Taxonomy of meanings for 外:

  • wài (OC: ŋoods MC: ŋʷɑi) 五會切 去 廣韻:【表也逺也五㑹切一 】
    • OUTSIDE
      • n(post-N)Outside the country, outside the state
      • n{PLACE}adVoutside; outside the court; towards the outside; viewed from the outside
      • n(post-N)N=placethe area outside (of the city,the house)
      • n[adN]plurthose on the outside; those outside the family
      • nsubj=nonhumanwhat is outside > external matters
      • nsurfacethe outer surface
      • nabactbeing abroad, not being at home or in one's own state; going abroad
      • nabdimensionthe outside, the external aspect
      • nabeventsomething extraodinary, not in the main trend
      • nabfigurativeoutside
      • nadNnon-insider, outsider; extraneous and independent of oneself; originating from the outside
      • nadNmetaphysicalmerely external; inessential
      • nadSin public life; outside one's family
      • nadVexternally; on the outside; as a visible expression; towards the outside
      • npost-Noutside N
      • npost-Nplaceoutside the N, beyond N
      • npostadVfrom the outside;
      • vadNfigurativefor extraneous purposes
      • vibe external, be something external; be outside, be beyond; occasionally: turn to outsiders
      • vtoNcausative(cause to be outside>) keep at bay, keep away; keep away from the centre of power; cause to be outside (and not inside where it belongs)
      • vtoNputativeregard as external; regard as an outsider
      • npost-.N+ZHIoutside of N, outside the place N
      • nadNfigurativebe external
      • n(post-N)figurativerealm outside (of the contextually determinate N)
      • n[adN1:]post-.N ZHIthose outside
      • npost-Nderivedtime: beyond the time-span designated by N, after N
      • npost-Nabfigurativewhat is irrelevant to Nab
      • vadNexternal (as opposed to what is inside of the family or state); foreign (of affairs etc.)
      • nadVfigurativeelsewhere
      • causative:DISCARD
        • vtoNmedget discarded
        • vtoNpassivebe discarded, be rejected
        • vtoNactreject, discard (abuses, practices etc)
        • abstract: go beyond>LEAP OVER
          • vtoNfigurativego beyond, leave behind
      • visual>APPEARANCE
        • nabfeatureouter appearance
        • PUBLIC
          • vadNexoteric, addressed to a general public
          • vadNin public
    • capital>COUNTRYSIDE
      • viHF 1.3.77: in the field, away from the capital
      • country>ABROAD
        • vadNforeign; of foreign origin; from abroad; not belonging to one's own country
        • vadVabroad; outside of the country
        • person>FOREIGNER
          • n(post-N1.)[adN2]outsider
        • political reason>EXILE
          • vtoNsend out, send into exile
          • iussive>BANISH
            • vtoNbanish
      • male lineage: maternal>MOTHER
        • vadNbelonging to maternal lineage 外戚 “consort families"
      • semantic>UNTRUE
        • vadNexternal to the true faith> heterodox 外書 "heterodox writings"
        • school>HETERODOX
          • vadNheterodox
          • religion: >SECULAR
            • vadNnon-Buddhist
    • late, colloquial>THEREUPON
      • npost-Noutside (a timeframe) > after N, the time after N (this is a vernacular usage of 外 which appeared during the Tang ?)