHICLE.

2. Niǎn 輦 refers to a man-drawn and man-held cart.

3. Lù 輅 refers to a carriage for very high officials or even the Son of Heaven himself, typically drawn by four horses.

4. Quán 輇 refers to a Han dynasty carriage with solid wooden wheels.

5. Yáo 軺 refers to a convenient and fast small carriage drawn by one horse.

6. Píng 軿 refers to a carriage especially designed for the transportation of distinguished women, with curtains on all sides.

7. Wēn 轀 refers to a comfortable coach for long distance transportation.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006

COMM 16. 重,載重車、輜重車的通稱,用來載物,并可作臥車。

重車因其用途、形制的不同而有不同的名稱。

棧車,一種是士人所乘簡易車,不可臥;另一種是役車,裝載雜物的簡易臥車。

?? 車,西周後期已出現,上古是華美的車,也可作喪車用,漢代起主要作帝王或重要柱臣的高級喪車, 遂易其名為 “?? 輬 ” 。

兩種車均可臥死人,基本形制是:多輪,人牽挽,輿箱方而大,頂蓋及四周封閉,但有門窗可開合調溫;其式樣也多。

輜車,頂部有捲篷,還有後轅以延伸堆物,可以載物與臥人。

軿車,頂部與四周都障蔽,只留前面供上下車,無後轅,是供貴婦人坐臥的專車。

Modern Chinese Criteria

轎車

馬車

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 10.75

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1400

車,輿,輦,軒,軺,

WANG LI 2000 王力古漢語字典 1400

軿,輜

WU SANXING 2008 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci 328

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • n : 22
  • NP[adN] : 8
  • NP : 6
  • NP{N1&N2} : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 16
  • 呂氏春秋 : 4
  • 管子 : 4
  • 韓非子 : 4
  • 說苑 : 3
  • 論語 : 1
  • 毛詩 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 史記 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1

Words

大路   dà lù OC: daads ɡ-raaɡs MC: dɑi luo̝ 8 Attributions
  • NP[adN]N=carriageceremonial carriage (often used as gift)
   xuān OC: qhan MC: hi̯ɐn 6 Attributions

The most general word for high class means of personal transport is perhaps xuān 軒, but see chē 車 in the more general VEHICLE.

  • naristocrat's chariot with curtains to hide the passenger, a status symbol
   lù OC: ɡ-raaɡs MC: luo̝ 6 Attributions

Lù 輅 refers to a carriage for very high officials or even the Son of Heaven himself, typically drawn by four horses.

  • nlarge chariot used by the emperor or very high officials, pulled by servants (the emperor's carriage being standardly called dà shèng 大乘)
   lù OC: ɡ-raaɡs MC: luo̝ 4 Attributions
  • ncarriage
   niǎn OC: renʔ MC: liɛn 2 Attributions

Niǎn 輦 refers to a man-drawn and man-held cart.

  • nman-drawn and man-held cart, handcart, in post-Han times specifically for kings or emperors
   wēn OC: quun MC: ʔuo̝n 2 Attributions

Wēn 轀 refers to a comfortable coach for long distance transportation.

  • nclosed carriage in which one could lie down and sleep
轀車   wēn chē OC: quun khlja MC: ʔuo̝n tɕhɣɛ 2 Attributions
  • NPsleeping carriage
   zhàn OC: dzreenʔ MC: ɖʐɣɛn 1 Attribution
  • nsleeping carriage
乘輿   shèng yú OC: ɢjɯŋs k-la MC: ʑɨŋ ji̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • NP{N1&N2}cariage of an emperor or feudal lord
先路   xiān lù OC: sɯɯn ɡ-raaɡs MC: sen luo̝ 1 Attribution
  • NPelaborately ornamented carriage
從車   cóng chē OC: dzoŋ khlja MC: dzi̯oŋ tɕhɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • naccompanying carriage (used by noblemen)
次路   cì lù OC: snʰis ɡ-raaɡs MC: tshi luo̝ 1 Attribution
  • NPornamented carriage, second to the 先路 highly ornamented variety
軒車   xuān chē OC: qhan khlja MC: hi̯ɐn tɕhɣɛ 1 Attribution
  • NPstately chariot
魚軒   yú xuān OC: ŋɡla qhan MC: ŋi̯ɤ hi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • NParistocratic lady's carriage
   sǔn OC: sqʷlinʔ MC: sʷin 0 Attributions
  • nbamboo carriage (GONGYANG)
   fān OC: pan MC: pi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
  • nadNof the type of a covered carriage for the use of high officials or distinguished ladies
   yáo OC: lew MC: jiɛu 0 Attributions

Yáo 軺 refers to a convenient and fast small carriage drawn by one horse.

  • nconvenient small cart drawn by one horse
   chuán OC: ɡjon MC: dʑiɛn 0 Attributions

Quán 輇 refers to a Han dynasty carriage with solid wooden wheels.

  • ncart with solid wheels (Han times)
軿   píng OC: beeŋ MC: beŋ 0 Attributions

Píng 軿 refers to a carriage especially designed for the transportation of distinguished women, with curtains on all sides.

  • ncart for the use of women with curtains on all sides
   liáng OC: ɡ-raŋ MC: li̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • ncarriage 宣輬
二輿   èr yú OC: njis k-la MC: ȵi ji̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • VPiactto ride in a double carriage
安車   ān chē OC: qaan khlja MC: ʔɑn tɕhɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • NP{vadN}comfortable carriage for long distance travel
軒騎   xuān qí OC: qhan ɡral MC: hi̯ɐn giɛ 0 Attributions
  • naristocrat's chariot with side-riders on horseback as guards
溫輬車 / 溫輬車   wēn liáng chē OC: quun ɡ-raŋ khlja MC: ʔuo̝n li̯ɐŋ tɕhɣɛ wēn liáng jū OC: quun ɡ-raŋ kla MC: ʔuo̝n li̯ɐŋ ki̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • NPcarriage for comfortable travel

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: