Taxonomy of meanings for 取:

  • cǒu (OC: skhooʔ MC: tsʰəu) 倉苟切 上 廣韻:【又七𢈔切 】
  • qǔ (OC: skhoʔ MC: tsʰio) 七庾切 上 廣韻:【收也受也七𢈔切一 】
    • TAKE
      • nabactthe grasping after
      • viacttake things from others
      • vt(oN)take; pick up the contextually determinate N
      • vt+V[0]V=resulttake and V
      • vtoNtake, pick up
      • vtoNfigurativegrasp (with abstract objects); hold on to (an opinion, concept, idea, etc.)
      • vttoN1.+N2take N2 from N1; take N1 from N2
      • vttoN1.+N2reflexive.自take N2 for (oneself)
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2figurativeaccept or take (something N1) (from somebody N2); learn (something N1) from (somebody N2) 取諸人
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2取諸其懷to take (a certain amount or part N1) (from a whole or a place N2), to pick out (something N1) (from a larger group N2)
      • grammaticalised: take X and>OBJECT MARKER
        • vad.VtoNtake the object and V it
      • and bring here>FETCH
        • vtoNpick up, take up; go and get (what one owns), fetch
      • after chase>CATCH
        • vtoNtake in hunt; take by force
        • abstract>OBTAIN
          • nabactobtaining, grasping after (things one would like to have)
          • vt(oN)obtain the contextually determinate object
          • vt[oN]obtain things
          • vtoNobtain (something desirable), gain, win; manage to take over occasionally: get as far as (100 miles)
          • vtoNfigurativeobtain (e.g. gratitude etc)
          • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
          • vttoN1.+prep+N2get N1 from N2
          • vtoNobtain to have in one's legitimate keeping or to legitimately consume it (XUN)
          • vtoNnegativelegitimately obtain as an adverse affect of one's behaviour, be legitimately afflicted by (XUN)
          • object: one’s interests>PROFIT
            • viactopt for profit; go for profit
      • in view of alternatives>CHOOSE
        • nabactpreference; choice
        • vt[oN]make choices; show preferences
        • vt+V[0]choose to V, opt for (doing something); prefer to V
        • vtoNopt for, choose (a thing, an abstract thing, or a person for a job), show preferences for
        • vtoNfigurativemake an intellectual choice for; opt for (something abstract like a course of action or a pose to be taken etc)
        • vtoNpassivebe chosen, be picked out
        • vtoNnegativebring upon oneself
        • vt(oN)make a deliberate choice of N
        • nabfigurativeintellectual choice; philosophical preference
        • =娶 for marriage>MARRY
          • vtoNchoose (someone) as a wife (also for someone else! 為兒娶婦)
          • vt(oN)marry a contextually determinate person, get married to a woman (from a place) 取於
          • vt[oN]get married
          • vt+prep+N{PLACE}take a bride from Npl
          • vt[oN].cmarry (several times)
          • vt+prep+Nget married to; take as a wife (a daughter/relative of)
          • vtoNpassiveget married off
        • prefer>LIKE
          • vt(oN)make a deliberate preferential choice in favour of
          • vt+V[0]prefer to V
          • and collect:GATHER
            • vtoNpick, gather (firewood); get hold of (what one needs)
      • with effort>WIN
        • vt(oN)be able to take the contextually determinate object
        • vtoNattack successfully, take or conquer (a city or a city state) by military force; obtain (a desirable position); win the allegiance of (the people)
        • over difficulty>COPE
          • vtoNPab{S}manage to bring it about that
        • territory:CONQUER
          • vtoNobtain by military force, take possession of by military force
        • object confidence>WIN TRUST
          • vtoNwin the allegiance of
      • passive>RECEIVE
        • vtoNbe exposed to
        • negative>SUFFER
          • vtoNprocesssuffer because of one's own fault, bring upon oneself; be held responsible
          • grammaticalised: be exposed to>PASSIVE MARKER
            • vto:Nab[.post-N]bring upon oneself Nab-ing [or possibly: get oneself VP-ed]; marker of passivisation, specifically self-inflicted suffering of an impact.
        • skill/information>LEARN
          • vt+prep+NfigurativeTAKE FROM> learn from
      • WEAK VERBAL SUFFIX
        • vpostadVverbal suffix
        • vpostadVdesired resultweak verbal suffix (which sometimes seems to indicate a desired result by the speaker, often appearing in sentences expressing a mild imperative/request; these sentences are often marked by sentence final 去)
        • (LATE:)grammaticalised:COMPLETE
          • vpostadVto a complete degree, finishing the action V [MOVE TO WEAK SUFFIXES!]