Taxonomy of meanings for 既:

  • jì (OC: kɯds MC: kɨi) 居豙切 去 廣韻:【已也盡也又姓吴王夫旣之後居豙切七 】
    • EXHAUST
      • vimiddle voiceget exhausted
      • grammaticalised:ALL
        • vadVcompletely, altogether; all of the objects
      • bygone>PAST
        • vadVbeforehand; in the past
        • action>STOP
          • vadVafter having; having finished; in absolute usage: after a while
    • grammaticalised: modal>ALREADY
      • vadNP{PRED}NP=timealready
      • vadValready
      • subordinating>SINCE
        • padS1.adS2since (it is true that)...;
        • padV.postN{SUBJ}:adSsince
      • co-ordinating>ALSO
        • padS1.+S2one the one hand (... and on the other hand)
        • AND
          • vt[0]+V[0].adSboth (... and) 既...又
      • conditional>IF
        • vadV{PRED}.postN{SUBJ}:adSif
        • contrastive>EVEN IF
          • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSalthough
          • vadV1.adV2although
        • temporal>WHEN
          • padS1.adS2when S1, then S2, as soon as S1 then S2
          • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSwhen
          • postposed>THEREUPON
            • vadV.postN{SUBJ}:adSafter V
            • contrastive> BUT JIE HUIQUAN 2005: 319