SCATTER  分散

DISPLACE so as to CAUSE TO PARTS TO BE IN MANY DIFFERENT PLACES.
SPREADTHROWSTREWTOSSFLINGSPRINKLESPREADDISTRIBUTESOWBROADCASTDISSEMINATEDISPERSEBREAK UPDISBANDSEPARATEMOVE/GO IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONSGO SEPARATE WAYSDISSIPATEDISSOLVEDRIVESENDPUT TO FLIGHTCHASE
Antonymy

ACCUMULATEGATHER

Kind Of

DISPLACE

Old Chinese Criteria

1. The current standard word for scattering anything in any way is sǎn 散.

2. Bù 布 is prototypically to spread something with a positive purpose.

3. Shī 施 refers to dispensing something in many places and thus spreading it around, and the object of spreading is usually a benefit.

4. Pǔ 普 refers abstractly to something being spread over a considerable area.

5. Kuì 潰 refers to being scattered and thus ruined.

6. Lí 離 refers to the scattering or separation of what would naturally belong together.

7. Bò 播 refers to scattering as dissemination for good use.

Modern Chinese Criteria

分散

疏散

散開

離披

散落

散散落落

星散

雲散

雨散

星離雨散

風流雲散

離散

蕩析

離析

天各一方

妻離子散

鸞飄鳳泊

鳳泊鸞飄

別鶴孤鸞

勞燕分飛

伯勞飛燕

鳥獸散

樹倒猢猻散

擴散

放散

逃散

失散

流散

不歡而散

一哄而散

rough draft to BEGIN TO identify synonym group members for analysis, based on CL etc. 18.11.2003. CH /

BUCK 1988 A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Principal Indo-European Languages 9.34

GIRARD 1769 SYNONYMES FRANÇOIS, LEURS DIFFÉRENTES SIGNIFICATIONS, ET LE CHOIX QU'IL EN FAUT FAIRE Pour parler avec justesse 2.322:216

VERSER.REPANDRE

Attributions by syntactic funtion

  • vi : 40
  • vtoN : 35
  • VPi : 5
  • vt+prep+N : 5
  • vadN : 4
  • vtoN.adS : 2
  • VPtoN : 2
  • vi : 1
  • vt(oN) : 1
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2 : 1
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • vadV : 1
  • VPttoN1.+prep+N2 : 1
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2 : 1

Attributions by text

  • 韓非子 : 18
  • 春秋左傳 : 14
  • 祖堂集 : 14
  • 孟子 : 10
  • 禮記 : 5
  • 賢愚經 : 4
  • 六祖壇經 : 4
  • 陸機集十一卷 : 3
  • 呂氏春秋 : 3
  • 毛詩 : 3
  • 戰國策 : 3
  • 說苑 : 2
  • 論語 : 2
  • 鹽鐵論 : 2
  • 淮南子 : 2
  • 老子 : 2
  • 荀子 : 2
  • 公孫龍子 : 1
  • 阮籍集四卷 : 1
  • 孫子 : 1
  • 莊子 : 1
  • 孝經 : 1
  • 黃帝內經 : 1
  • 法集要頌經 : 1
  • 法句經 : 1

Words

   sàn OC: sqaans MC: sɑn 26 Attributions

The current standard word for scattering anything in any way is sàn 散.

  • vadNscattered
  • vibe dispersed; be scattered; be in a state of dispersion
  • vifigurativebe made to disintegrate
  • vimiddle voicescatter in all directions; be disunited
  • vt(oN)distribute the contextually determinate things
  • vtoNscatter (things); disband (what belongs together or has formed a group)
  • vtoNfigurativescatter so as to cause to disintegrate
  • vtoNN=placescatter all over the place N
  • vtoNpassivebe scattered, spread; be diluted, be dissolved
  • vtoNspenddistribute, spread; spend, disemburse; give away
  • vifigurativediffuse, confused
   kuì OC: ɡluuds MC: ɦuo̝i 12 Attributions

Kuì 潰 refers to being scattered and thus ruined.

  • vichangebe scattered; to become scattered[disperse]
  • vtoNscatter
   bù OC: paas MC: puo̝ 10 Attributions

Bù 布 is prototypically to spread something with a positive purpose.

  • viprocessspread out, get dissolved (as clouds)
  • vt+NN=placebe spread all over N
  • vt+prep+Nmiddle voicebe scattered throughout; permeate throughout
  • vtoNto spread; spread and give away
  • vtt(oN1.)+N2N2=placespread N1 in place N2
  • vttoN1:postvtoN2spread N1 in the place N2
  • vtoNmake distant from each other
   lí OC: b-rel MC: liɛ 7 Attributions

Lí 離 refers to the scattering or separation of what would naturally belong together.

  • vichangeto become separated from their homes and relatives
  • vtoNseparate, break up (e.g. alliances)
   yáng OC: k-laŋ MC: ji̯ɐŋ 5 Attributions
  • vtoNscatter about
  • vtoNfigurativepromote, popularize, spread
  • vttoN1.+prep+N2spread N1 in or to the place or time N2
   pǔ OC: phaaʔ MC: phuo̝ 5 Attributions

Pǔ 普 refers abstractly to something being spread over a considerable area.

  • vadV(reach) widely
  • vibe far-reaching, spread widely
  • vtoN.adSspreading throughout N 普天之下...
  • vtoNfigurativescatter > spread to, reach to > include
   bō OC: paals MC: pʷɑ 4 Attributions

Bò 播 refers to scattering as dissemination for good use.

  • vt+prep+Nfigurativedisseminate among, spread among, popularize among
  • vtoNdisseminate; spread abroad
  • vtoNfigurativescatter > disseminate, propagate
   fū OC: phla MC: phi̯o 4 Attributions
  • viscatter, spread
  • vtoNspread; scatter; lay out
   shī OC: lʰal MC: ɕiɛ 3 Attributions

Shī 施 refers to dispensing something in many places and thus spreading it around, and the object of spreading is usually a benefit.

  • vispread; spread out
  • vt+prep+Nspread over
  • vtoNscatter and lay out
   gài OC: kaabs MC: kɑi 3 Attributions
  • vtoNspread throughout (the world, the state etc)
流行   liú xíng OC: ru ɢraaŋ MC: lɨu ɦɣaŋ 3 Attributions
  • VPiactfigurative: to spread; to get spread; be disseminated disseminate
  • VPtt(oN1.)+N2figurative
   hóng OC: ɡʷɯɯŋ MC: ɦəŋ 2 Attributions
  • vtoNcausativecause to be great > spread, diseminate
   qià OC: ɡroob MC: ɦɣɛp 2 Attributions
  • vt+prep+Nto spread over (a place); to permeate (something)
  • vtoNmiddlevoicebe spread everywhere
離散   lí sàn OC: b-rel sqaans MC: liɛ sɑn 2 Attributions
  • VPiactscatter in all directions
   yǐ OC: qralʔ MC: ʔiɛ 1 Attribution
  • viprocessspread in a certain direction (of fire)
   màn OC: mons MC: mi̯ɐn 1 Attribution
  • vadNspread-out sidewise (as opposed to straight down)
  • vtoNspread out
遊 / 游   yóu OC: lu MC: jɨu yóu OC: lu MC: jɨu 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativesend all over the place, spread (to different parts of the world etc)
   huàn OC: qhloons MC: hʷɑn 1 Attribution
  • viprocessbe falling apart; be scattered; dispersed
   fāng OC: phaŋ MC: phi̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNcausativecause to be fragrant in > spread throughout, disseminate in
   tán OC: ɡ-luum MC: dəm 1 Attribution
  • vispread; extend
   bān OC: praan MC: pɣan 1 Attribution
  • vtoNdistribute; promulgate
弘揚   hóng yáng OC: ɡʷɯɯŋ k-laŋ MC: ɦəŋ ji̯ɐŋ 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNcausativecause to be broad and held up > to promote, popularize, spread on a large scale, disseminate
棄散   qì sàn OC: khils sqaans MC: khi sɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNpassiveget scattered
  • VPttoN1.+prep+N2passiveget scattered all over N2
耗散   hào sàn OC: hmoows sqaans MC: hɑu sɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPtoNresultativewaste away and scatter
解散   jiě sàn OC: kreeʔ sqaans MC: kɣɛ sɑn 1 Attribution
  • VPichangescatter, disintegrate, fall apart
   làn MC: lanH OC: ɡ-raans 1 Attribution
  • viscatter in all directions; scatter in waves
   huī kuī MC: khwoj OC: khʷɯɯ 1 Attribution
  • vtoNspread broadly all over
   guǎng OC: kʷaaŋʔ MC: kɑŋ 0 Attributions
  • vadNwide-spread
  • vibe spread far and wide
分散   fēn sàn OC: pɯn sqaans MC: pi̯un sɑn 0 Attributions
  • VPimiddle voiceget scattered
   zá OC: sɡuub MC: dzəp 0 Attributions
  • vadNpassivescattered
   fēi OC: pɯl MC: pɨi 0 Attributions
  • viprocessget scattered
    MC:  OC:  0 Attributions
  • viscatter in all directions; scatter in waves

Existing SW for

Here are Syntactic Words already defined in the database: