GATHER  收集

DISPLACE THINGS TOGETHER INTO ONE PLACE.
COLLECTACCUMULATEAMASSGARNERACCRUESTORESTOCKPILEHOARDPUT AWAY/BYLAY BY/ININFORMAL STASH AWAYSQUIRREL AWAY
Taxonoymy

ACCUMULATEMOBILISEBIND

Antonymy

SCATTER

See also

UNITE

Kind Of

DISPLACE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The most current general term for the temporary assembling of things is jù 聚 (ant. sàn 散 "spread") which can refer to the gathering together of what does not necessarily belong together and of what is not necessarily of the same kind and what will disperse or be dispersed.

2. Liǎn 斂 (ant. sàn 散 "spread") refers to a human action of assembling things, prototypically taxes or the like, for future use.

3. Shí 拾 "pick up" and qǔ 取 "pick, take" can come to refer to the gathering together for future use articles of common use, but occasionally these words can also take abstract objects in which case the nuance of gathering these for future use is retained.

Modern Chinese Criteria

收集 is the current modern word for gathering things together or collecting things.

搜集

徵集

募集

採錄

集錄

採訪

採擷

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 12.21

COMENIUS 1665 De Rerum Humanarum Emendatione 492

CONGERIES hominum, Caetus; lignorum, Strues; Lapidum aut terrae, Agger; Congeries rerum majorum Cumulus; minorum, Acervus; pecorum Agmen, minorum Grex; majorum Armentum; Fluidorum Confluxus; Sordidorum, Colluvies etc.

HANFEI TONGYI 2004 韓非子同義詞研究 129

LUNHENG TONGYI 2004 論衡同義詞研究 128

PILLON 1850 Handbook of Greek Synonymes, from the French of M. Alex. Pillon, Librarian of the Bibliothèque Royale , at Paris, and one of the editors of the new edition of Plaché's Dictionnaire Grec-Français, edited, with notes, by the Rev. Thomas Kerchever Arnold, M.A. Rector of Lyndon, and late fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge no. 9

T.W.HARBSMEIER 2004 A New Dictionary of Classical Greek Synonyms no. 9

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vtoN : 102
  • vi : 17
  • VPtoN : 6
  • vttoN1.+N2 : 3
  • vt(oN) : 2
  • vadV : 2
  • vadN : 2
  • n : 2
  • vt(+prep+N) : 1
  • vt+prep+N : 1
  • vt+N : 1
  • NP : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 33
  • 春秋左傳 : 25
  • 管子 : 15
  • 祖堂集 : 13
  • 孟子 : 6
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 說苑 : 4
  • 莊子 : 4
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 荀子 : 3
  • 論語 : 3
  • 百喻經 : 3
  • 史記 : 2
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 2
  • 臨濟錄 : 2
  • 毛詩 : 2
  • 戰國策 : 2
  • 六祖壇經 : 2
  • 文子 : 2
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 1
  • 呂氏春秋 : 1
  • 鹽鐵論 : 1
  • 周易 : 1
  • 淮南子 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 楚辭 : 1
  • 五行 : 1

Words

聚 / 聚   jù OC: sɡos MC: dzi̯o jù OC: sɡoʔ MC: dzi̯o 39 Attributions

The most current general term for the temporary assembling of things is jù 聚 (ant. sàn 散 "spread") which can refer to the gathering together of what does not necessarily belong together and of what is not necessarily of the same kind and what will disperse or be dispersed. The most current general term for the temporary assembling of things is jù 聚 (ant. sàn 散 "spread") which can refer to the gathering together of what does not necessarily belong together and of what is not necessarily of the same kind and what will disperse or be dispersed.

  • viactmostly of persons, but occasionally also of things like insects: assemble
  • vtoNassemble persons or things; amass; gather around oneself
  • nabprocesscoalescence
  • vtoNpassivebe amassed in one place
  • vtoNchangeto become assembled; to become dense and abundant (of population);
  • vtoNfigurativegather (resentful forces)
  • vtoNN=placegather in (a place)
  • npluralconglomerations
  • vttoN1.+N2collect N1 in place N2
  • vadNpassiveaccumulated
  • vt(oN)gather the contextually determinate objects N
  • vtoNgather around
   jí OC: sɡub MC: dzip 24 Attributions

Jí 集 (ant. sàn 散 "spread") is to form a group, flock, or unit, and when used transitively, the word does not tend to take concrete objects in the manner of jī 積. See ACCUMULATE.

  • vadNaccumulated; concentrated
  • vadVall in all; summa summarum
  • viact(both of humans and of things) assemble SHIJI 百鬼集矣"all the ghosts and spirits had already assembled"
  • vt+Nassemble in the place N
  • vtoNcollect
  • vtoNcausativeassemble, collect together
  • vtoNpassivebe assembled, take proper shape
   shōu OC: qjiw MC: ɕɨu 17 Attributions

Shōu 收, which always has humans subjects, is to admit into a pre-existing assembly of things permanently or for a time.

  • vtoNassemble; garner; take in, allow to join; gather in; gather up, gather together (one's things)
  • vtoNpassivebe allowed to join, be collected
   hé OC: ɡloob MC: ɦəp 14 Attributions

Hé 合 (ant. sàn 散 "spread") is to bring together for a time what does belong together as a group.

  • vtoNassemble, call together (the feudal lords), convoke 九合諸侯
  • vtoNmiddle voicebe gathered together
  • vt(+prep+N)to gather at the contextually determinate place
   jí OC: skrib MC: ʈʂip 6 Attributions
  • vtoNto collect; to gather together (and not use)
  • vtoNpassivebe gathered together (in their propoer place, instead of being distributed and used)
  • vt(oN)gather together (instead of using) the contextually determinate things
   shí OC: ɡljub MC: dʑip 6 Attributions

Shí 拾 "pick up" and qǔ 取 "pick, take" can come to refer to the gathering together for future use articles of common use, but occasionally these words can also take abstract objects in which case the nuance of gathering these for future use is retained.

  • vtoNZZ: gather (acorns and chestnuts); HF: pick up in the street (lost items), pick up (a silkworm)
結集   jié jí OC: kiid sɡub MC: ket dzip 5 Attributions
  • NPcompilation
  • VPtoNcausativecause to be assembled > collect together > compile
   bìng OC: peŋs MC: piɛŋ 4 Attributions

Bìng 并 (ant. fēn 分 "separate into different parts") is to bring together things (e.g. troops) for a certain purpose.

  • viactcome together, assemble
  • vtoNgather together, hoard; gather (troops etc); unite
   zǒng OC: skooŋʔ MC: tsuŋ 4 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to form a group
  • vadVgathering in one unity
  • vtoNcausativegather N in one's hands
   shè OC: qhljeb MC: ɕiɛp 3 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to combine > gather
   liǎn OC: ɡ-romʔ MC: liɛm 3 Attributions

Liǎn 斂 (ant. sàn 散 "spread") refers to a human action of assembling things, prototypically taxes or the like, for future use.

  • viactgather things, collect stuff
  • vtoNgather together; [roll up][CA]
   qǔ OC: skhoʔ MC: tshi̯o 2 Attributions
  • vtoNpick, gather (firewood); get hold of (what one needs)
   zhēng OC: tɯŋ MC: ʈɨŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNassemble (an armed force)
  • vttoN1.+N2gather (by authority) N1 from N2
   cuì OC: sɡuds MC: dzi 2 Attributions
  • ncrowd
  • vtoNto assemble; to gather
  • vt+prep+Nconverge on, concentrate the military forces on
   zuì OC: skoods MC: tsɑi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcollect; accumulate
   mù OC: maaɡs MC: muo̝ 1 Attribution
  • viactconduct the collection of money
  • vtoNcollect (money for a purpose) HYDCD: 1. 募集;招求。
   duó OC: k-lood MC: tʷɑt 1 Attribution
  • vtoNgather, collect; pick up
  • vtoNfigurativebe picked up > by dominated by; be lured off ????
   huì OC: ɡloobs MC: ɦɑi 1 Attribution
  • vtoNgather together
   mào OC: moows MC: mɑu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNpoetic and archaic, SHI 1: gather (vegetables etc.)
   bāo OC: pruu MC: pɣɛu 1 Attribution
  • viactget together, gather as a group or a unit
   dūn OC: dzuun MC: dzuo̝n 1 Attribution
  • vtoNgather, collect together
拾取   shí qǔ OC: ɡljub skhoʔ MC: dʑip tshi̯o 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNgather, collect
採集   cǎi jí OC: tshɯɯʔ sɡub MC: tshəi dzip 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativepluck so as to gather
   huì OC: ɡluulʔ MC: ɦuo̝i 0 Attributions
  • vtoNconcourse; flow together; only used of the confluence of streams
    OC:  MC:  0 Attributions
  • vtoNcollect
   jū OC: ko MC: ki̯o 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcollect
   jiū OC: tsiw MC: tsɨu 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcollect; bring together
   cuán OC:  MC: dzʷɑn 0 Attributions
  • vtoNN=placecollect on, get together on
   bì OC: bis MC: bi 0 Attributions
  • vtoNassemble (SHI)
   zū OC: skaa MC: tsuo̝ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNto collect; hoard
   jí OC: sɡib MC: dzip 0 Attributions
  • vtoNSHU, collect, store up; stud with
   qí OC: dziil MC: dzei 0 Attributions
  • vtoNcall to come together RULINWAISHI
   gōng OC: koŋ MC: ki̯oŋ 0 Attributions
  • vtoNOBI: gather together, assemble

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: