MARRY  結婚娶/嫁

CAUSE someone to BECOME a HUSBAND OR a WIFE.
MARRIAGEGET/BE MARRIEDWEDBE WEDBECOME MAN AND WIFEINFORMAL TIE THE KNOTWALK DOWN THE AISLETAKE THE PLUNGEGET SPLICEDGET HITCHEDSAY “I DO”WEDDINGWEDDING CEREMONYMARRIAGE CEREMONYNUPTIALSUNIONWEDDING
Antonym

DIVORCESTOP one's MARRIAGE.

Hypernym

CHOOSETAKE:opt-for one THING WHILE BELIEVING that one is ABLE to TAKE OTHER THINGS. See also DECIDE. -> TAKEOBTAIN a THING OFTEN by REMOVING it from its PLACE OR OWNER so as to HAVE it ONESELF. -> OBTAINBEGIN to HAVE. -> BEGINENDURINGLY STOP NOT to ACT OR to BE RESEMBLING:as in the PAST. -> STOPACT so as NOT to CONTINUE NOW:present ACTION. -> ACTMOVE OR NOT MOVE CONFORMING to one's SELF:own DECIDE:decision. -> MOVECHANGE PLACE OR SITUATION. -> CHANGEEVENT involving two MOMENTS t1 and t2, such that a THING at the MOMENT t1 is DIFFERENT FROM that THING at the MOMENT t2. -> EVENTREALITY that ARISES in TIME. -> REALITYEXIST and NOT ONLY BE IMAGINED. -> EXISTBE-IN the UNIVERSE of SPACE AND TIME. -> BE INRELATION between a THING AND what that THING FILLS OR PART:partially FILLS. -> RELATIONFEATURE of TWO OR MORE THINGS TOGETHER. -> FEATUREABSTRACT OBJECT a THING is SAID to BE OR to HAVE. -> OBJECT[NO HYPERNYM.] WHAT one CAN NAME:refer to. -> PRIME -> N/A

See also

BRIDEWOMAN who is FUTURE:about to be MARRIED to someone.HUSBANDMALE ADULT MARRIED MATE.

Hyponym
Old Chinese Criteria

1. The general term for marriage as such is the relatively rare word hūn 婚 and the even rarer hūn yīn 婚 / 昏姻 which refer to marriage in general and not to marriage as seen from the perspective of one of the parties.

2. The general term for a man marrying a woman is qǔ 娶 (ant. chū 出 "divorce").

3. The general term for a woman marrying a man is jià 嫁 (No antonym, since women could not seek divorce.).

4. Guī 歸 refers to a woman leaving her own clan and moving into ther husband's household.

5. Qì 妻 refers to the convention of giving away a woman in marriage to a man.

6. Shì 室 refers to the act of establishing a household through taking a wife.

7. Shì 適 refers to a woman finding a husband (no doubt as a result of a parental decision, but this is not what is focussed on here).

8. Gòu 媾 refers to double intermarriage between two clans such that a son or daughter of family X marries into family Y, and in addition another marriage is conducted so that another son or daughter from X marries another son or daughter of family Y.

黄金貴:古漢語同義詞辨釋詞典

HUANG JINGUI 2006 HUMAN AFFAIRS 51.

昏(婚),結婚,通稱。

媾,親上加親的結婚。

配,許配,女子與男子成婚。

HUMAN AFFAIRS 51.OF WOMEN: GET MARRIED

歸,最早表示女子出嫁之詞,多用於春秋以後。

嫁,晚於 “ 歸 ” ,特指出嫁於大夫以上的男子。多用於春秋以後。

適,出嫁於士或庶人,常帶賓語 “ 人 ” 。

字,中古以後表出嫁的口語詞。

HUMAN AFFAIRS 52. OF MEN:

取(娶),取女,通稱。

尚,男子娶帝王之女為妻,專稱。

Modern Chinese Criteria

結婚

成婚

婚配

完婚

成親

安家

成家

結合

拜堂

拜天地

合巹

圓房

結縭

結褵

片合

判合

辦喜事

洞房花燭

聯姻

締姻

牽絲

通婚

結親

換親

匹配

結絲蘿

通二姓之好

成秦晉之好

婚嫁

婚娶

婚媾

娶親

討親

討老婆

迎娶

授室

有室

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

  • A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages ( BUCK 1988) p. 2.34

  • Lateinische Synonyme und Etymologien ( DOEDERLEIN 1840) p.

    MARRIAGE

    coniugium is the permanent association bewteen males and females that also occurs among non-humans.

    contubernium refers to marital arrangements between slaves.

    matrimonium refers to marital arrangements between free citizens.

    nuptiae refers to the entering into marital arrangements between free citizens.

  • Traite elementaire des synonymes grecques ( DUFOUR 1910) p. 113

  • Anthologia sive Florilegium rerum et materiarum selectarum ( LANGIUS 1631) p.

    CONJUGIUM

    MARITUS

    MATRIMONIUM

    NUPTIAE

  • Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian ( Mel'cuk 1984) p. 163ff

  • Tolkovo-kombinatornyj slovar' sovremmenogo russkogo jazyka. Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary of Modern Russian ( Mel'cuk 1984) p. 322

  • () p. 201

  • Dictionnaire culturel en langue francaise ( REY 2005) p. 3.371

  • 中國文化史三百題 ( SANBAITI 1987) p. 378+383

  • Das grosse China-Lexikon ( STAIGER 2003) p. 299

  • "Sachwoerterbuch zum Alten China" ( UNGER SACH) p.

    EHE

    EXOGAMIE

    HEIRAT

    INCEST

  • 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci ( WU SANXING 2008) p. 82ff

  • 中國文化背景八千詞 Zhongguo wenhua beijing ba qian ci ( WU SANXING 2008) p. 154

  • Using Chinese Synonyms ( GRACE ZHANG 2010) p. 228

  • Encyclopedia of Religion ( JONES 2005) p.

  • Encyclopedia of Social and Cultural Anthropology ( BARNARD AND SPENCER 2002) p.

    MARRIAGE

  • Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge ( PILLON 1850) p. no.139/40

  • A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms ( T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004) p. NO.139

  • New Dictiornary of the History of Ideas, 6 vols. ( HOROWITZ 2005) p.

  • Encyclopedia of Comparative Iconography ( ROBERTS 1998) p. 553

  • Bibliographisches Handbuch zur Sprachinhaltsforschung. Teil II. Systematischer Teil. B. Ordnung nach Sinnbezirken (mit einem alphabetischen Begriffsschluessel): Der Mensch und seine Welt im Spiegel der Sprachforschung ( FRANKE 1989) p. 68B

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 12
  • NPab : 5
  • vt+prep+N : 3
  • vt[oN] : 2
  • VPi : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1
  • VPi : 1
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2 : 1
  • VPt(oN) : 1
  • VPtoN : 1

Attributions by text

  • 賢愚經 : 9
  • 禮記 : 4
  • 史記 : 4
  • 春秋穀梁傳 : 3
  • 祖堂集 : 2
  • 百喻經 : 2
  • 天中記 : 1
  • 說苑 : 1
  • 春秋公羊傳 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 孟子 : 1

Words

取 / 娶   qǔ OC: skhoʔ MC: tshi̯o qǔ OC: skhos MC: tshi̯o 5 Attributions

The general term for a man marrying a woman is qǔ 娶 (ant. chū 出 "divorce"). The general term for a man marrying a woman is qǔ 娶 (ant. chū 出 "divorce").

  • vtoNchoose (someone) as a wife (also for someone else! 為兒娶婦)
  • vt(oN)marry a contextually determinate person, get married to a woman (from a place) 取於
  • vt[oN]get married
  • vt+prep+N{PLACE}take a bride from Npl
  • vt[oN].cmarry (several times)
  • vt+prep+Nget married to; take as a wife (a daughter/relative of)
  • vtoNpassiveget married off
   jià OC: kraas MC: kɣɛ 5 Attributions

The general term for a woman marrying a man is jià 嫁 (No antonym, since women could not seek divorce.).

  • vadNmarried
  • vt[oN](of women) get married; get married off
  • vt[oN]actget married to someone else
  • vtoNget married to
  • vtoNcausativemarry off one's daughter to; marry off one's concubine
  • vtoNN=womanmarry off one's daughter or daughter-in-law
  • vtoNpassiveget married off; be married
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2marry a contextually determinate person N1 off to N2
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2marry off (sombody N1) to (somone N2)昔秦伯嫁其女於晉公子
  • vt+prep+Nget married to someone from N
  • vt(oN)get married off to the contextually determinate N
婚姻 / 昏姻   hūn yīn OC: hmuun qin MC: huo̝n ʔin hūn yīn OC: hmuun qin MC: huo̝n ʔin 4 Attributions
  • NPabactmarriage SHI; relationships by marriage
   guī OC: klul MC: kɨi 3 Attributions

Guī 歸 refers to a woman leaving her own clan and moving into ther husband's household.

  • vt[oN](of woman) marry
  • vt+prep+Nbecome linked in marriage to
   qiú OC: ɡu MC: gɨu 2 Attributions
  • vt(oN)ask for the contextually determinate person in marriage
  • vtoNask for in marriage (on behalf of a third person)
奔 / 奔   bēn OC: pɯɯn MC: puo̝n bèn OC: pɯɯns MC: puo̝n 1 Attribution
  • vtoNtake as a wife without fromal ceremony; elope with
   qì OC: tshiils MC: tshei 1 Attribution

Qì 妻 refers to the convention of giving away a woman in marriage to a man.

  • vt(oN1.)+VtoN2marry N2 to the contextually determinate N1
  • vttoN1.post-vtoN2{OBJ}provide (someone N1) with a wife (often one's own daughter)
  • vtoNpassivebe given a wife in marriage 可妻
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2marry the contextually determinate person N1 off to N2
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2cause to take as a wife> marry (one's daughter N2) off (to someone N1), give away as a wife (one's daughter N2) to (someone N1) 以其女妻之
  • vtoNmarry into (somebody N's family)
  • vttoN1:+vtoN2provide N1 with the wife N2; marry N1 off to N2
  • vtoNN=bridegroommarry off to one's own daughter
婚 / 昏   hūn OC: hmuun MC: huo̝n hūn OC: hmuun MC: huo̝n 1 Attribution

The general term for marriage as such is the relatively rare word hūn 婚 and the even rarer hūn yīn 婚/昏姻 which refer to marriage in general and not to marriage as seen from the perspective of one of the parties. The general term for marriage as such is the relatively rare word hūn 婚 and the even rarer hūn yīn 婚/昏姻 which refer to marriage in general and not to marriage as seen from the perspective of one of the parties.

  • nabactmarriage
  • vadNmarriage related
  • vibe intermarried; be related by marriage
  • vt+prep+Nenter into marriage alliance with
  • vtoNmarry into, get married to
  • viactestablish a marriage
   pìn OC: phleŋs MC: phiɛŋ 1 Attribution
  • vt[oN]get married to someone
  • vtoNinvite to become one's wife> marry
  • vt+prep+Nask to marry a person from N (also on behalf of someone else!)
   shì OC: qljeɡ MC: ɕiɛk 1 Attribution

Shì 適 refers to a woman finding a husband (no doubt as a result of a parental decision, but this is not what is focussed on here).

  • vt[oN]get married
  • vtoNof woman: go out and get married to
夫婦   fū fù OC: pa buʔ MC: pi̯o bɨu 1 Attribution
  • NPabrelationalmarital relations
嫁處   jià chù OC: kraas qhljas MC: kɣɛ tɕhi̯ɤ 1 Attribution
  • VPiactget married
納娶   nà qǔ OC: nuub skhos MC: nəp tshi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPt(oN)find a wife for
聘取   pìn qǔ OC: phleŋs skhoʔ MC: phiɛŋ tshi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativeinvite to marriage so as to marry> marry a woman
取妻   qǔ qī MC: tshjuX tshej OC: skhoʔ tshiil 1 Attribution
  • VPiget married
   nǜ OC: nas MC: ɳi̯ɤ 0 Attributions
  • vttoN1+.vtoN2omgive (someone) as one's daughter in marriage to someone contextually determinate
   yīn OC: qin MC: ʔin 0 Attributions
  • nadNmarriage-related ZUO
   gòu OC: koos MC: ku 0 Attributions

Gòu 媾 refers to double intermarriage between two clans such that a son or daughter of family X marries into family Y, and in addition another marriage is conducted so that another son or daughter from X marries another son or daughter of family Y.

  • vt[oN]marry (illicitly) within one's own lineage
   pín OC: bin MC: bin 0 Attributions
  • vt[oN]marry (of a woman) SHU
   shì OC: qhljiɡ MC: ɕit 0 Attributions

Shì 室 refers to the act of establishing a household through taking a wife.

  • vt[oN]establish a family; get married
  • vtoNN=bridegroomgive N one's own daughter in marriage
   shàng OC: djaŋs MC: dʑi̯ɐŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNmarry a lady of high status SHIJI: 尚秦公主 "married a Qín princess"
   lì OC: ɡ-rub MC: lip 0 Attributions
  • vtoNestablish as one's main wife.
姻娉   yīn pìng OC: qin phleŋs MC: ʔin phiɛŋ 0 Attributions
  • VPichangebecome married, get a wife, enquire about suitable marriage partners ?? (exceedingly rare compound)
嫁娶   jià qǔ OC: kraas skhos MC: kɣɛ tshi̯o 0 Attributions
  • VPtoN?????
嫁得   jià dé OC: kraas tɯɯɡ MC: kɣɛ tək 0 Attributions
  • VPtoNmanage to get married to (as a woman)
有婚   yǒu hūn OC: ɢʷɯʔ hmuun MC: ɦɨu huo̝n 0 Attributions
  • VPibe married
繼室   jì shì OC: keeɡs qhljiɡ MC: kei ɕit 0 Attributions
  • VPt+prep+Nget remarried with N (as one's principal wife)
  • VPt+.vtoN{OBJ}take N as one's new wife
許嫁   xǔ jià OC: hŋaʔ kraas MC: hi̯ɤ kɣɛ 0 Attributions
  • VPt+prep+Nget promised-and-married-off to (a place)
   pìng MC: phjiengH OC: phleŋs 0 Attributions
  • vtoNget engaged with (that engagement usually being accompanied by gifts)
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)choose for marriage by formal ritual arrangements (the choice not usually being made by the groom to be)
娉取   pìng qǔ MC: phjiengH tshjuX OC: phleŋs skhoʔ 0 Attributions
  • VPt(oN)choose for marriage by formal ritual arrangements (the choice not usually being made by the groom to be)

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: