Taxonomy of meanings for 立:

  • lì (OC: ɡ-rub MC: lip) 力入切 入 廣韻:【行立又住也成也又漢複姓魯有賢人立如子力入切九 】
    • STAND
      • viactto stand in a certain place; stand in attention (at court); often used with 於 (one might feel this is a transitive usage with a local object rather than a localising complement)
      • viacttake a (psychological) stand> take a position (See 獨立 "take an independent position, establish oneself independently as 'one's own person'")
      • viactZUO: stand up (as a pig standing up like a man). This is the general word for standing straight and inactive with both feet on the ground.
      • vifigurativeTo "stand around" and fail to act [DS]
      • vt+prep+N立於門外
      • vt+prep+Nactfigurative: to find a place to stay; find a job (somewhere); to serve (somewhere)
      • vtoN{PLACE}stand in (a place)
      • v[adN]nonreferentialsomeone standing
      • vifigurativeof an expression: stand out
      • vtoNcausativecause to stand up; erect
      • vadVstanding
      • abstract, continuative>REMAIN
        • viactremain in place; subsist, remain in existence
        • figurative, abstract, “remain in existence”t>EXIST
          • vimedicine: be diagnosed to exist> exist
      • causative>ESTABLISH
        • nabactthe establishment
        • vtoNcausativecause to exist, establish, bring into existence (e.g. laws etc); promote and establish; cause to be established as ruler
        • vtoNfigurativeestablish > postulate (a thesis, proposition)
        • vtoNmathematical termCHEMLA 2003:
        • vtoNmiddle voicebe solidly established
        • vtoNpassivebe brought into existence and solidly established
        • vtoNfigurativebe established > be postulated (as a proposition)
        • vtoNreflexive.自establish (onself)
        • vtoN1.+N2establish/setup/place N1 in the place N2
        • vttoN1.+N2establish N2 for N1
        • vttoN1.+N2reflexive.自establish an N2 for (onself)
        • vimiddle voicebe administratively established in one's rank
        • vt[oN]reflexiveestablished [himself]> took a stand, was his own man
        • abstract: what one has tried>ACHIEVE
          • vtoNto achieve
          • vtoNmiddle voiceto be achieved, to get achieved
          • something important>SUCCEED
            • viactget properly established and succeed in one's career
            • vtoNcausativecause (someone) to succeed LY: 立仁
            • vifigurativebe successfully recognised> be an intellectual success
            • vt+prep+NN=placeget well-established in the place N
            • nabactthe becoming well-established, successful establishment of a career
        • politically>INSTALL
          • vt[oN]install someone in office
          • vtoN.+Vreflexive.自install (oneself) as ruler, OFTEN 自立為楚王
          • vtoNinstate, establish formally in a position (as ruler or official)
          • vtoNmiddle voicebe formally established, be established and achieve proper status; be firmly established, be established as true; take a firm stance on life
          • vtoNreflexive.自install (oneself) in a ruling position
          • vttoN1.+N2reflexive.自install (oneself) as N2
          • nabactinstallment, establishment on the throne; establishment in the leading position
          • vtoNconativetry to install
          • vtoN.+V[0]install N to V (become prime minister etc)
          • be installed as ruler>GOVERN
            • viinchoativebe established as ruler[See also ESTABLISH][CA]
            • vicontinuativemiddle voice: be established as ruler
        • establishing a new practice>BEGIN
          • nab.-Nbeginning two weeks of the season N 立春 "beginning of spring"
        • dwelling>BUILD
          • vtoNbuild up physically
          • vtoNpassivebe built, be set up
          • abstract: family>MARRY
            • vtoNestablish as one's main wife.
          • abstract: any artifact>CREATE
            • vtoNcause to be established> invent
      • stante pede>IMMEDIATELY
        • vadVstante pede > without delay, in no time; immediately; on the spot