Taxonomy of meanings for 亡:

  • wáng (OC: maŋ MC: mʷiɐŋ) 武方切 平 廣韻:【無也滅也進也説文正作亾武方切十二 】
    • LACK
      • nabhavenot-having things
      • vinot exist; be lacking; be missing
      • vtoNlack, be without; make do without; imply no (harm or loss); lack the support of (subordinates)
      • vt0oNN=logical subjectthere is a lack of
      • vt(oN)be without the contextually determinate thing
      • nabstativeabsence of untoward things; clear path
      • vttoN1.+prep+N2reflexive.己lack N1 within (oneself)
      • nabplaceabsence; the place where something is absent or lacking
      • nababstractnothingness, absence of anything whatsoever
      • vtoN1.postadN2without
      • vt+V[0]V=object of Vlack an object of V > have nothing to V, have nothing that one Vs
      • vt(oN)ombe without the contextually determinate object N
      • nab.tfeaturelack > non-existence of N
      • nprono one
      • vadNthe missing N, the non-existing N, the non-extant N
      • vtoNN=support of Nlack; have lost the support of N
      • vtoN.adVwithout
      • vt0oNthere are no Ns
      • vtoNderivedlack the experience of> never encounter
      • vtoNlack the N one needs
      • vadVt(oN)there is not the contextually determinate object N of the Vt, there is no contextually determinate object N of the Vt
      • vt0oN1{SUBJ}.postN2{PLACE}there is no N1 at N2
      • vt[0]oN.adV(0){NEG}=無所 e.g. 無與慮國 "have not one to plan for the state with": lack the object of Vt in V-ing
      • inchoative>DISAPPEAR
        • nabeventdisappearance
        • vadNdisappeared; lost
        • vichangecease to exist
        • viresultativebe nowhere to be found
        • have disappear>LOSE
          • nablost
          • vieventlose
          • vtoNlose (e.g. a fingernail); ZGC: have run away from one, lose from one's herd (a goat)
          • vtoNlose control of
        • process: from life>DIE
          • nabprocessdeath
          • vichangedie
          • causative>KILL
            • vtoNdestroy the life of
        • causative>DESTROY
          • nab.post-V{NUM}processruination, ruin (may be counted) 三亡
          • nabeventruination
          • v[adN]those doomed to destruction; that which is doomed to disappear
          • vadNfuturedoomed to ruin 亡國,亡主
          • vadNpassiveruined
          • vichangelose out; be ruined, be annihilated, be ruined
          • vigradedbe bound for ruin, doomed to be ruined 愈亡
          • vtoNcausative(cause to be ruined>) to ruin (a state or a ruler, one's peson)
          • vtoNcausativebring ruin upon (oneself)
          • vtoNcausativecause (oneself) to be ruined> destroy/ruin (oneself)
          • vtoNfigurativecause to disappear > destroy; remove (an object)
          • vtoNpassivebe destroyed by
          • vtoNmiddle voicebe bound to be ruined
          • vtoNmiddlevoiceevent: get destroyed; be ruined; get annihilated
          • headed for destruction> DOOMED
            • worthy of destruction>WICKED
            • causative>DEFEAT
              • vtoNHF 1.2: cause the discontinuation of (a state), ruin (a country)
          • feature>ABSENT
            • vifail to exist, not exist
            • action>LEAVE
              • vt[oN]go away; to leave
              • vtoNdisappear from a place, leave a place
            • from dangerous place>FLEE
              • v[adN]fugitives
              • vt(oN)go into exile (often in a certain place); be in exile[also: escape from being caught][CA]
              • vtoNflee from
              • nabactflight
              • vt[oN]get away
              • from state>EXILE
                • nabactthe going into exile, exile
                • vadNin exile, exiled, living in exile; fugitive
                • vtoNcausativesend into exile
                • viactgo into exile
                • vtoNfor-Ngo into exile for the sake of N
                • vibe in exile
            • causative>BANISH
              • vt(oN)causativecause a contextually determinate N to flee
              • vtoNcausativecause to flee, cause to go into exile> banish
        • grammaticalised: there is no such thing, no>NOT
          • vt{NEG}+Vi[0]not
          • vt{NEG}(+V)I do not (V); not to V; no!
      • derivation by tone change: psychological>FORGET
        • vtoNcome to forget (some thing); overlook, be oblivious of, forget about, cease to think about; come to fail to pay proper attention to what one is surely aware of
        • vt+V[0]forget to V
        • vt[oN]forget things; forget about things; be oblivious of what one is doing
        • vtoNreflexive.身forget (oneself) EXAMPLES???
        • vtoNreflexive.己forget all about oneself
        • vt(oN)forget the contextually determinate thing
        • vtoNreflexive.自forget oneself
        • vtoNpassivebe forgotten
        • involuntarily>DISREGARD
          • vtoNforget about> ignore, neglect; disregard (sometimes: the fact that S); fail to pay proper careful attention to, heed, fail to be mindful of
          • vt(oN)to forget about (a contextually determinate object)
          • vt+prep+Ncome to disregard; keep disregarding
          • vtoNpsychforget all about (oneself)
          • vtoNpsychdisregard (oneself), forget all about (oneself)
          • vtoNreflexive.身neglect one's own person; pay no heed to one's own interests
          • vtoNpassivebe disregarded; be neglected
          • vtoNab{S}disregard the fact of S