Taxonomy of meanings for 惡:

  • è (OC: qaaɡ MC: ʔɑk) 烏各切 入 廣韻:【不善也説文曰過也烏各切又烏故切四 】
  • è (OC: qaaɡ MC: ʔɑk) 烏各切 入 廣韻:【俗惡 】
  • wū (OC: qaa MC: ʔuo) 哀都切 平 廣韻:【安也 】
  • wù (OC: qaaɡs MC: ʔuo) 烏路切 去 廣韻:【憎惡也又烏各切 】
    • e4BAD
      • nabfeaturebad image; bad points, dishonourable points 三惡
      • vadNbad; dishonourable; offensive (words); of bad quality (clothes); malignant (of disease); foul (of smells)
      • vadV(eat) badly, nastily, (smell) foul; dishonourably
      • v[adN]nonreferentialwhat is bad; what is undesirable
      • nabconceptbadness
      • v[adN1.]post-N2bad points of N2
      • vtoNcausativederived: cast a bad light on N, make N look bad
      • nab[.post-N]one's own bad points; one's own bad image
      • morally>WICKED
        • nab.post-V{NUM}actevil deeds; wicked actions
        • nabactwickedness in action
        • nabconceptthe abstract concept of wickedness
        • nabgradedwickedness as a psychological feature 其惡最甚
        • v[adN]nonreferentialthe wicked
        • vadNwicked
        • visubj=nonhumanbe evil; inherently wicked, evil
        • viactbehave wickedly
        • nabfeaturewickedness
        • legal>CRIME
          • nabactbad mistake, crime
        • social>CRUEL
          • vt+prep+NGUOYU: 大惡於民
          • vibe cruel YIJING: 不惡而嚴 "not cruel but strict"
      • aesthetically>UGLY
        • v[adN]figurativewhat is morally ugly; disgusting things
        • nabstativeugliness
        • nccsubjectwhat is ugly
        • v[adN]nonreferentialthe bad
        • vadNugly; nasty (e.g. disease)
        • vadNfigurativenon-visually ugly
        • vibe ugly; be in terribly bad shape
        • vtoNcausativecause to be ugly, ensure that (something) is of low quality
        • vtoNputativeconsider as ugly
        • vtoNputative.reflex.自regard (oneself) as ugly
    • ability>INCOMPETENT
      • nabfeatureincompetence
      • event>DISASTER
        • nabeventevents that are bad for one; disasters
        • medical>ILLNESS
          • nabstatebad illness
      • “badly”>INTENSELY
        • vadVbadly, extremely, intensely
      • wu4 feel to be bad>HATE
        • nabpsychhatred; dislikes (versus likes); bad feelings; hating people
        • vt(oN)dislike the contextually determinate N
        • vt+prep+Nact hatefully towards
        • vt+prep+Ncausativecause to be hated by
        • vt+V[0]hate to
        • vtoNgradedhate openly, detest, dislike strongly; LY 4.3: truly and properly dislike 甚惡"strongly dislike"
        • vtoNpassivebe hated, be exposed to hatred
        • vtoNpsychhate (oneself)
        • vtoNPab{S}hate it that, hate it when
        • vtpost-.VtoNhave relations of hatred with N
        • vttoN1.+prep+N2causativecause N1 to be hated by N2
        • vtoNtake a hostile attitude towards, act hatefully towards