BANISH  放逐

PUNISH someone so as to COMMAND HIM/HER to LEAVE the STATE of which he/she is a CITIZEN OR in which he/she LIVES.
EXILEEXPELDEPORTEJECTEXPATRIATEOSTRACIZEEXTRADITEREPATRIATETRANSPORTCAST OUTOUSTEVICTTHROW OUTEXCLUDESHUT OUTBAN
See also

DEMOTEDISMISS

Kind Of

PUNISH

Old Chinese Criteria

[BASIC/MARGINAL]

[CURRENT/RARE]

[DRAMATIC/UNDRAMATIC]

[GENERAL/SPECIFIC]

[LASTING/TEMPORARY]

1. The main general word is fàng 放 (ant. huán 還 "reinstate as a citizen and inhabitant of a country"), which refers to any official act of removing a person from his permanent abode for a certain time, or in perpetuity.

[LASTING], [OFFICIAL]

2. Chū 出 refers abstractly to the act of causing someone to leave a territory.

[GENERAL], [MARGINAL]

3. Zhú 逐 refers informally and more dramatically to the action of driving away someone not necessarily on the basis of an official or legal decision.

[DRAMATIC]

4. Qū 軀 is a dramatic term for the removal of a person or animal from one's presence.

[DRAMATIC+], [MARGINAL]; [[RARE]]

5. Chù 黜, biǎn 貶 and zhé 謫 "banish from office (and remove to lower office)" (ant. zhuó 擢 "appoint to a higher position") are perhaps marginal in this group, but these common bureaucratic term describing the demotion of a person from his position and often his banishment from the court. See DEMOTE.

[OFFICIAL]

Modern Chinese Criteria

驅逐

流放

流配

發配 refers to banishment to frontier garrison.

刺配 refers to tatooing followed by exiling.

充軍 refers to banishment to a military colony.

放逐

處以流刑

驅逐出境

謫 (obs) refers to demotion in the form of banishment.

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

MENGE Lateinische Synonymik

REY 2005 Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise 4.1543

JONES 2005 Encyclopedia of Religion

EXPULSION

ROBERTS 1998 Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography 299

EXPEL

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 92
  • nab : 2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 2
  • VPtoN : 2
  • vadN : 1
  • NPab : 1

Attributions by text

  • 春秋左傳 : 64
  • 韓非子 : 8
  • 戰國策 : 6
  • 孟子 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 3
  • 尚書 : 2
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 管子 : 2
  • 莊子 : 2
  • 史記 : 2
  • 墨子 : 1
  • 論衡 : 1
  • 山海經 : 1
  • 韓詩外傳 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 六祖壇經 : 1

Words

   zhú OC: rlɯwɡ MC: ɖuk 75 Attributions

Zhú 逐 refers informally and more dramatically to the action of driving away someone not necessarily on the basis of an official or legal decision. [DRAMATIC]

  • vtoNchase away, drive away; banish from one's presence; oust (a ruler etc)
  • vtoNpassiveget chased away, get ousted
   fàng OC: paŋs MC: pi̯ɐŋ 6 Attributions

The main general word is fàng 放 (ant. huán 還 "reinstate as a citizen and inhabitant of a country"), which refers to any official act of removing a person from his permanent abode for a certain time, or in perpetuity. [LASTING], [OFFICIAL]

  • nabactbeing exiled
  • vadNbanished
  • vtoNsend away, banish, expel, oust
  • vtoNpassivebe banished from (an office)
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2banish N1 to the place N2
   chū OC: khljud MC: tɕhʷit 5 Attributions

Chū 出 refers abstractly to the act of causing someone to leave a territory. [GENERAL], [MARGINAL]

  • vtoNdrive out, expel
  • vtoNpassivebe banished
   qū OC: kho MC: khi̯o 3 Attributions

Qū 軀 is a dramatic term for the removal of a person or animal from one's presence. [DRAMATIC+], [MARGINAL]; [[RARE]]

  • vtoNdrive out; drive away
   wáng OC: maŋ MC: mi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt(oN)causativecause a contextually determinate N to flee
  • vtoNcausativecause to flee, cause to go into exile> banish
   wài OC: ŋoods MC: ŋɑi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNbanish
   jí OC: kɯɡ MC: kɨk 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpassivebe banished
   liú OC: ru MC: lɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativepost-Han: send into exile
  • nabbanishment
   biǎn OC: promʔ MC: piɛm 1 Attribution

Chù 黜, biǎn 貶 and zhé 謫 "banish from office (and remove to lower office)" (ant. zhuó 擢 "appoint to a higher position") are perhaps marginal in this group, but these common bureaucratic term describing the demotion of a person from his position and often his banishment from the court. See DEMOTE. [OFFICIAL]

  • vtoNpassivebe (demoted and) banished to
   chèn OC: kh-lɯns MC: ʈhin 1 Attribution
  • vtoNexpel, drive out, get rid of (Tang vernacular: BIANWEN, HANSHAN, 韓愈)
   qiǎn OC: khenʔ MC: khiɛn 1 Attribution
  • vtoNsend away, order to leave the state
澄汰   chéng tài OC: dɯŋ thaads MC: ɖɨŋ thɑi 1 Attribution
  • NPabactBUDDH: washing away dirt > get rid of the bad and unuseful > persecution (of Buddhism) (chéngtài usually refers to the Buddhist persecution in 845 by Emperor Wǔzōng 武宗. This suppression of Buddhism is also referred to as Huìchāng 會昌 persecution. Chéngtài is very uncommon to refer to this event. More current is shātài 沙汰 (Huìchāng shātài 會昌沙汰, see for example ZTJ 4.103). The literary meaning of chéngtài is close to the that of shātài 'to clean away dirt and sediment'. On the suppression of Buddhism in 845 see Ch'en 1973: 226-233.
迫逐   pò zhú OC: praaɡ rlɯwɡ MC: pɣɛk ɖuk 1 Attribution
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2drive out N1 to the place N2
逐出   zhú chū OC: rlɯwɡ khljud MC: ɖuk tɕhʷit 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativebanish
遷流   qiān liú OC: tshen ru MC: tshiɛn lɨu 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassivebe banished so as to end up in
   zhé OC: krleeɡ MC: ʈɣɛk 0 Attributions

Chù 黜, biǎn 貶 and zhé 謫 "banish from office (and remove to lower office)" (ant. zhuó 擢 "appoint to a higher position") are perhaps marginal in this group, but these common bureaucratic term describing the demotion of a person from his position and often his banishment from the court. See DEMOTE. [OFFICIAL]

       chù OC: khrlud MC: ʈhʷit 0 Attributions

    Chù 黜, biǎn 貶 and zhé 謫 "banish from office (and remove to lower office)" (ant. zhuó 擢 "appoint to a higher position") are perhaps marginal in this group, but these common bureaucratic term describing the demotion of a person from his position and often his banishment from the court. See DEMOTE. [OFFICIAL] [OFFICIAL]

      削籍   xiāo jí OC: smewɡ sɡaɡ MC: si̯ɐk dziɛk 0 Attributions
      • NPrevocation of citizenship, removal from the population register
      放棄   fàng qì OC: paŋs khils MC: pi̯ɐŋ khi 0 Attributions
      • VPtoNpassiveintensitive??: be banished so as to be completely discarded
      遣去   qiǎn qù OC: khenʔ khas MC: khiɛn khi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
      • VPt(oN)resultativesend away
      驅遣   qū qiǎn OC: kho khenʔ MC: khi̯o khiɛn 0 Attributions
      • NPabactbanishment
      • VPtoNfigurativebanish HYCD: 1.逐之使去;驅趕。
         yuàn OC: ɢʷans MC: ɦi̯ɐn 0 Attributions
      • vtoNbanish to a distant place

      Existing SW for

      Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: